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  1. Introductions Miss Brown

  2. Lights! Camera! Action! • Imagine for a second you are just starting to watch a movie on TV… There is popcorn and drinks and you are all set for a great film. • But the beginning of the film is BORING!!! • What do you do? • That movie is JUST like writing… the first impression is really important! • In writing we have only one chance to make a good first impression… The INTRODUCTION!

  3. What is it…

  4. Lead… • What is this… • The hook or attention getter • Often raises a question in the reader’s mind When visitors to the St. Louis Zoo go to see chimpanzees, they won’t find them pacing around in a steel-and concrete cage. The zoo’s Jungle of the Apes exhibit resembles a lush tropical forest that tries to create the animal’s natural habitat in the wild. This type of facility is becoming more and more common at zoos across the country. Increasingly, zoos are creating environments that closely resemble natural habitats, improve health and happiness, and provide more authentic viewing experiences for visitors.”

  5. Here’s How: 1. Determine your Purpose… • Why are you writing it? • For example: • If your purpose is to amuse… you might establish a comedic tone. • If it is to instruct, you might share what they will learn from the composition.

  6. Determine Audience… • . How might the audience for the piece vary? • Which kinds of audience might you write for? • Brainstorm… • Is there a difference between writing for children vs. teachers?

  7. 3. Draft a Thesis Statement… • For essays ONLY, declare your main idea and purpose in the thesis statement. • Narrative: NO THESIS!! • Essay: Always contains a sentence or two explaining the main idea!

  8. 4. Experiment… • Try out many different types of Introductions!

  9. 5. Evaluate… • Ask yourself when revising the introduction… • Is this introduction helping the purpose of the narrative? • Is the introduction good for my audience? • Does the introduction make readers want to continue reading? • Is there a clear thesis statement (essays only)? • Is the introduction factually correct? • What can my reader expect to learn about?

  10. Introductions in Narratives • Begin with Dialogue: • “Christmas won’t be Christmas without any presents!” grumbled Jo, lying on the rug. “It’s so dreadful to be poor! Sighed Meg, looking down at her old dress.- Little Women, Louisa May Alcott

  11. Introductions in Narratives • Begin in the middle of the action… “Are we rising again?” “No. On the contrary.” “Are we descending?” “Worse than that, captain! We are falling!” – The Mysterious Island, Jules Verne

  12. Introductions in Narratives • With a character’s reaction… • Alice was getting very tired of sitting by her sister on the bank, and of having nothing to do.- Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Lewis Carroll

  13. Introductions in Narratives • With a dramatic Image… • “The Pushcart War started on the afternoon of March 15, 1986, when a truck ran down a pushcart belonging to a flower peddler. Daffodils were scattered all over the street. The pushcart was flattened, and the owner of the pushcart was pitched head first into a pickle barrel.”- the Pushcart War, Jean Merrill

  14. Introductions in Narratives • By introducing the narrator… • “I am on my mountain in a tree home that people have passed without ever knowing that I am there.” _ My Side of the Mountain, Jean Craighead George.

  15. Introductions in Narratives • With a provocative sentence… • “Marley was dead: to begin with. There is no doubt whatever about that.” _ A Christmas Carol, Charles Dickens

  16. Introductions in Narratives • With a generalization… • “It must be that all children are actors.” – Stolen day, Sherwood Anderson.

  17. Introductions in Essays • With a Quotation… • “James Naismith’s invention, the American sport of basketball, is no longer the private property of the United States” says respected basketball analyst…”

  18. Introductions in Essays • With an intriguing fact… • At the beginning of last year’s season, NBA team rosters contained 67 international players from 33 different countries.

  19. Introductions in Essays • By posing a question… • Have you ever noticed that many of the National basketball Association’s top stars, players like Yao Ming, Dirk Nowitzki, and PejaStojakovic, come from other countries?

  20. Introductions in Essays • By addressing the reader directly… • If you believe that basketball is just an American game, think again.

  21. Introductions in Essays • With a vivid description… • On the bench, the player sat with stunned expressions on their faces. Some covered their faces with towels. The clock was ticking off seconds in the final moments of the Olympic semifinal. The NBA stars were going to lose.

  22. Other ideas…. • Use Sound effects: • “Whoosh!” was all I heard as the air escaped from out of the hot-air balloon… • Begin at the end: • “The detectives tagged the body for the morgue.”

  23. Group work… • English I: Narrative Introduction • In groups of 4, on poster paper, please create an introduction to describe your favorite part of a Disney or Pixar story… • English II: Essay Introduction • In groups of 4, on poster paper, please create an introduction to describe the value of your favorite sport. • Use the examples from the PowerPoint!!!

  24. Practice!! • Pg. A • Pg. B • Due tomorrow if not finished!!