The Thirteen Colonies Protest!. Socials 9. After Seven Years’ War. Britain wins, takes control of New France War was expensive –> high national debt Also expensive to maintain an army in the 13 Colonies Britain imposed taxes on the 13 Colonies to help pay these costs.
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The Thirteen Colonies Protest! Socials 9
After Seven Years’ War • Britain wins, takes control of New France • War was expensive –> high national debt • Also expensive to maintain an army in the 13 Colonies • Britain imposed taxes on the 13 Colonies to help pay these costs
Taxation without Representation • Colonists didn’t see the need for a British army in the colonies – no longer needed protection • No elected representation in the British government = objection to paying taxes to that government • Quebec and Nova Scotia had similar complaints but did not choose violent protest
Revolution! • 1775 – protests break into armed conflict • American Revolution = War of Independence • 1776 – Declaration of Independence • Leads to the formation of the United States of America, independent from Britain, in 1783
George Washington General, later first president
Quebec General Washington tried to convince the people of Quebec to join the revolution Americans sent soldiers to “protect not plunder” Bishop Briand of Quebec: “British King has been good to us” “Lets us use our laws and religion” “We can’t trust the Americans to do the same”
Invasion of Quebec! Two-pronged attack: General Richard Montgomery – Montreal captured, on to Quebec City General Benedict Arnold – tried to meet up with Montgomery at Quebec City, but starvation, disease, and desertion took a huge toll (1200 down to 600 men) Cold winter and smallpox made Americans unsuccessful in Quebec City – had to return home
Nova Scotia Christian religious revival called the Great Awakening Almost half of the population were Americans, but they did not join in the revolution Sometimes called “Neutral Yankees”
Questions? • Movie • Finish the movie worksheet • Move on to Chapter 6