The Aztec Calendar. This is the Aztec Calendar, perhaps the most famous symbol of Mexico. The original object is a 12' Pre-Columbian stone slab. Many renditions of it exist throughout Mexico. Cuauhxicalli.
The face portrayed at the center of the stone is generally interpreted as the Mexican sun god,
Symbolizes the Fifth Sun, the sun of Motion
Tonatiuh is also called the Earth-Quake Sun
The Aztecs believed that the world was destroyed and re-created four times prior to the current era or sun. They believe
the current era will also be destroyed.
The four quadrants spaced around the central figure represent the preceding eras, or suns
Each contains a representation of the name of the particular era derived from the sign of its last
day, a name that also indicates the way of its destruction.
The first, on the upper right, designates the first Sun, 4-Jaguar, followed in counterclockwise order by the second Sun, 4-Wind; the third sun, 4-Rain; and the fourth sun, 4-Water.
The second ring from the center is composed of the 20 named days contained in one month. Each year starts on one of four of these 20 days.