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Absolute Monarchs in Europe, 1500-1800. Spain’s Empire and European Absolutism. Spain’s Powerful Empire. Philip II becomes king of Spain, the wealthiest, most powerful nation in Europe He defends Roman Catholicism against Protestantism and Islam

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absolute monarchs in europe 1500 1800

Absolute Monarchs in Europe, 1500-1800

Spain’s Empire and European Absolutism

spain s powerful empire
Spain’s Powerful Empire
  • Philip II becomes king of Spain, the wealthiest, most powerful nation in Europe
  • He defends Roman Catholicism against Protestantism and Islam
  • Spanish riches help stimulate a golden age in the arts
problems weaken the spanish empire
Problems Weaken the Spanish Empire
  • Spain’s economy weakened due to inflation, noble’s not having to pay taxes, and spending too much money on imports
  • The Dutch revolt and break away from Spain to form a new nation
the independent dutch prosper
The Independent Dutch Prosper
  • Had religious tolerance
  • Dutch traders make the Netherlands a center of European trade & banking
  • Dutch art flourishes in a climate of prosperity
absolutism in europe
Absolutism in Europe
  • Absolute Monarchs: kings or queens who wanted all the power
  • They believe in divine right: the idea that God created the monarchy and that the monarch acted as God’s representative on earth
  • Centralized authority, colonial wealth, and warfare and unrest fuel the growth of absolute rule
group activity
Group Activity
  • Create an annotated brochure or poster promoting Spain or the Netherlands in the 1600s.
  • Include the attractions of life in that country, such as economic life, politics, art and culture, geography and resources, and social trends.
  • As always, creativity and neatness count.