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CENSUS 2000 DATA AND HOW WE CAN USE IT Claudette Bennett Population Division U.S. Census Bureau January 2003 Census 2000 Question on Hispanic Origin Census 2000 Question on Race Six Race “Alone” Categories White Black or African American American Indian and Alaska Native Asian

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census 2000 data and how we can use it
CENSUS 2000 DATA AND HOW WE CAN USE IT

Claudette Bennett

Population Division

U.S. Census Bureau

January 2003

six race alone categories
Six Race “Alone” Categories
  • White
  • Black or African American
  • American Indian and Alaska Native
  • Asian
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
  • Some other race
race alone and race in combination
Race Alone and Race in Combination
  • Race alone

Respondents who reported only one race

  • Race in combination

Respondents who reported two or more races

  • Race alone or in combination

Respondents who reported one race, plus those who reported that race in combination with at least one other race

race and hispanic tabulation categories
Race and Hispanic Tabulation Categories

7 mutually exclusive racial categories

  • White alone
  • Black or African American alone
  • American Indian & Alaska Native alone
  • Asian alone
  • Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander alone
  • Some other race alone
  • Two or more races

Hispanic or Latino

  • White alone, not Hispanic or Latino
diversity
Diversity

The Census Bureau does not have an official definition for “minority”

One way to measure the Nation’s diversity is to combine both Hispanic Origin and Race

• White Not Hispanic

• All other race and Hispanic or Latino groups

growing diversity
Growing Diversity

White Not Hispanic Population

  • Still the largest population group, but it’s growing slowly
  • 1990: 188.1 million or 76% of the total population
  • Up 6.4 million -- an increase of 3% since 1990
  • 2000: 194.6 million or 69% of the total population
growing diversity cont d
Growing Diversity (cont’d.)

All other race and Hispanic or Latino Groups

  • Still less than one-third of the population, but growing rapidly
  • 1990: 60.6 million or 24% of the total population
  • Up 26.3 million -- an increase of 43% since 1990
  • 2000: 86.9 million or 31% of the total population
slide10

United States

75.1

12.3

Delaware

74.6

19.2

DC

30.8

60.0

Kentucky

90.1

7.3

Maryland

64.0

27.9

North Carolina

72.1

21.6

Ohio

85.0

11.5

Virginia

72.3

19.6

West Virginia

95.0

3.2

Two or more races

SOR alone

Black alone

Asian alone

White alone

AIAN alone

NHOPI alone

RACE DISTRIBUTION: 2000

(US, 8 States)

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1.

slide11

22.9

21.3

19.2

15.8

14.9

12.8

12.5

4.8

0.7

United

Delaware

DC

Kentucky

Maryland

North

Ohio

Virginia

West

States

Carolina

Virginia

Percent Hispanic: 2000

(any race)

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1.

slide12

0.1

75.1

12.3

0.9

3.6

5.5

2.4

United States

0.4

0.0

19.2

2.1

2.0

1.7

74.6

Delaware

0.3

0.1

60.0

2.7

3.8

2.4

30.8

DC

0.3

0.0

Maryland

27.9

4.0

1.8

2.0

64.0

0.3

0.1

Virginia

19.6

3.7

2.0

2.0

72.3

Asian alone

Black alone

SOR alone

NHOPI alone

Two or more races

AIAN alone

Distribution of Non-White Race Groups: 2000

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1.

slide13

United States

0.1

12.3

0.9

3.6

5.5

2.4

Kentucky

75.1

0.2

0.0

7.3

0.7

0.6

1.1

90.1

0.0

21.6

1.2

1.4

2.3

1.3

72.1

North Carolina

0.2

0.0

11.5

1.2

0.8

1.4

85.0

0.0

3.2

0.2

0.5

0.2

0.9

95.0

Ohio

West Virginia

Asian alone

Black alone

SOR alone

NHOPI alone

Two or more races

AIAN alone

Distribution of Non-White Race Groups: 2000 (cont’d.)

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1.

slide14

64.1

62.7

60.9

60.5

60.0

57.8

55.7

55.0

54.4

39.9

29.0

27.0

23.3

22.2

17.1

15.4

14.3

14.2

13.9

11.5

4.8

4.5

4.1

3.5

3.1

2.5

2.1

2.2

2.0

1.6

United States

Delaware

DC

Maryland

Virginia

White

Black

AIAN

Asian

NHOPI

SOR

Percent of Race Groups

“In Combination”: 2000

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1.

slide15

67.8

66.1

64.9

60.6

54.9

54.4

53.8

53.5

44.3

39.9

31.1

28.9

24.4

20.5

19.7

17.1

17.0

16.5

16.4

13.9

8.9

5.1

5.2

4.8

2.5

2.2

1.4

1.4

1.0

0.8

United States

Kentucky

North Carolina

Ohio

West Virginia

White

Black

AIAN

Asian

NHOPI

SOR

Percent of Race Groups

“In Combination”: 2000 (cont’d.)

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1.

slide16

32.3

25.4

24.1

23.2

20.1

19.5

18.6

18.2

17.2

17.2

15.9

15.1

12.7

12.6

12.5

12.4

12.3

11.5

10.5

10.3

10.0

9.8

9.8

6.1

6.0

United States

Delaware

District of Columbia

Maryland

Virginia

White; SOR

White; AIAN

White; Asian

White; Black

Black; SOR

Black; AIAN

Top 5 Race Combinations: 2000

(US, 8 States)

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1.

slide17

37.8

32.3

30.3

27.8

26.3

26.1

21.9

21.7

18.8

18.1

16.4

15.9

14.5

12.7

11.5

11.7

11.4

11.1

10.8

10.7

6.1

5.9

4.9

2.8

2.3

Kentucky

United States

North Carolina

Ohio

West Virginia

White; SOR

White; AIAN

White; Asian

White; Black

Black; SOR

Black; AIAN

White; Black; AIAN

Top 5 Race Combinations: 2000 (cont’d.)

