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CENSUS 2000 DATA AND HOW WE CAN USE IT

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  1. CENSUS 2000 DATA AND HOW WE CAN USE IT Claudette Bennett Population Division U.S. Census Bureau January 2003

  2. Census 2000 Question on Hispanic Origin

  3. Census 2000 Question on Race

  4. Six Race “Alone” Categories • White • Black or African American • American Indian and Alaska Native • Asian • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander • Some other race

  5. Race Alone and Race in Combination • Race alone Respondents who reported only one race • Race in combination Respondents who reported two or more races • Race alone or in combination Respondents who reported one race, plus those who reported that race in combination with at least one other race

  6. Race and Hispanic Tabulation Categories 7 mutually exclusive racial categories • White alone • Black or African American alone • American Indian & Alaska Native alone • Asian alone • Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander alone • Some other race alone • Two or more races Hispanic or Latino • White alone, not Hispanic or Latino

  7. Diversity The Census Bureau does not have an official definition for “minority” One way to measure the Nation’s diversity is to combine both Hispanic Origin and Race • White Not Hispanic • All other race and Hispanic or Latino groups

  8. Growing Diversity White Not Hispanic Population • Still the largest population group, but it’s growing slowly • 1990: 188.1 million or 76% of the total population • Up 6.4 million -- an increase of 3% since 1990 • 2000: 194.6 million or 69% of the total population

  9. Growing Diversity (cont’d.) All other race and Hispanic or Latino Groups • Still less than one-third of the population, but growing rapidly • 1990: 60.6 million or 24% of the total population • Up 26.3 million -- an increase of 43% since 1990 • 2000: 86.9 million or 31% of the total population

  10. United States 75.1 12.3 Delaware 74.6 19.2 DC 30.8 60.0 Kentucky 90.1 7.3 Maryland 64.0 27.9 North Carolina 72.1 21.6 Ohio 85.0 11.5 Virginia 72.3 19.6 West Virginia 95.0 3.2 Two or more races SOR alone Black alone Asian alone White alone AIAN alone NHOPI alone RACE DISTRIBUTION: 2000 (US, 8 States) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1.

  11. 22.9 21.3 19.2 15.8 14.9 12.8 12.5 4.8 0.7 United Delaware DC Kentucky Maryland North Ohio Virginia West States Carolina Virginia Percent Hispanic: 2000 (any race) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1.

  12. 0.1 75.1 12.3 0.9 3.6 5.5 2.4 United States 0.4 0.0 19.2 2.1 2.0 1.7 74.6 Delaware 0.3 0.1 60.0 2.7 3.8 2.4 30.8 DC 0.3 0.0 Maryland 27.9 4.0 1.8 2.0 64.0 0.3 0.1 Virginia 19.6 3.7 2.0 2.0 72.3 Asian alone Black alone SOR alone NHOPI alone Two or more races AIAN alone Distribution of Non-White Race Groups: 2000 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1.

  13. United States 0.1 12.3 0.9 3.6 5.5 2.4 Kentucky 75.1 0.2 0.0 7.3 0.7 0.6 1.1 90.1 0.0 21.6 1.2 1.4 2.3 1.3 72.1 North Carolina 0.2 0.0 11.5 1.2 0.8 1.4 85.0 0.0 3.2 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.9 95.0 Ohio West Virginia Asian alone Black alone SOR alone NHOPI alone Two or more races AIAN alone Distribution of Non-White Race Groups: 2000 (cont’d.) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1.

  14. 64.1 62.7 60.9 60.5 60.0 57.8 55.7 55.0 54.4 39.9 29.0 27.0 23.3 22.2 17.1 15.4 14.3 14.2 13.9 11.5 4.8 4.5 4.1 3.5 3.1 2.5 2.1 2.2 2.0 1.6 United States Delaware DC Maryland Virginia White Black AIAN Asian NHOPI SOR Percent of Race Groups “In Combination”: 2000 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1.

  15. 67.8 66.1 64.9 60.6 54.9 54.4 53.8 53.5 44.3 39.9 31.1 28.9 24.4 20.5 19.7 17.1 17.0 16.5 16.4 13.9 8.9 5.1 5.2 4.8 2.5 2.2 1.4 1.4 1.0 0.8 United States Kentucky North Carolina Ohio West Virginia White Black AIAN Asian NHOPI SOR Percent of Race Groups “In Combination”: 2000 (cont’d.) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1.

  16. 32.3 25.4 24.1 23.2 20.1 19.5 18.6 18.2 17.2 17.2 15.9 15.1 12.7 12.6 12.5 12.4 12.3 11.5 10.5 10.3 10.0 9.8 9.8 6.1 6.0 United States Delaware District of Columbia Maryland Virginia White; SOR White; AIAN White; Asian White; Black Black; SOR Black; AIAN Top 5 Race Combinations: 2000 (US, 8 States) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1.

  17. 37.8 32.3 30.3 27.8 26.3 26.1 21.9 21.7 18.8 18.1 16.4 15.9 14.5 12.7 11.5 11.7 11.4 11.1 10.8 10.7 6.1 5.9 4.9 2.8 2.3 Kentucky United States North Carolina Ohio West Virginia White; SOR White; AIAN White; Asian White; Black Black; SOR Black; AIAN White; Black; AIAN Top 5 Race Combinations: 2000 (cont’d.) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1.

