UNIT 9. Vocabulary Types of pollution Environmental effects Grammar and functions Expressing degree Graphs & Figures Revision of the grammar structures. LISTENING. 1- Environmental pollution is the CONTAMINATION OF THE AIR, LAND AND WATER CAUSED BY HUMAN PRODUCTS .
Grammar and functions
1-Environmental pollution is the CONTAMINATIONOF THE AIR, LAND AND WATER CAUSED BY HUMAN PRODUCTS.
b)EXHAUST FROM GASOLINE-POWERED VEHICLES LIKE AUTOMOBILES,
c) REFUSE AND GASES EMITTED BY FACTORIES,
d)sewage and GARBAGE DISPOSED OF BY CITIES,
e) PESTICIDES USED IN AGRICULTURE.
3-THE AMOUNT OF RELEASED POLLUTANTS.
4- a) CONSERVATION EFFORTS, SUCH AS RECYCLING
b) NEW TECHNOLOGIES ALLOW INDUSTRY TO RELEASE FEWER POLLUTANTS INTO THE ENVIRONMENT.
5-The long-term effects of pollution are not yet PRECISELYknown, but it is WIDELYbelieved by scientists that GLOBAL WARMING - THE HEATING OF THE EARTH’S ATMOSPHERE AS A RESULT OF THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT is a threat to most forms of life on the planet .
1 We installed a complete new system
We installed a completely new system
2 It was a really enjoyable film
It was a real enjoyable film
3 The product is full guaranteed for a year
The product is fully guaranteed for a year
4 The new car was a closely guarded secret
The new car was a close guarded secret
5 He's a highly paid executive
He's a high paid executive
New sitesforwindfarmsare likely to be mostly offshore
The data are mostly recorded digitally
POSITION: before ADJ/ADV ormain VB (PP)
ADV + VB: Significantly, mostly, greatly, strongly, substantially, dramatically, hardly, scarcely = VERY + ADJ
Likely to /unlikely to
Enough: ADJ/VB+ Enough
Enough + Noun: Every hour, enough solar radiation reaches the earth to meet the entire annual energy demand of the world’s population
The list of pollutants can be quite long
Soil pollution: 4:20-4:57
THIS ALTERS THE COMPOSITION AND QUALITY OF THE SOIL
Noise pollution: 4:57-6:00
Thermal pollution: 6:00-6:25
In my opinion…
Personally, I think that…
I'd suggest that…
I (strongly)believe that…
I'm convinced that...
As far as I'm concerned…
I'd like to point out that…
What I mean is…
I'm pretty sure that
I agree with you on this point
SO DO I
However… / On the contrary…
Yes, but don't you think…
I'm afraid I have to disagree.
Don't you think it would be better...
I don't agree with …..
That's not entirely true because ….
I don't think that...
The problem with that point of view is that...
NEITHER DO I