OBJECTIVES Passivevoicepast and present simple review Passivevoice in presentcontinuous Pre ICFES Listening Homework worksheet and page 38 Student’sbook.
A sad story… • Last week I found a great apartment. The rent was reasonable. That’s why… Page 2
The next day I was thrown out of it! Page 4
Active or passive • I threw a party the other night. (active) meaning: I did something. • I was thrown out of it. (passive) meaning: Something was done to me. Page 5
Use • The passive is more common in written than spoken English. It sounds formal and impersonal, and for that reason is often used in: • reports of crimes or legal procedures – He was sentenced to two years in prison. • newspaper reports – The match was postponed due to a heavy fog. • scientific writing – Three millilitres of water are added to the mixture. • announcements – Flight BA 302 to London is delayed by two hours. • notices – Customers are requested not to smoke. Page 6
Use • In everyday situations we use it when we do not know or care who performs the action. In other words, the passive is used when we are more interested in what happens to a thing or a person. • Nevertheless, it is not unusual to mention the ‘actual doer’ in a passive sentence. In that case we put them at the end of the sentence after the preposition by: • “Great expectations” was written by Charles Dickens. • “Star wars” was directed byGeorge Lucas. Page 7
PASSIVE VOICE • Chimpanzee / call / Bubbles • It / own / John Peterson • It / keep / house • It / love / everybody in the family • It / feed / three times a day • It / always dress / funny clothes • It / take to the vet / once a month • It / look after / John’s sister while John / be away
Sara Ford kidnapped / yesterday. Threatening calls made / before. Sarah seen / last / park. Same day / letter sent. Sarah released / as soon as / kidnappers given $300,000 Police informed / immediately. All areas searched / yesterday. Nothing found .
Tornado Rips Through Oklahoma – Kills 5 people A tornado ripped through a northwestern Oklahoma town Saturday. The tornado killed at least 5 people. The tornado killed a man and his two daughters: ages 5 & 7. The tornado destroyed the trailer park where they lived. The other victims were another man and his 10 year-old daughter who lived in a town about 2 miles away. And a helicopter flew another man to a nearby hospital in Texas.
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passive/exercises?present-progressivehttp://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passive/exercises?present-progressive http://first-english.org/english_learning/english_active_passive/82_passive_present_continuous_exercises.htm http://www.grammarbank.com/present-continuous-passive.html
PRE ICFES http://englishaula.com/en/pet-exam-reading-cambridge-preliminary-english-test-video-lessons-practice-tests-exercises.php LISTENING http://www.lyricsgaps.com/exercises/view/1268/Beginner
Tornado Rips Through Oklahoma – Kills 5 people A tornado ripped through a northwestern Oklahoma town Saturday. At least 5 people were killed. A man and his two daughters: ages 5 & 7 were killed. The trailer park where they lived was destroyed. The other victims were another man and his 10 year-old daughter who lived in a town about 2 miles away. And another man was flown by helicopter to a nearby hospital in Texas.