Guided Notes: Stress and Written Accent / Los Acentos - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Guided Notes: Stress and Written Accent / Los Acentos

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  1. Guided Notes: Stress and Written Accent / Los Acentos Mrs. O. Pacheco Spanish II

  2. SPANISH ACCENTS SUMMARY • Every word has a stressed syllable (sílabatónica). For example, the word español stresses the last syllable. • Word endings and written accents (tildes) provide a predictable guide to stress syllables in Spanish, allowing you to read any word correctly. • 1. An accent mark indicates stress on a syllable other than the next-to-last for words ending in accents: está, estás, están, médico • 2. An accent mark indicates stress on a syllable other than the last one for words ending in any consonant other than –n or -s:fácil, lápiz, carácter • 3. An accent marks stress on a weak vowel (i, u) followed or preceded by a strong vowel (a, e, o): mío, grúa, sonríe • 4. Pronouns such as cómo, dónde, qué, quién, cuándo, cuálhave accents when used as question and exclamation words, even in indirect questions: ¿Dóndevives? . ¡Cómohabla! No sabequédecir (indirect question) • 5. Only a few one-syllable syllable words have accents to signal different meanings.

  3. Cont. Words that do not follow the above rules carry a written accent to show which syllable is stressed: café (does not follow rule 1: it ends in a vowel but stresses the last syllable)exámenes (neither the last nor the second to-last syllable is stressed)árbol (does not follow rule 2: it does not end in a vowel , -n or -s, but still stresses the second to-last syllable) • dé give • él he/him • más more • mí me • sé I know • sí yes • té tea • tú you • de of, from • el the • mas but • mi my • se pronoun • si if • te you • tu your

  4. PRÁCTICA A. Las siguientes palabras no necesitan tilde. Escoge la sílaba tónica (stressed) según las reglas 1 y 2. • e · li · mi · nar • gra · cias • fies · ta • pa · cien · cia • ciu · dad • ra · cial • cue · llo • i · de · a • co · ci · na • va · ríos • al · co · hol • ai · re • fre · cuen · te • suer · te • so · cie · dad • eu · ro · pe · os

  5. PRÁCTICA B. According to the basic rules, thus, you need two criteria to decide whether a word needs a tilde or not: a) its ending, b) which syllable is stressed. • The word región needs a tilde becausea) it ends with "n" butb) the penultimate syllable is not stressed. • The word regiones does not need a tilde becausea) it ends with "s" andb) the penultimate syllable is stressed. • Ca · na · da • ca · rac · ter • fi · nal • i  · ma · gen • i  · ma · ge · nes • mi · ni · mo • Pa · na · ma • po · e · ma • po · e · ti · co • tam · bien • tran · si · cion • tran · si · cio · nes

  6. B. OTHER USES OF THE WRITTEN ACCENT / OTROS USOS DE LA TILDE 3. The written accent also indicates stress on a weak vowel (i, u) that is followed or preceded by a strong vowel (a, e, o): dí·a,  Ma·rí·a,  Ra·úl,  o·í·do,  a·hí,  ra·íz,  mí·o,  dú·o,  ge·o·gra·fí·aBUT: democracia (the weak vowel "i" is not stressed, therefore rule 1 applies) 4. A written accent is not used for one-syllable words (fe, ti, tres, Dios), except to distinguish between certain words that are otherwise spelled identically, such as:

  7. Cont. C. Another common group of such pairs are words like que, which need a written accent when used as a part of a question or indirect question.

  8. PRÁCTICA C. Check A, B, or C next to each word, according to the reason why they carry an accent.

  9. PRÁCTICA D. Listen to each word to hear where the stress is & circle the stressed syllable of each word. • A · me · ri · ca America • a · me · ri · ca · noAmerican • ca · rac · tercharacter • ¿co · mo?how • co · moas • de · mo · cra · ciademocracy • fe · lizhappy • Masmore • pa · iscountry • tam · bienalso • tran · si · cio · nestransitions • Tuyou

  10. PRÁCTICA E. Decide whether the italic words need accents or not. • Creo que tu hermano habla mas que tu. ¡Queproblema! (I think your brother speaks more than you do. What a problem!) 2.El abuelo dice quede niño elsedivertía mas que nosotros ahora. (The grandfather says that as a child he used to have more fun than us now.) 3.Mi vida si mejorará si tengo fe en mi mismo. (My life will indeed get better if I have faith in myself.) 4. No quiero estar mas con el, mas el si quiere estar conmigo. No se quehacer. (I don't want to be with him anymore, but he does want to be with me. I don't know what to do.)