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Fungi are “Fun Guys!”

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  1. Breast Cancer Awareness Day??? http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://cdbaby.name/c/l/clownvomit.jpg&imgrefurl=http://cdbaby.com/cd/clownvomit&h=200&w=200&sz=49&hl=en&start=2&tbnid=OS6RhSsjyh9IlM:&tbnh=104&tbnw=104&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dregurgitation%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN Fungi are “Fun Guys!” http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.subter.com/is/wp-content/uploads/2007/09/ascomycetes.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.subter.com/is/%3Fp%3D341&h=341&w=500&sz=132&hl=en&start=5&um=1&tbnid=4zcgk7PTJFBVJM:&tbnh=89&tbnw=130&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dascomycetes%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den

  2. http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://img297.imageshack.us/img297/5720/ppraynxjkt4fcddenu0.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.random-good-stuff.com/2007/07/12/mexicans-grow-massive-mushroom-novelty-umbrellas/&h=240&w=238&sz=30&hl=en&start=65&tbnid=f-nkFWa-oFhcGM:&tbnh=110&tbnw=109&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfun%2Bfungi%26start%3D60%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DNhttp://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://img297.imageshack.us/img297/5720/ppraynxjkt4fcddenu0.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.random-good-stuff.com/2007/07/12/mexicans-grow-massive-mushroom-novelty-umbrellas/&h=240&w=238&sz=30&hl=en&start=65&tbnid=f-nkFWa-oFhcGM:&tbnh=110&tbnw=109&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfun%2Bfungi%26start%3D60%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN Traits common to all Fungi (why they get their own Kingdom) • Heterotrophic • Filamentous bodies • Cell walls containing chitin • Decomposers, THANK Goodness!!! • Most: multicellular (ex.?), non-motile http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a1/Edible_Fungi.jpg/790px-Edible_Fungi.jpg&imgrefurl=http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Edible_Fungi.jpg&h=599&w=790&sz=204&hl=en&start=20&tbnid=1udRwQaoS7jLNM:&tbnh=108&tbnw=143&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfungi%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den

  3. http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://waynesword.palomar.edu/images/armila2.jpg&imgrefurl=http://waynesword.palomar.edu/ww0601.htm&h=224&w=298&sz=28&hl=en&start=26&um=1&tbnid=fEEfCqgwe1uxIM:&tbnh=87&tbnw=116&prev=/images%3Fq%3DArmillaria%2Bbulbosa%26start%3D20%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DNhttp://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://waynesword.palomar.edu/images/armila2.jpg&imgrefurl=http://waynesword.palomar.edu/ww0601.htm&h=224&w=298&sz=28&hl=en&start=26&um=1&tbnid=fEEfCqgwe1uxIM:&tbnh=87&tbnw=116&prev=/images%3Fq%3DArmillaria%2Bbulbosa%26start%3D20%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN Fungi Nutrition • Sx for nutrition • Hyphae – threadlike filaments • Basic unit of sx of funit • Mycelium • tangled web of hyphae • External (extracellular) digestion (vomit to eat) • Secrete . . . . • Absorb . . . . Cover 2000 acres of forest 1500-2400 years old

  4. Fungi Reproduction • Reproductive Organs • The mushroom YOU eat • Asexual • Fragmentation/budding • Spores by mitosis • Spore is a reproductive cell that can develop into a new organism • Budding in Yeast (What m process occurs?) • Sexual • Hyphae fuse (spores from two genetically different nuclei) (What m process occurs?)

  5. Fungi Reprodution Cont. http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://academic.kellogg.cc.mi.us/herbrandsonc/bio111/images/fungi/fungi.1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://academic.kellogg.cc.mi.us/herbrandsonc/bio111/fungi.htm&h=566&w=493&sz=50&hl=en&start=4&um=1&tbnid=y57jgSlLqdqpjM:&tbnh=134&tbnw=117&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfungi%2Breproduction%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN

  6. Stop note taking for a while . . . Enjoy the ride 

  7. Types of Hyphae • Stolons – on the surface of host • Example – bread mold • Rhizoids – anchor stolons • Haustoria – penetrate host for direct absorbtion • Hyphae without septa – no cell wall • Hyphae with septa – cell walls between cells http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.rogers.k12.ar.us/users/ehutches/hypha1.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.rogers.k12.ar.us/users/ehutches/2fungi.phtml&usg=__fA2RFGCTZSTg-0MHSa0-2gAFrTs=&h=155&w=434&sz=32&hl=en&start=4&um=1&tbnid=xncdH9vkDRMMnM:&tbnh=45&tbnw=126&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dhyphae%2Bwith%2Bsepta%2Bhyphae%2Bwithout%2Bsepta%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den

