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Demystifying Census Resources - A Practical Overview of What's There and How to Use it Paula Wright, Information Services Specialist Suzee Privett, Information Services Assistant Willie DeBerry, Partnership Specialist Lacey Loftin, Congressional Liaison Jenna Arnold, Media Specialist Dallas Regional Office US Census Bureau 214.253.4481
Census Bureau Data: Important Information for Every Community • The main topics of our presentation today: • Importance of the Census Bureau and census information to local communities • An overview of census activities & resources … later in our presentation, we will talk about the 2010 Census products and the American Community Survey in more detail • Population and Housing Census … detailed portrait of U. S. housing and population every 10 years • American Community Survey … official part of the Decennial (every 10 year) Census that is updated every year with housing and population characteristics • Population Estimates … updated every year
Census Bureau Data: Important Information for Every Community (continued) • Other important sources of Census data … for future presentations • Economic Census … detailed portrait of U.S. economy every 5 years from national to local level • Economic Indicators … monthly & quarterly status of U.S. economy • On-Going Current Surveys: • Current Population Survey (CPS) … primary source of labor force information & leading economic indicator of monthly employment/unemployment • Consumer Expenditure Survey (CE) … used for Consumer Price Index • National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) … used by law enforcement • National Health Interview Survey (HIS) … used by National Center for Disease Control • Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) … used for evaluating Social Security, Medicare & Medicaid
Census Data Brings … • Political power • Congressional reapportionment • Economic power • Locate business markets & gauge competitiveness • Funding power • Supply the necessary demographic and economic information necessary for grant applications and business plans • Community development power • Know how your community is developing to keep up with the infrastructure
Why It’s Important for YOU to Answer Census Surveys • Help Your Community Thrive • Does your neighborhood have a lot of traffic congestion, elderly people living alone or over-crowed schools? Census numbers can help your community work out public improvement strategies. • Make Government Work for You • Provides the information state and local governments need to improve roads & transportation services, hospitals, schools & many other public services • Get Help in Times of Need • Gives current information for disaster planning … like how much water or how many beds would be needed in a disaster situation
Census Programs that are Most Used for Determining Program Eligibility and the Allocation of Federal Funds Important Differences in How They Are Collected: • Decennial Census • Actual Count of the Population • The American Community Survey • Scientifically Selected Random Sample of the Population • Census Population Estimates • Formulated based on Latest Census Number, Birth Rate, Death Rate and Migration Estimates
2010 Decennial Census … 100% Data • 100% data … meaning data from a 100% count of population and housing … not a sample! • 2010 Census was Short Form Only! • 10 Questions • The Data Items from the 2010 Census are: • Race • Ethnicity • Sex • Age • Household Relationship • Housing Tenure (own or rent)
American Community Survey … New Sample Data Every Year! • Social and Economic information every year rather than just once a decade • Takes the place of the census long form • At the start of each month, the questionnaire is mailed to a scientifically selected random sample of households in counties throughout the Nation • Not a Complete COUNT! Use it to determine population characteristics and to view trends in areas
Population Estimates Program • Formulated based on latest census number, birth rate, death rate and migration. • Provides annual population and (some) general demographics (age, sex, race and ethnicity) • Data available for Nation, States, Metro Areas, Counties and Cities/Towns • General demographic info available only for Nation, States and Counties (not Metro Areas or Cities/Towns) • OFFICIAL CENSUS COUNT FOR INTERCENSAL YEARS!
10 Largest Federal Programs that use Census Bureau population and income data as factors. Are these important for your community? • Medical Assistance Program (Medicaid) • Unemployment Insurance • Highway Planning and Construction • Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program • Temporary Assistance for Needy Families • Federal Pell Grant Program • Title 1 Grants to Local Educational Agencies • Special Education Grants to States • National School Lunch Program • Head Start
Federal Funding Data from the Census Bureau • Ever wonder how much your State or County receives in federal funding and for what programs? • You can find those numbers by looking at the Consolidated Federal Funds Report issued annually by the Census Bureau at: http://harvester.census.gov/cffr/
Example of Federal Funding using Census Bureau Numbers: Child Care and Development Block Grants • Department of Health and Human Services • $5 billion spent nationwide in FY 2010 • Based on a formula that takes into account : • The number of children below the age of 5 • Per capita income • And the number of children receiving assistance through the School Lunch program.
