Rum Runners Vanessa Hebb Travis Fraser
Brief description of Rum-running • Rum-running is achieved by transporting illegal goods, such as rum, over the sea, bootlegging is achieved by transporting illegal goods over land. • Quart bottles were packed in straw in tins, bottles were even concealed in sails that were tied and wrapped loosely around the mast.
History Of Rum-running • It wasn't long after the first taxes on alcoholic beverages that someone began to smuggle them. The British government had "revenue cutters" in place to stop smugglers as early as the 1500s. • Pirates often made extra money running rum to heavily taxed colonies. There were also times when the sale of alcohol was limited for other purposes, such as laws against sales to American Indians in the old West, or local prohibitions like the one on Prince Edward Island between 1901 and 1948.
Rum running ships • At the start, the rum-runner fleet consisted of fishing boats, excursion boats, and small merchant craft. But as prohibition wore on, the ships became more specialized. • The boats became high-speed crafts and were built for the ship-to-shore runs. These high-speed boats were often luxury yachts and speedboats fitted with powerful aircraft engines, machine guns, and armor plating and could carry as many as 5000 cases of liquor.
Willliam McCoy “ The Real McCoy” • William McCoy was a famous rumrunner. He decided to become a rum runner during prohibition in the United States. • McCoy smuggled whisky into the country, traveling from Scotland through the Bimini in the Bahamas and Florida Keys up to Ybor City and northern areas from south Florida to Maine, spending most time dealing on "Rum row" off Long Island.
The End of Rum-running • On December 5, 1933, the 21st Amendment ended Prohibition, and with it the rum-running business. Most of the rum ships were sold or scrapped, and their crews either went into the merchant marine or the U.S. Navy. Surprisingly, the Navy welcomed the ex–rum-runners as skilled and experienced seamen (some with battle experience), often giving them non-commissioned officer ranks. • The Coast Guard came out of the Prohibition with a new service, larger and more effective. Many of the skills they learned battling the rumrunners went to defend the U.S. coastline during the war.