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A Review. Grammar: The Essentials. Noun. A noun is a person, place or thing Ms. Thiell is a person so she is a noun A basketball is a thing, so it is a noun Charlotte, NC is a place, so it is a noun. Pronoun.

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  • A noun is a person, place or thing
    • Ms. Thiellis a person so she is a noun
    • A basketball is a thing, so it is a noun
    • Charlotte, NC is a place, so it is a noun
  • A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. It can be in one of three cases:
    • Subject
    • Object
    • Possessive
    • Alex’s bike is brand new. He saved his money for it all summer.

We know the subject is Alex so we do not need to say

his name again. Instead a pronoun (he, his) is used to

reference Alex. We know that we are talking about the bike,

so we use the pronoun (it) when we reference the bike.

  • An adjective is a word that imputes a characteristic on a noun or pronoun
  • Adjectives are usually placed just before the words they qualify
    • The sunnyday

Day is a noun (it’s a thing) and sunny describes the type of day it is, so it is an adjective

    • A skinnydog
  • A verb asserts something about the subject of the sentence and express actions, events or states of being
    • Kelly ran home
    • Ms. Thiellis my teacher
    • The race begins at seven
  • An adverb modifies a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a phase or a clause
  • Some adverbs can be identified by the “ly” suffix
    • We waited patiently for the doctor
  • Conjunctive adverbs join two clauses together
    • Example: Furthermore, additionally, finally, consequently
  • An interjection is a word added to a sentence to convey emotion
  • Interjections are not grammatically related to any other part of the sentence
  • Interjections are usually followed with an exclamation mark
    • Wow! Those shoes are expensive.
  • A conjunction is used to link words, phrases and clauses together
  • I would like to go, but I’m grounded
  • The cat is black and white
  • Tim will go to the movies if he gets permission
subject and predicate
Subject and Predicate
  • Every complete sentence contains two parts: a subject and a predicate
  • A subject is what the sentence is about (it’s a noun or pronoun)
  • A predicate tells something about the subject (includes a verb)
    • Janekicked the soccer ball

Jane is the subject and kicked the soccer ball is the predicate

  • Prepositions links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence
    • John went to school
    • Kate ate during lunch
    • Your vocabulary is on the next slide
  • Anarchy
  • Ardent
  • Coherent
  • Frugal
  • Notorious
  • Implement
  • Obscure
  • Pacify
  • Squander
  • Viable