What Data Are Available for My Community and Where Do I Find It?1.You Need to Know what Geography You Need2.You Need to Know what Data Item(s) You Need
Census Geography • Census Geography (geographical hierarchy) • Census Statistical Areas Used in Data Products • 2010 Geography Products
Nation Metropolitan Areas Zip Code Tabulation Area Regions Divisions States Congressional Districts Places Counties County Subdivision Census Tracts Important Note: Not all Data are available for all geographies! Block Groups Blocks 16
Census Tract 122.04, Dallas County, Texas • Census Tracts are small, relatively permanent statistical subdivisions of a county and generally have a population of 1,500 to 8,000 (optimum 4,000) and follow physical boundaries. Sample data (from the American Community Survey) are available for all census tracts.
Block Group 4, Census Tract 122.04, Dallas County, Texas • Block Groupsare subdivisions of a census tract and generally have a population of 300 to 4,000 (optimum 1,500) and follow physical boundaries. Sample data are generally available for larger populated areas that meet a disclosure threshold at the Block Group level. Generally the disclosure threshold is 100 or more cases of like characteristics.
Block 4004, Block Group 4, Census Tract 122.04, Dallas County, Texas • Blocks arethe smallest geographic level for which 100% data from the 2010 Census are available. There is no population threshold because there is no sample data ever available for blocks . Block size varies depending on population density.
Census Geography: How It All Fits Together 122.04 3001 3002 4002 4001 3003 3004 4004 4003 4002 4001 2051 4003 4004 2050 Block Group 4 4004 Block 4004 1001 2057 2056 Census Tract 122.04
2010 Census Geography Products • Census Bureau Geography • http://www.census.gov/geo/www/ • 2010 Census Geographic Products • http://www.census.gov/geo/www/2010census/ • 2010 Reference maps are available at: http://www.census.gov/geo/www/maps/CP_MapProducts.htm • GIS Information • 2010 Census TIGER\Line Shapefiles • http://www.census.gov/geo/www/tiger/tgrshp2010/tgrshp2010.html • For help and contact: • (301) 763-1128 • firstname.lastname@example.org • Customer Service number to order paper maps: 800-923-8282 or 301-763-4636 • http://www.census.gov/mp/www/cat Dallas Regional Office Geography: 214-267-6920 email@example.com
Census Data Products • 2010 Census Data • 2010 Census Data Products … At a Glance • 2010 Redistricting Data • 2010 Census Demographic Profiles • Summary File 1 • Summary File 2 • Census Briefs • American Community Survey • American FactFinder
2010 Data Products At a Glance & 2010 Census Briefs • Data Products At a Glance provides information on each 2010 data product. • Census Briefs provide the first analysis of 2010 Census population & housing topics, and include graphs & tables. They focus on the most important aspects of the topics, as well as explore the geographic distribution of the subject matter. • The planned release is from March 2011 – February 2012 • 2010 Census Briefs, along with Data Products at a Glance, will be accessible from this link:http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2010/democen2010.html
First 2010 Census Data Release: Redistricting Data [P.L. 94-171] Summary Files • Table P1 – Race • Table P2 - Hispanic or Latino, and not Hispanic or Latino by Race • Table P3 - Race for the Population 18 Years and Over • Table P4 - Hispanic or Latino, and not Hispanic or Latino by Race for the Population 18 Years and Over • Table H1 - Occupancy Status (Housing) Released on a State by State basis
Interactive Redistricting Data On 2010 Census Website http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/
Second 2010 Census Data Release: 2010 Census Demographic Profiles • Data items from the 2010 Census: • Age, sex, race, Hispanic Origin, relationship to householder, households by type (family & nonfamily), housing occupancy and vacancy rates, and housing tenure (owner-occupied and renter-occupied housing units.) • Geography for Profiles: • United States, States, Counties, Places, American Indian & Alaska Native areas, Hawaiian Home Lands, Core Based Statistical Areas, Congressional Districts & State Legislative Districts • More detailed characteristics than the PL 94-171, but not as much detail as SF1 or SF2 • Will be released throughout May 2011 … each week in May, 13 states will be released • National data will be released with the last 13 states during the last week of May
Third 2010 Census Data Release: Summary File 1 (100% Data) Table Outlines for SF1 are available on 2010 Census Data Products … At a Glance : http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2010/glance/index.html • Household Relationship • Sex • Age • Hispanic/Latino Origin • Race • Tenure (own/rent) • Vacancy Characteristics • (occupied/vacant) SF1 will be released on a State-by-State basis from June 2011 – August 2011
