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North and South Korea. Communism vs. Free Market. Objectives. Identify North and South Korea on a blank map. Discuss the philosophy of Juche and its effect on North Korea. Recount how the two halves of Korea separated. Name the sponsors of each of the two halves.

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North and South Korea

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    1. North and South Korea Communism vs. Free Market

    2. Objectives • Identify North and South Korea on a blank map. • Discuss the philosophy of Juche and its effect on North Korea. • Recount how the two halves of Korea separated. • Name the sponsors of each of the two halves. • Compare the development of the two nations since their split.

    3. Terms and People The DMZ orDemilitarized Zone is the divider between North and South Korea. I hate this place. I’m never coming back. We don’t need anyone else! Our leader is always right! • Juche(Ju-Chey) is the idea of isolation and self sufficiency which North Korea follows. Praise the leader! A Cult of personality is the worship or near worship of a political leader. A defector is someone that leaves their country for the other side. • Pyongyang is the capital of North Korea. • Seoul is the capital of South Korea.

    4. Korea is a peninsula in northeast Asia. Russia Japan Korea has only three neighbors. China Korea is divided into two nations, North Korea and South Korea.

    5. North Korea is separated from China by the Yalu River. A mountain chain runs along the peninsula’s eastern side. North Korea is more mountainous than South Korea. Both North Korea and South Korea have lowlands to the west, suitable for rice-growing. Both of their capitals are on this side.


    7. Since the divide, communist North Korea and free-market South Korea have had very different levels of success.

    8. Americans are familiar with some South Korean companies, notably cars and electronics. Americans aren’t familiar with North Korean exports. There aren’t any.

    9. North Korea South Korea

    10. Observe this nighttime satellite photo of the two Korean nations. What can one learn from this satellite photo concerning Korean economy?

    11. The border between North and South Korea is the most heavily militarized border in the world. Naturally, it’s called the De-Militarized Zone. It is guarded day and night.

    12. The Official Version: At his birth a double rainbow and new star appeared. He has composed of six operas. He has designed a huge tower in Pyongyang, the capital city. He is the protector of Juche ideology and a brilliant general. The Unofficial version Playboy reputation—permed hair and platform shoes Allegedly responsible for nation’s nuclear program Suspected of ordering a number of atrocities Profile of a dictator: Kim Jong Il

    13. North Korea has nuclear weapons. What conclusions can one draw from this chart about their nuclear weapons? N. Korea is also developing missiles to deliver their weapons.

    14. NORTH KOREA • 55% of the peninsula • 1/3 of the population • extremely rural • Inefficient, non-productive agriculture • Antique state enterprises • Limited trade – former Soviet Union and China SOUTH KOREA • 45% of the peninsula • 2/3 of the population • highly urbanized • Intensive, increasingly mechanized agriculture • Modern factories • Extensive trade – US, Japan, and Western Europe

    15. Which best describes the border between North and South Korea? What is the physical geography of Korea? Dividing the capital city An archipelago Along rugged mountains A peninsula Along the Yalu River A plateau World’s most heavily armed A valley Which country sponsored North Korea after the split? Sweden Soviet Union Great Britain United States Which country sponsored South Korea after the split? China France Great Britain United States

    16. What economic systems are used by North and South Korea? After half a century of side-by-side communist and free market, what is the result? North Korea is communist; South Korea allows free-market. North Korea is far wealthier than South Korea. Both North and South Korea are Communist. Both North and South Korea are about the same economically. Both North and South Korea allow free-trade. South Korea is far wealthier than North Korea. South Korea is communist; North Korea allows free trade.

    17. By comparison with the more rural South, North Korea was economically well-endowed. With a far smaller population, it contained the bulk of Korea’s heavy industry, mining, and electricity plants (a fact that in the early days of the divide often led Pyongyang to cut Seoul’s electricity at will). Per capita productivity was booming.

    18. Korean History • Repression under Japan • Japanese Language • Japanese Names • Japanese Education • Forced labor and military service, • “Comfort Women”