  18. School Enrollment by Race and Hispanic Origin The following slides will present school enrollment by race and Hispanic origin for selected states.

  19. 1.3 4.2 3.1 3.6 1.5 7.0 5.4 0.5 3.7 3.7 1.7 4.9 3.4 3.8 1.3 3.8 2.9 3.1 2.9 6.7 4.2 1.3 3.9 3.4 WHITE 3.0 AIAN 3.4 BLACK 6.4 4.3 ASIAN NHOPI TWO+ HISPANIC PRE-SCHOOL Race and Hispanic Origin Distribution: 2000 Delaware District of Columbia Maryland Virginia Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3.

  20. Kentucky 1.4 4.3 2.4 3.6 1.7 7.7 4.1 North Carolina 1.3 4.1 3.4 3.5 3.0 7.2 3.9 Ohio 1.4 4.5 2.9 3.6 4.5 7.6 5.2 West Virginia 1.3 3.5 2.5 3.1 5.4 WHITE 5.8 AIAN 4.2 BLACK ASIAN NHOPI TWO+ HISPANIC PRE-SCHOOL Race and Hispanic Origin Distribution: 2000 (cont’d.) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3.

  21. 10.7 Delaware 15.7 13.7 10.2 4.5 20.6 16.8 District of Columbia 4.2 12.9 10.9 4.2 16.2 10.0 10.7 Maryland 11.4 15.1 11.4 11.0 9.6 19.5 14.6 10.8 Virginia WHITE 14.9 AIAN 10.4 BLACK 10.9 ASIAN 9.7 NHOPI 19.2 13.9 TWO+ HISPANIC ELEMENTARY Race and Hispanic Origin Distribution: 2000 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3.

  22. 11.5 15.0 11.6 11.4 Kentucky 12.6 18.8 13.8 10.5 15.3 14.9 12.6 North Carolina 11.8 19.0 13.2 11.7 16.4 12.5 10.4 Ohio 14.3 21.3 17.2 10.5 12.8 11.1 West Virginia WHITE 10.0 11.5 AIAN 17.7 BLACK 15.5 ASIAN NHOPI TWO+ HISPANIC ELEMENTARY Race and Hispanic Origin Distribution: 2000 (cont’d.) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3.

  23. Delaware 5.2 7.3 7.2 5.5 6.0 10.5 6.7 District of Columbia 2.0 6.3 4.6 3.3 4.9 5.0 6.2 Maryland 5.4 7.3 7.6 6.2 7.6 8.5 7.1 Virginia 5.2 WHITE 7.1 AIAN 5.9 BLACK 6.0 7.2 ASIAN 8.0 NHOPI 6.7 TWO+ HISPANIC HIGH SCHOOL Race and Hispanic Origin Distribution: 2000 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3.

  24. Kentucky 5.6 7.7 5.7 5.1 7.0 7.8 6.1 North Carolina 4.8 7.2 7.0 6.5 8.4 6.5 4.9 Ohio 5.7 7.3 6.6 5.4 5.7 8.1 7.9 West Virginia WHITE 5.3 6.5 AIAN 6.6 BLACK 5.7 ASIAN 13.4 NHOPI 8.0 6.0 TWO+ HISPANIC HIGH SCHOOL Race and Hispanic Origin Distribution: 2000 (cont’d.) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3.

  25. Delaware 6.6 7.1 6.2 10.9 29.9 8.2 5.2 District of Columbia 17.3 6.8 11.6 25.0 25.8 13.0 8.6 Maryland 6.2 7.7 7.7 13.2 10.6 9.0 7.3 Virginia 6.3 WHITE 6.6 AIAN 7.8 BLACK 12.1 ASIAN 12.6 NHOPI 9.6 6.8 TWO+ HISPANIC COLLEGE Race and Hispanic Origin Distribution: 2000 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3.

  26. Kentucky 5.1 6.7 7.3 14.6 4.8 6.1 5.3 5.7 North Carolina 6.6 4.8 11.9 12.0 8.0 4.1 5.7 6.4 Ohio 7.3 16.9 12.2 7.6 6.7 5.0 8.4 8.3 WHITE West Virginia 22.9 AIAN 8.0 BLACK 7.9 9.4 ASIAN NHOPI TWO+ HISPANIC COLLEGE Race and Hispanic Origin Distribution: 2000 (cont’d.) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3.

  27. 1990 and Census 2000Comparability Major Changes • Respondents allowed to report more than one race • 1990 Asian and Pacific Islander category split into two categories • Question placement (Hispanic question before race question in Census 2000) • Question wording

  28. Census 2000Data on Race, Hispanic Origin, and Ancestry For more information, please contact the -- Ethnic & Hispanic Statistics Branch Population Division U.S. Census Bureau Washington, DC 20233 301-763-2403 Racial Statistics Branch Population Division U.S. Census Bureau Washington, DC 20233 301-763-2402 or

  29. CENSUS 2000 DATA AND HOW WE CAN USE IT Claudette Bennett Population Division U.S. Census Bureau January 2003