Drafting the Research Paper Correlating Page Numbers from 8th and 9th Edition of Little, Brown Handbook
Preliminary Thesis 8th Edition--45a, Page 700 9th Edition--48a, Page 690
Creating a Structure 8th Edition--45b, Page 701 9th Edition--48b, Page 691
You provide shape to your essay 8th Edition--1st bullet, Page 702 see also 4th bullet 9th Edition--1st bullet, Page 692 see also 4th bullet
Rethinking Thesis 8th Edition--Third Bullet, Page 702 9th Edition--Third Bullet, Page 703
Rethinking Outline 8th Edition--First full paragraph, Page 704 9th Edition--First full paragraph, Page 694
Not beginning to end 8th Edition--45c, Page 704 9th Edition--48c, Page 695
Tips for Drafting (705/695) • 2nd Bullet--start where you feel most confident • 4th Bullet--each section based on your insight • last bullet(s)--document carefully in each draft (see #2, 706/696)
Synthesis 8th Edition--#1, Page 705 9th Edition--#1, Page 695
Disagreements among Sources 8th Edition--bullet at top of 706 9th Edition--third bullet on 696
Revise=“to see again” 8th Edition--#1, Page 707 9th Edition--#1, Page 696
Write a preliminary thesis of one or two sentences. At this point, what central insight do you hope your readers will recognize and agree with.
List as many reasons as you can why your central insight or position is correct.My position is X because . . .
Freewrite--develop as fast as you can • Your first reason • Your second reason • Your third reason
Opposing Argments List as many reasons as you can why people disagree with you or not accept your central insight.
How to deal with opposition • Refute--show how opposition is wrong • Concede--admit that the opposition has a point • Accommodate--slightly modify your position to show that you understand your opposition and are willing to reasonably meet it on some balanced middle ground
Develop a Scratch Outline • Introduction • First Point • Johnson • Williams • Stevens • However, some people say . . . • Jones • Answer with Smith • Second Point • Third Point