In the end, it was the beginning. In the beginning, it was the end. Introductions and Conclusions
Introductions • Draw the reader into the essay. • Provide necessary context. • Establish the topic of the essay.
Traditional Introductions • Attention Grabber (draws the reader in) • Link (provides context) • Thesis (establishes the topic) • Other ways/ other methods?
Purpose/ Audience • How would your introduction vary if… • You are writing a timed rhetorical analysis? • You are writing a longer rhetorical analysis? • You are writing a highly controversial argument? • You are writing a long researched argument? • You are writing for an amicable audience?
Thesis Statement Reminders • Explicit versus Implicit • Introduction versus Conclusion • Destabilizing Formula • Although…., nevertheless…because • Although capital punishment may deter crime, it is still cruel and unusual punishment, so it should be abolished.
Conclusions • Touchback • A brief review of important ideas • So What? • Why should your audience care? • Your “conclusion” • Zinger • A sense of closure; a memorable ending
Conclusion Techniques • Framing • Start the way you began! • Anaphora • If…then • Look to the future • Hallmark card