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MCIC Workshop 2012 Complying with NC Air Quality Regulations Boiler MACT/GACT and 112j. Steve Schliesser Division of Air Quality Environmental Engineer March 2012. Topics to be Covered. Background - EPA Boiler MACT and GACT Effects of Vacatur on EPA Stay of Boiler Rules

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mcic workshop 2012 complying with nc air quality regulations boiler mact gact and 112j
MCIC Workshop 2012 Complying with NC Air Quality RegulationsBoiler MACT/GACT and 112j
  • Steve Schliesser
  • Division of Air Quality
  • Environmental Engineer
  • March 2012
topics to be covered
Topics to be Covered
  • Background - EPA Boiler MACT and GACT
  • Effects of Vacatur on EPA Stay of Boiler Rules
  • Current vs. Proposed 5D Boiler MACT
  • Current vs. Proposed 6J Boiler GACT
background on epa boiler mact rules
Background on EPA Boiler MACT Rules
  • Clean Air Act Requires National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAP)
    • Maximum Achievable Control Standards (MACTs) for major facilities emitting one HAP > 10 ton/yr or multiple HAPS > 25 ton/yr
    • Generally Available Control Standards (GACTs) for non-major facilities
boiler mact impact in north carolina
Boiler MACT Impact in North Carolina
  • Affects 98 facilities and ~1,000 boilers
  • All but one facility has 112(j) permit, shielding MACT compliance up to 8 yrs (2018/2019)
  • NC has 2nd highest projected cost impact from Boiler MACT -- > $1 billion
boiler mact rulemaking process timetable
Boiler MACT Rulemaking Process Timetable

EPA Proposed Rule in Jan 2003

EPA Promulgated Final Rule in Sept 2004

U.S. Court Vacated and Remanded Final Rule in June 2007

EPA Proposed Rule in June 2010

U.S. Court Denied EPA Time-Extension Request in Jan 2011

EPA Promulgated Final Rule in March 2011

EPA Stayed Effective Date of Final Rule in May 2011

EPA Proposed Amendments to Final Rule in Dec 2011

U.S. Court Vacated EPA Stay in Jan 2012

EPA Expects to Promulgate Final Rule by May 2012

recently re proposed boiler mact bm
Recently (Re)Proposed Boiler MACT (BM)

EPA stayed March Boiler MACT final rule in May 2011

U.S. Court vacated EPA stay in Jan 2012

- EPA had authority, just did not follow procedure

Slight national impact, but one NC facility with huge impact -- lost 112(j) permit since rule’s restored effective date occurred before permit was issued

DAQ submitted comments on re-proposal in Feb 2012

EPA expects to finalize Boiler MACT in May 2012

slide7
MACT procedure sets bar of top 12% -- for each boiler type/fuel sub-category and each HAP -- for others to meet

Re-proposal offer more flexibility, less cost impact, with offsetting increases/decreases in HAP emissions

Highlights of proposed changes

Added new sub-categories for total of 19

New and alternative HAP emissions limits

New work practice standards and provisions

Recently (Re)Proposed Boiler MACT

proposed changes to final march 2011 boiler mact
Proposed Changes to Final March 2011 Boiler MACT
  • New subcategories for light and heavy industrial fuel oil toreflect boiler design disparity and improve achievability.
  • New emissions limits for PM specific for each solid fuel (biomass, coal) to reflect actual differences.
  • Alternative total selective metals emission limits in addition to using PM as surrogate, improving flexibility.
  • New CO emissions limits and averaging time with new data showing high variability in short- and long-term measurements.
  • Replace dioxin emission limits with work practice standards givenmostdata were below detection.
  • Removed PM CEMS requirements for biomass units given variability in PM characteristics
mact floor methodology
MACT Floor Methodology
  • Pool of top performers (average of top 12%) will set MACT floor for each sub-category

- Review MACT floor pool test reports for valid data

- Finding invalid data or re-categorizing will produce another pool and MACT floor

  • Account for performance variability of top 12%;

- previously variability factor ranged from of 3-10.

  • MACT emission limit = Floor average * Variability factor
slide10

Short List of Boiler MACT

Emission Standards for Existing Units

slide11

Boiler MACT

Particulate Matter Emission Limits

why mercury limit high for existing liquid fuel oil boilers
Why Mercury Limit High forExisting Liquid Fuel Oil Boilers?
  • MACT floor based on 10 sources burning 2, 4, 6, recycle oil
  • Fuel oil floor avg = 0.37 lb/TBtu, MACT limit = 26

- Variability factor = 70, outside normal range of 3-10

  • Solid fuel floor avg = 0.40, MACT limit = 3.1

- Variability factor = 8, within normal range of 3-10

  • Previous MACT fuel oil limits = 3.5 – 4.0
  • Mercury in virgin fuel oil -- <1.0 lb/TBtu
  • Of 71 fuel oil sources for which EPA has data,

only 4 would reduce mercury emissions.

re proposed boiler gact
(Re)Proposed Boiler GACT
  • GACT procedure uses generally available (not maximum achievable) control technologies or management practices
  • Re-proposal eases burden without changing emissions, costs, benefits
  • Affects 300 permitted facilities and 600 boilers in NC
  • > 90% burn gas, oil, or biomass will conduct only periodic tune-ups and some perform one-time energy assessment
  • Remaining that burn coal must meet mercury and CO limits.
  • Delay March 2012 tune-up deadline 1-year until March 2013.

- EPA no-action-assurance memo delays tune-up deadline til Oct 2012

boiler gact emission and work practice standards

For more details see http://www.epa.gov/airquality/combustion/docs/20111202asboilersfs.pdf

Boiler GACT Emission and Work Practice Standards
boiler mact and gact future schedule
Boiler MACT and GACT Future Schedule
  • Rules promulgated (3rd time) in May 2012
  • Effective 60 days after Fed Reg publication (~July ‘12)
  • Expect litigation, possibly from both sides
  • Compliance date for 112(j) permitted facilities :
    • May be > MACT rule compliance date (~July ‘15)
    • Must be within a reasonable period of time; and
    • Cannot exceed 8 years from (last) promulgation date.
daq comment on epa neshap rules
DAQ Comment on EPA NESHAP Rules
  • EPA submittals on Boiler MACT, GACT, CISWI and Non Hazardous Solid Waste Definition
  • Focus on implementation, compatibility, and program management issues
  • Few comments helped to effect rule changes
  • Sent NACAA letter stating their comments do not reflect DAQ interests and concerns
questions
Questions?

Steve Schliesser

Environmental Engineer

919-707-8701

Steve.Schliesser@ncdenr.gov

http://www.ncair.org/

EPA boiler rules website: http://www.epa.gov/airquality/combustion/index.html

EPA Boiler MACT docket, go to www.regulations.gov

then enter EPA–HQ–OAR–2002–0058