The…the… withcomparativeadjectives This structure is used to show proportionate increase or decrease.
Double comparatives describe a cause-and-effect process. • The more education women get, the later they marry. • The better the quality of health care (is), the higher the life expectancy (is).
Note the word order in both clauses: the + comparative expression + subject + verb The more I see him, the more I like him. (NOT The more I see him I like him more)
The more I read, the less I understand.The older we grow, the wiser we become.The higher you climb, the colder it gets.The more I study, the more I learn.The more he earns, the less he saves.
Morecan be used with a nounin this structure. The more money he makes, the more useless things he buys. • A short form of this structure is used in sentences ending the better. ‘How do you like your tea?’ ‘The stronger, the better.’
the more sport you practise, the fitter you get • the more you eat, the fatter you get • the more I study, the better marks I’ll get in the exam • the longer I wait, the more impatient I get • the more I drink, the less self-control I have • the less I sleep, the more tired I am the following day • the more work I have, the longer I have to work • the more it rains, the better crops they get
The more dangerous things are, the more I like it • The older Mark gets, the more he looks like his grandfather • The more I get to know him, the more I like him • The longer she waited, the more impatient she got • The older a chicken is, the tougher • The more careful a student is, the fewer mistakes he makes • The more perfect a diamond is, the more expensive • the more ripen plums are, the sweeter • The more coffee you drink, the more nervous you get
Complete the sentences • 1. The ____ you study for these exams, the ____ you will do. hard - better harder - more successfully much - better more - good • 2. She doesn't really like vodka, so the ____ a bottle you find, the ____ it will be for us! small - cheaper smaller - cheap smaller - good smaller - cheaper • 3. My neighbor is driving me mad! It seems that the ____ it is at night, the ____ he plays his music! later - more loud late - louder later - louder more late - loud • 4. He spent a year in India and loves spicy food. The ____ the food is, the ____ he likes it. hotter - more hot - much hotter - much hot - more