Fourth 2010 Census Data Release: Summary File 2 (100% Data) Summary File 2: Cross references detailed race and ethnic categories and American Indian & Alaska Native Tribes with all data subjects in SF1 Table Outlines + detailed Race & Hispanic categories + American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes for SF 2 are available on 2010 Census Data Products … At a Glance : http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2010/glance/index.html • SF2 will be released on a State-by-State basis from December 2011 – April 2012
American Community Survey: Sample Data Population Housing Value of home or monthly rent paid Units in structure Year structure built Number of rooms and number of bedrooms Year moved into residence Plumbing and kitchen facilities Telephone service Vehicles available Heating fuel Farm residence Utilities, mortgage, taxes Insurance and fuel costs • Marital Status • Place of birth, citizenship, & entry year • School enrollment/education attainment • Ancestry • Migration • Language spoken • Veteran status • Disability • Grandparents as caregivers • Labor force status • Place of work, journey to work • Occupation, industry, class of worker • Work status • Income • Poverty Released Every Year
American Community Survey Most Current Data Available Now Are For 2009. Data for 2010 will be coming later this year! Areas with a population 65,000+: 1-Year Estimates (data available for 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009) Areas with a population 20,000+: 3 -Year Estimates (data available for 2005-2007 and 2006-2008, 2007-2009) Areas below 20,000 (incl. census tracts & block groups)5 -Year Estimates (data available for 2005 - 2009)
Use Multiyear Estimates When … • No 1-year estimate is available • Margins of error for 1-year estimates are larger than required • Analyzing data for small population groups • Comparing Across Geographies • Only compare the same type of estimate • 1-year estimates to other 1-year estimates • 3-year estimates to other 3-year estimates • 5-year estimates to other 5-year estimates • Only compare the same time periods 36
Comparing ACS Data for Different Areas: Using the same type & same time period 37
% Bachelor’s Degree or Higher Population 25 years and over 2005 - 2009 American Community Survey 5 year estimates MOE … Margin of Error
Other American Community Survey Products of Special Interest: 1.The Equal Employment Opportunity Special Tabulation (EEO) 2.Census Transportation Planning Product (CTPP)
American Community Survey 2006-2010 Special EEO Tabulation • Special Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Tabulation • Home-to-work flows by industry/occupation and several demographic characteristics • Released in late 2012 via AFF • Subject Matter Variables: detailed occupation categories, race and ethnicity, citizenship, sex, educational attainment, older age groups, younger age groups, industry and earnings
3-Year Census Transportation Planning Products • What is the CTPP? • A set of special tabulations from the American Community Survey tailored for the data needs of transportation planners • Produced by the Census Bureau, sponsored and owned by American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO) • The CTPP is Available Now • Based on ACS 2006, 2007, 2008 • Available for areas of 20,000 population or greater • http://trbcensus.com/products
Where To Find the Data: American FactFinder 43
Summary: How Your Community Can Use Census Data • Apportionment of Congressional Seats/Redistricting and the drawing of state and local boundaries, for example, state and local voting districts and school district boundaries • Appropriation of Federal, State and Local Funds • Help in Making Critical Community Decisions: • Economic development • Health • Housing • Emergency preparedness
Why Census Bureau Data Are So Powerful • It’s free and accessible • It’s reliable • It’s comparable nationwide • It’s detailed • It’s widely used by organizations of all kinds • It’s recognized throughout the country as the official government statistics
Census Bureau Data—Why It Matters… "Just like we can’t survive without roads and bridges, the country doesn’t function well without updated census data to distribute funds to areas that most need them and to support community decisions about their own future.“ Dr. Robert M. Groves, Director of the United States Census Bureau
The Dallas Region is onlineConnect with us! • Like our Facebook page: Dallas Regional Census Office Follow us on Twitter: uscb_dallas 47
Thank You Very Much • The Partnership and Data Services Office is here to serve the States of Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas … call us for assistance at 214-253-4481 • One final request … We need your help in spreading the word to your family, friends, and co-workers to answer census surveys … they are just as important as the every 10 year census in bringing needed services to your community! It’s how America knows what America needs!