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 1.

school enrollment by race and hispanic origin
School Enrollment by Race and Hispanic Origin

The following slides will present school enrollment by race and Hispanic origin

for selected states.

slide19

1.3

4.2

3.1

3.6

1.5

7.0

5.4

0.5

3.7

3.7

1.7

4.9

3.4

3.8

1.3

3.8

2.9

3.1

2.9

6.7

4.2

1.3

3.9

3.4

WHITE

3.0

AIAN

3.4

BLACK

6.4

4.3

ASIAN

NHOPI

TWO+

HISPANIC

PRE-SCHOOL

Race and Hispanic Origin Distribution: 2000

Delaware

District of Columbia

Maryland

Virginia

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3.

slide20

Kentucky

1.4

4.3

2.4

3.6

1.7

7.7

4.1

North Carolina

1.3

4.1

3.4

3.5

3.0

7.2

3.9

Ohio

1.4

4.5

2.9

3.6

4.5

7.6

5.2

West Virginia

1.3

3.5

2.5

3.1

5.4

WHITE

5.8

AIAN

4.2

BLACK

ASIAN

NHOPI

TWO+

HISPANIC

PRE-SCHOOL

Race and Hispanic Origin Distribution: 2000

(cont’d.)

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3.

slide21

10.7

Delaware

15.7

13.7

10.2

4.5

20.6

16.8

District of Columbia

4.2

12.9

10.9

4.2

16.2

10.0

10.7

Maryland

11.4

15.1

11.4

11.0

9.6

19.5

14.6

10.8

Virginia

WHITE

14.9

AIAN

10.4

BLACK

10.9

ASIAN

9.7

NHOPI

19.2

13.9

TWO+

HISPANIC

ELEMENTARY

Race and Hispanic Origin Distribution: 2000

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3.

slide22

11.5

15.0

11.6

11.4

Kentucky

12.6

18.8

13.8

10.5

15.3

14.9

12.6

North Carolina

11.8

19.0

13.2

11.7

16.4

12.5

10.4

Ohio

14.3

21.3

17.2

10.5

12.8

11.1

West Virginia

WHITE

10.0

11.5

AIAN

17.7

BLACK

15.5

ASIAN

NHOPI

TWO+

HISPANIC

ELEMENTARY

Race and Hispanic Origin Distribution: 2000

(cont’d.)

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3.

slide23

Delaware

5.2

7.3

7.2

5.5

6.0

10.5

6.7

District of Columbia

2.0

6.3

4.6

3.3

4.9

5.0

6.2

Maryland

5.4

7.3

7.6

6.2

7.6

8.5

7.1

Virginia

5.2

WHITE

7.1

AIAN

5.9

BLACK

6.0

7.2

ASIAN

8.0

NHOPI

6.7

TWO+

HISPANIC

HIGH SCHOOL

Race and Hispanic Origin Distribution: 2000

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3.

slide24

Kentucky

5.6

7.7

5.7

5.1

7.0

7.8

6.1

North Carolina

4.8

7.2

7.0

6.5

8.4

6.5

4.9

Ohio

5.7

7.3

6.6

5.4

5.7

8.1

7.9

West Virginia

WHITE

5.3

6.5

AIAN

6.6

BLACK

5.7

ASIAN

13.4

NHOPI

8.0

6.0

TWO+

HISPANIC

HIGH SCHOOL

Race and Hispanic Origin Distribution: 2000

(cont’d.)

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3.

slide25

Delaware

6.6

7.1

6.2

10.9

29.9

8.2

5.2

District of Columbia

17.3

6.8

11.6

25.0

25.8

13.0

8.6

Maryland

6.2

7.7

7.7

13.2

10.6

9.0

7.3

Virginia

6.3

WHITE

6.6

AIAN

7.8

BLACK

12.1

ASIAN

12.6

NHOPI

9.6

6.8

TWO+

HISPANIC

COLLEGE

Race and Hispanic Origin Distribution: 2000

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3.

slide26

Kentucky

5.1

6.7

7.3

14.6

4.8

6.1

5.3

5.7

North Carolina

6.6

4.8

11.9

12.0

8.0

4.1

5.7

6.4

Ohio

7.3

16.9

12.2

7.6

6.7

5.0

8.4

8.3

WHITE

West Virginia

22.9

AIAN

8.0

BLACK

7.9

9.4

ASIAN

NHOPI

TWO+

HISPANIC

COLLEGE

Race and Hispanic Origin Distribution: 2000

(cont’d.)

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3.

1990 and census 2000 comparability
1990 and Census 2000Comparability

Major Changes

  • Respondents allowed to report more than one race
  • 1990 Asian and Pacific Islander category split into two categories
  • Question placement (Hispanic question before race question in Census 2000)
  • Question wording
census 2000 data on race hispanic origin and ancestry
Census 2000Data on Race, Hispanic Origin, and Ancestry

For more information, please contact the --

Ethnic & Hispanic Statistics Branch

Population Division

U.S. Census Bureau

Washington, DC 20233

301-763-2403

Racial Statistics Branch

Population Division

U.S. Census Bureau

Washington, DC 20233

301-763-2402

or

census 2000 data and how we can use it29
CENSUS 2000 DATA AND HOW WE CAN USE IT

Claudette Bennett

Population Division

U.S. Census Bureau

January 2003