Loading in 2 Seconds...
Loading in 2 Seconds...
DAAD PHD PROPOSAL WRITING WORKSHOP 28TH APRIL 2011 ICIPE, NAIROBI . INSTRUCTOR: PROF. J. M. MWABORA. PHYSICS GROUP. Thesis Research Proposal. The quality of a thesis research proposal depends not only on the quality of the proposed project, but also on the quality of the proposal writing.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
INSTRUCTOR: PROF. J. M. MWABORA
Proposal writing for Research work seminar course given to M.Sc and PhD students in the Department of Physics, University of Nairobi about to embark in thesis proposal writing with permission from Dr. H. A. Angeyo.
"Write unto others as you would be written to."
This rule lies on the importance of accuracy, clarity, realistic self-appraisal, methodical presentation, and clear speaking.
10 – 18 pg double spaced text for a PhD, refs and figs in addition.
As long as
Brief statement of topic, procedure, and the projected outcome.
Should include the research question, the rationale for the study, the hypothesis (if any), the method and the main findings.
Descriptions of the method may include the design, procedures, the sample and any instruments that will be used.
Typically one to two paragraphs in length
Should be written after completion of rest of the proposal
Summarises the main elements of the research.
The longest abstract should be about 300 words
This work reports the use of X-ray spectrometry (XRS) allied to chemometric techniques to easily distinguish types of Portland cements, as well as to quantify some of their constituent elements. The samples were irradiated as powders for 200 s using two distinct irradiation conditions, one more adequate for heavier elements (condition 1) and the other (condition 2) for lighter elements, using a conventional bench top energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) equipment. The spectra were processed via the software The Unscrambler, version 9.2. The PLS 1 LV1TLV2 scores graph shows a classification into five groups, in accordance with the calcium concentration, using condition 2. The classification of the cements by producer was feasible using the PLS1 LV1TLV3 scores graph, with condition 1. The elements Ca, Si, Al and Mg were successfully quantified using multivariate calibration of the whole spectra. However, for Fe, S and K, better results were obtained by correlating their corresponding Ka peaks with concentrations in a univariate procedure, using irradiation condition 2. Chemometric tools allied to XRS are powerful techniques to classify Portland cements, regarding to their origins and their calcium concentration, which is related to the cement type. The PLS chemometric tool was very useful to easily quantify light elements, such as Al, Si and Mg, a challenge in most X-ray analytical methods, since their Ka emission peaks are very close to each other.
Can be provided in several ways.
Shows the candidate’s ability to critically evaluate relevant literature information.
Indicates the candidate’s ability to integrate and synthesize the existing literature.
Provides new theoretical insights or develops a new model as the conceptual framework for the candidate’s research.
Convinces the reader that the proposed research will make a significant contribution to the literature (i.e., resolving an important theoretical issue or filling a major gap in the literature).
Sum up the literature review with statement(s) indicating the "missing gap“ in the work of other authors and thus a justification of your proposed work (i.e., the need for more investigation)
This is the heart of the proposal
This element identifies the nature of the problems that the project will solve (not symptoms).
Should be unique i.e., what gap are you trying to fill?
At this stage, indicate the pressing need for the project and link this need with experience, activities, or history of the research area/your organization.
(Specify the limit/confinement (SCOPE) here)
When the project is completed, what will the results be?
The objectives should be concrete, attainable results that can be measured.
(Do not make promises you cannot afford to keep).
List the results as primary and secondary objectives
Primary objectives are major goals (General Objective(s)
Secondary objectives are specifics of (a)primary goal(s)
The methods that the candidate intends to develop or employ and their justification.
More than a description of the techniques or procedures
Tells how the candidate plans to tackle their research problem.
Provides work plan and describes the activities for the project
Outlines the key assumptions the research approach makes
May foreshadow some of the ‘methodological issues’ which are anticipated to arise in the research
If a quantitative study is planned, the candidate will refer to method, data collection and analysis
An action methodology needs the planning of a process and the outcomes of the different phases
Good research proposal should demonstrate an awareness of the methodological tools available to candidate and show some understanding of which would be suitable for the research
This part normally encompasses:
Discussion: Convinceson the potential impact of candidate’s proposed research. Should communicate a sense of enthusiasm and confidence without exaggerating the merits of proposal.
Mention the limitations and weaknesses of the proposed research.
Significance: Predicts the significance of the study and expected outcomes. These should relate closely to objectives.
Summary: This section is meant to remind the reader of the main goals of the research. Thus should briefly review research objectives and the methods that will be used to meet objectives.