What geographical region was settled by English, Dutch, and German speaking immigrants?
ANSWER! Middle Colonies: New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware
What geographical region was settled by Puritans seeking religious freedom?
ANSWER! New England: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut
What geographical region was settled by people seeking economic opportunities?
ANSWER! Southern Colonies Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia
In what geographical region is Virginia located?
ANSWER! Virginia is part of the Southern Colonies
What region developed large plantations along the coast that grew “cash crops” such as tobacco, rice, and indigo.
ANSWER! Southern Colonies
What region developed an economy based on shipbuilding, fishing, lumbering small-scale subsistence farming, and eventually manufacturing?
Answer! New England
What region developed economies based on shipbuilding, small-scale farming, and trading?
ANSWER! Middle Colonies
Why is Florida NOT considered one of the original 13 colonies?
ANSWER! Florida was claimed by Spain and therefore NOT a part of the original 13 English colonies (see larger map below)
What New England colony was founded by dissenters fleeing persecution by Puritans in Massachusetts?
ANSWER! Rhode Island
What middle colony included the Quakers?
ANSWER! Pennsylvania (Hint: remember the Quaker, William Penn)
What colony was founded as a refuge (safe place) for Catholics?
ANSWER! Maryland (Hint: remember Lord Baltimore Calvert and associate it with Baltimore, Maryland)
What region had a social structure based on religious standing?
ANSWER! New England (Hint: Remember the Puritans settled in Massachusetts, where religion was most important)
What region had the most flexible social structure and began to develop a middle class of skilled artisans, entrepreneurs, and small farmers?
ANSWER! Middle Colonies (Hint: Pennsylvania was known as the “best poor man’s country” because even the poorest man could make a living)
What region maintained an allegiance to the Church of England and closer social ties to England than the other colonies?
ANSWER! Southern Colonies
In what colony would you find the first elected assembly in the New World?
What was the first elected assembly in the New World?
ANSWER! Virginia House of Burgesses Established in 1640s, it has operated continuously and is today known as the General Assembly of Virginia
Who were Indentured Servants? ANSWER! Poor English, Scottish, or Irish immigrants who agreed to work on plantations for a period of time to pay for passage to the New World
What did it mean when servants “Indentured” themselves?
ANSWER! An “Indenture” is basically a contract to work for a period of time. Both the servant and his/her master would sign it. (Hint: See servant William Buckland’s name on the indenture to the left)
In what geographical region would you find slaves?
ANSWER! The Southern Colonies
Where did the Southern Colonies get slaves?
Where did the Southern Colonies get slaves? ANSWER! Slaves were forcibly brought from Africa, a brutal journey known as the “Middle Passage” “MIDDLE PASSAGE”
Why were Africans brought to the Southern Colonies?
ANSWER! The first Africans were brought to Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619 to work on tobacco plantations.
If both groups of people worked on plantations, what is the difference between Indentured Servants and Slaves?
ANSWER! Indentured Servants came willingly from Europe to work for a period of time by contract, and hope for better life for children while Slaves were brought against their will from Africa and worked for life, and status was passed on to children