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Local youth work in Flanders A brief introduction
Youth movements Scouting Chiro KSJ, KSA, VKSJ KLJ Playground association Municipal Private organised youth – non-organised youth
Youth movements Scouting Chiro KSJ, KSA, VKSJ KLJ Playground association Municipal Private Hang sites (welfare) Neighbourhood work (welfare) Municipal youth service Youth clubs Youth centres organised youth –non-organised youth
Municipal youth work • Organised by the municipal youth service • Grabbelpas • Swappas • Some playground associations • Youth council / youth work policy plan • Some youth clubs • Some youth centres
Youth centres • Private • Municipal
Youthcentres • A mix of different youth work under one roof • Grabbelpas / swappas • During holidays: playground association • Youth club • Skate club • Drama club • Teen age club • Rehearsal space for local young musicians • …
Youth centres • Often can you find the municipal youth service in the same building • Mostly with employees • Own resources • By means of funding • By means of the municipality
Youth clubs • Private • Municipal
Youth clubs • My youth club is myMATE • MEETING – ENCOUNTER • Joy & Fun, do nothing or do a lot • Alternative to commercial sector • ACTIVATION • Engagement, Involvement, Critical sense • Inclusion & Social Change • TOGETHER • Live, Work, Be together = Group work rules • Values: solidarity, respect, • EDUCATION • Informal & Formal Learning • Learning by experience
Youthclubs • More practical: • Run by volunteers (for and by youngsters) • For youngster from (14) 16 till 25 years old • Open several days a week • Mostly in weekends and on Wednesday • Informal meeting • You can drink something for real democratic prices (but you’re not obliged to drink) • Youth bar • Organising activities • Parties • Concerts • Movie nights • Excursions • …
Youthclubs • More practical: • Open to everyone irrespective of race, sex, religious and political conviction,… • Organising training for members and volunteers • Non-commercial / non-profit organization • Youngsters have autonomy
Youthclubs • Structure (based on the principal of participation throughout the whole organization) • Non-profit organization • Municipal non-profit organization • Association without legal personality
Youthclubs • Structure • Non-profit organization • Municipal non-profit organization • Association without legal personality General Assembly Executive Committee Youth Committee Work Groups Members In a non-profit organization the organization itself is a legal person. This means that the person who acts in behalf of the organization is legally protected by the organization.
Youthclubs • Structure • Non-profit organization • Municipal non-profit organization • Association without legal personality The General Assembly consist of half +one politicians, so they have the majority of the votes.
Youthclubs • Structure • Non-profit organization • Municipal non-profit organization • Association without legal personality People who act in behalf of the organization, are responsible themselves and are not legally protected by the organization.
Youthclubs • Support (by means of people) • 400 youth clubs in Flanders (members of Formaat) • +- 310 youth clubs are run by volunteers • +- 90 youth clubs have professional support • Own resources • By means of funding • By means of the municipality
Youthclubs • Support (by means of people) • 400 youth clubs in Flanders (members of Formaat) • +- 310 youth clubs are run by volunteers • +- 90 youth clubs have professional support • Own resources • By means of funding • By means of the municipality • Difference between: • A youth worker in and for the youth club (he’s a part of the daily functioning of the youth club) • A youth worker in support of the youth club
Youthclubs • Support (financial and other) • Own resources • Profits from activities are invested back in the youth club • By means of funding • National – federal – provincial • Mostly project funding • For employment • Local (municipal) • Basic funding • Project funding • Employing youth workers • Providing a location, paying costs,… • Special foundations • Mostly project funding
Youthclubs • Some youth clubs have a specific target group • WKJ • Deprived young people • Migrants • …
Questions for Formaat • Municipal non-profit organizations • The municipality has the majority of the votes → what about the autonomy of the youngsters? • Youth clubs vs. youth centres • it is not always clear what the distinction is between both • Ex. A youth centre with a lot of staff → what about the participation of youngsters?
A BIG CHANGE FOR THE YOUTH CLUBS 1993: decree on funding from the municipalities to the implementationof a local youth work policy • Before 1993: national funding • After 1993: funding by the municipalities • Impact: • detection of local needs • more recognition of local youth clubs • more recognition of local initiatives • The making of a youth work policy plan • Participation of local youth trough the youth council en the youth work policy plan • An increase of youth clubs from the question of youngsters in the municipality