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Emergency First Aid EMERGENCY FIRST AID Have you ever been the first on scene of an accident that resulted in an injury or serious illness? If you have then you know what its like to be the only link between a victim and emergency medical care.

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Presentation Transcript
emergency first aid2
EMERGENCY FIRST AID

Have you ever been the first on scene of an accident that resulted in an injury or serious illness?

If you have then you know what its like to be the only link between a victim and emergency medical care.

Your role is to take action, whether by providing first aid, seeking medical help or calling 911.

Your actions may improve the victims

chance of recovery.

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If you are calling from a cell phone on the Hanford Site, dial 373-3800 for emergency medical help.

bleeding
BLEEDING
  • Apply direct pressure to the wound with a direct pressure bandage.
  • Elevate the wound to slow the bleeding
  • Pressure Pointwhen necessary apply additional pressure to help reduce bleeding.
care for shock
CARE FOR SHOCK
  • Keep the victim lying down (if possible).
  • Elevate legs 10-12 inches… unless you suspect a back injury or broken bones.
  • Cover the victim to maintain body temperature.
  • Provide the victim with plenty of fresh air and space.
  • If victim begins to vomit - place him/her on his/her leftside.
sprains and strains
SPRAINS AND STRAINS
  • I - Ice, apply a cold pack. Do not apply ice directly to skin.
  • C - Compress, use an elastic or conforming wrap
  • E - Elevate, above heart level to control internal bleeding.

I – C – E

dislocations fractures
DISLOCATIONS & FRACTURES
  • I - Immobilize area Stop any movement by supporting injured area. Use pillows, jackets, blankets, etc.
  • A - Activate Emergency Medical Services (EMS), call 911.
  • C - Care for shock
  • T - Treat any additional secondary injuries.

I – A – C – T

bites and stings
BITES AND STINGS

For Mild bites and stings

  • Move to a safe area to avoid more bites and stings
  • Scrape or brush off the stinger and wash the effected area with soap
  • Apply a cold pack to avoid swelling
  • Apply baking soda mix: 3 tsp of baking soda to 1 tsp of water

Severe reaction is not common, however it will happen quickly. Watch for signs such as inability to breath, swelling of face and throat, hives etc. – CALL 911

Check if victim has special medications for reaction and administer.

faints passing out
FAINTS/PASSING OUT

Position the victim lying on his/her back and elevate his/her legs above heart level

Check the victim’s airway to ensure it is clear.

Check for signs of breathing, coughing, or movement

Loosen clothing (neck ties, collars, belts etc.)

If consciousness is not regained within one minute Call 911

remember universal precautions
REMEMBER!!!UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS:
  • The routine use of appropriate barrier precautions to prevent skin and mucous membrane exposure when contact with blood or other body fluids of any individual may occur or is anticipated.
  • Universal Precautions apply to blood and to all other body fluids with potential for spreading any infections.
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Other Information

  • AdvanceMed Hanford, www.hanford.gov/amh or contact our Health Education Department at 376-3267
  • American Red Cross, http://www.redcross.org/services/hss/courses/
  • MayoClinic First Aid Guide, http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/FirstAidIndex/FirstAidIndex

NOTICE: This presentation is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Nor is it intended to replace First Aid Certification Training. Contact our Health Education Department at (509) 376-3267 for more information.