  8. http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://bionerds.freeservers.com/images/book_fungi_phylogeny.jpg&imgrefurl=http://bionerds.freeservers.com/catalog.html&h=413&w=383&sz=56&hl=en&start=41&um=1&tbnid=siSH0cIfy5Q9fM:&tbnh=125&tbnw=116&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dthree%2Bsexually%2Breproducing%2Bphyla%2Bof%2Bfungi%26start%3D40%26ndsp%3D20%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DNhttp://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://bionerds.freeservers.com/images/book_fungi_phylogeny.jpg&imgrefurl=http://bionerds.freeservers.com/catalog.html&h=413&w=383&sz=56&hl=en&start=41&um=1&tbnid=siSH0cIfy5Q9fM:&tbnh=125&tbnw=116&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dthree%2Bsexually%2Breproducing%2Bphyla%2Bof%2Bfungi%26start%3D40%26ndsp%3D20%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN Three (4) Phyla of Fungi - catagorized by their type of sexual reproduction • Zygomycota • Ascomycota • Basidiomycota • (Deuteromycete) • No sexual reproduction Do not need to record following pages, obtain 1 example and one fact for each of the fungi phyla.

  9. Jason's Bread Mold • Zygomycetes • Zygosporangia is the sexual sx • Although asexual repro more common • Mycelia on surface are stolons • Hyphae that anchor the stolons are rhizoids • Hyphae have no walls • Ex. Black bread mold http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.moldbacteria.com/Ryebread2.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.moldbacteria.com/newsletters/2005/sep2005.html&h=186&w=200&sz=34&hl=en&start=2&um=1&tbnid=naNE3v7x29z9UM:&tbnh=97&tbnw=104&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dbread%2Bmold%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://cache.eb.com/eb/image%3Fid%3D59223%26rendTypeId%3D4&imgrefurl=http://www.britannica.com/eb/art-75116/Bread-mold-fungus-showing-the-sporangi-that-bear-sporangiospores&h=300&w=293&sz=54&hl=en&start=1&um=1&tbnid=mW9eyOX4JQoGVM:&tbnh=116&tbnw=113&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dbread%2Bmold%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den http://www.davidlnelson.md/Cazadero/CazImages/Common_mold_Rhizopus.jpg

  10. Ascomycetes • Sexual reproductive sx is ascus • Via meiosis haploid spores form in • Hyphae divided by walls (septa) • Ex.: Cup fungi, yeast, truffles http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.davidlnelson.md/Cazadero/CazImages/Ascomycetes.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.davidlnelson.md/Cazadero/Fungi.htm&h=526&w=405&sz=45&hl=en&start=6&um=1&tbnid=VJ139Y_9lXw46M:&tbnh=132&tbnw=102&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dascomycetes%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den

  11. Basidiomycetes What you know as “mushrooms” Deuteromycetes http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://io.uwinnipeg.ca/~simmons/16cm05/1116/31-11-Basidiomycetes.jpg&imgrefurl=http://io.uwinnipeg.ca/~simmons/16cm05/1116/16fungi.htm&h=510&w=760&sz=90&hl=en&start=1&um=1&tbnid=2Jh7_SsHYTnoWM:&tbnh=95&tbnw=142&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dbasidiomycetes%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den http://www.bioweb.uncc.edu/1110Lab/notes/notes1/labpics/Penicillium%20notatum.JPG

  12. Begin Notes Again

  13. http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.doctorfungus.org/imageban/images/init_images/119MIKE.JPG&imgrefurl=http://webhealth.com/wiki/Athlete%27s_Foot_Or_Foot_Fungus_(%253DTinea_Pedis)&h=410&w=617&sz=245&hl=en&start=2&um=1&tbnid=-LxUEKsSNqMwHM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=136&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dathletes%2Bfoot%26gbv%3D2%26um%3D1%26hl%3Denhttp://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.doctorfungus.org/imageban/images/init_images/119MIKE.JPG&imgrefurl=http://webhealth.com/wiki/Athlete%27s_Foot_Or_Foot_Fungus_(%253DTinea_Pedis)&h=410&w=617&sz=245&hl=en&start=2&um=1&tbnid=-LxUEKsSNqMwHM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=136&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dathletes%2Bfoot%26gbv%3D2%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.moondragon.org/images2/athletesfootsole.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.moondragon.org/health/disorders/fungalinfect.html&h=290&w=300&sz=11&hl=en&start=6&um=1&tbnid=-8l8fHMZ5IQRKM:&tbnh=112&tbnw=116&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dathletes%2Bfoot%26gbv%3D2%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.microbiologybytes.com/iandi/ipics/Ringworm.JPEG&imgrefurl=http://www.microbiologybytes.com/iandi/6a.html&h=288&w=376&sz=12&hl=en&start=16&um=1&tbnid=Nz9vgboQqGBLzM:&tbnh=93&tbnw=122&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dring%2Bworm%26gbv%3D2%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den Parasitic Fungi • Athletes Foot • Ringworm

  14. Beneficial Fungi • Yeast • Penicillin • Aroma of cheeses • Lichen – mutualistic relationship between fungus and photosynthetic algae • #1 job of fungus: DECOMPOSITION http://www.plantpath.iastate.edu/pdc/files/Image/lichen%20on%20red%20cedar%20copy.jpg