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Evolution of water policies. TODAY. WFD Bathing Water Drinking Water Surface Water Fish Water Shellfish Water Ground water Urban Waste Water Nitrates IPPC Exchange of Information Decision Surface Waters Dangerous Substances. 2013. WFD Bathing Water Drinking Water

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Evolution of water policies


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    1. Evolution of water policies TODAY WFD Bathing Water Drinking Water Surface Water Fish Water Shellfish Water Ground water Urban Waste Water Nitrates IPPC Exchange of Information Decision Surface Waters Dangerous Substances 2013 WFD Bathing Water Drinking Water Urban Waste Water Nitrates IPPC REPEAL

    2. Water Framework Directive: key components • protecting all (surface and ground) waters through established environmental objectives (‘good status’) to be achieved before the end of 2015 • clear milestones (characterisation, monitoring, programmes of measures) and management of waters based on river basin management plans (first in 2009) • combined approach of emission controls and water quality standards, plus phasing out of particularly hazardous substances • economic instruments: economic analysis, and getting the prices right - to promote wise use of water • getting the citizen involved: public participation

    3. Some key challenges involving hydroinformatics • Characterisation:conceptual models for understanding hydrological conditions, defining typologies of water bodies, evaluating pollution etc. • Monitoring: optimisation of monitoring design, data interpretation • Reporting: management and access of water data information (development of WISE= Water Information System for Europe) • Others: compliance, results of public participation, programme of measures, etc. Key issues: access to appropriate tools, communication to end-users, “validation”

    4. Key issues linked to uncertainty assessment • Characterisation:confidence in setting reference conditions, intercalibration linked to ecological status assessment, classification linked to risk assessment etc. • Monitoring: monitoring design, positional accuracy, etc. • Reporting: compliance (arithmetic comparisons), • Others: effects of measures and related costs, water pricing

    5. River basins in Europe Strong needs for coordination at EU level

    6. Risks of pollution from diffuse/point sources (incl. landfills, wastes, contaminated soils, agriculture) Prevent / Limit Interactions with aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems? Links with SW status and EQS Quality standards / thresholds? Examples of environmental issues– Uncertainties? Run-off Construction Products, Urban wastes Drinking water abstraction Trend identification and reversal • • • • • • Time

    7. Integration framework POLICY Seveso, IPPC POLICY Env. Impact assessment RESEARCH Water uses INDUSTRY AGRI- CULTURE POLICY Birds, Habitats URBAN SECTOR CEN CEN TC 308 § 345 DRINKING WATER CEN CEN TC 230 CEN CEN TC 292 POLICY Drinking water RESEARCH Interactions with wetlands RESEARCH Risk studies, remediation POLICY Sewage sludge landfill RESEARCH Soil & surface water interactions POLICY UWW, CPD POLICY groundwater POLICY Pesticides, Nitrates, biocides POLICY Bathing water POLICY WFD

    8. CIS operational diagram Water Directors Steering of implementation process Chair: Presidency, Co-chair: Commission Expert Advisory Forum“Flood Protection” Chair: Commission Strategic Steering Group“WFD and Agriculture” Chair: UK and Commission Strategic Co-ordination Group Co-ordination of work programme Chair: Commission Art. 21 Committee Working Group C “Groundwater” Lead: Commission and AT Working Group A “Ecological Status” Lead: JRC, DE and UK Working Group E “Priority Substances” Lead: Commission “Chemical Monitoring” “Chemical Monitoring” Working Group B “Integrated River Basin Management” Lead: FR and ES Working Group D “Reporting” Lead: Commission "GIS” Expert Network Stakeholders, NGO’s, Researchers, Experts, etc.

    9. A Pilot River Basins Network: testing platform • B, F, NL (Scheldt), • D, F, Lux (Moselle-Sarre) • France (Marne) • France (Adour/Garonne) • Ireland (Shannon) • UK (Ribble) • Denmark (Odense) • Finland (Oulujoki) • Norway (Suldals) • Portugal (Guadiana) • Spain (Júcar) • Greece (Pinios) • Italy (Tevere, Cecina) • HU/ROM (Somos) • PL, CZ, D (Neisse)

    10. Links to WISE • Water Information System for Europe (DG ENV, JRC-IES, EEA, Eurostat), aiming at efficiently managing all water-related information at EU level, ensuring coherence between various reporting mechanisms and needs, and providing access to information (including RTD) / data for various purposes and needs

    11. Current situation Information Users Public/ Stake-holders Member States EEA Internat. Conven- tions Information COM Information Information Information Information Member States Data Data treatment

    12. Drivers for data collection Common vision Information Users Policy Effectiveness Public/ Stake-holders Member States EEA International Conventions WISE COM SoE Trends An. Data treatment / aggregation Compliance checking Member States Data Purposes for reporting

    13. WISE current Now Member states WISE prototype Map Server Member states Member states EOINET water Water base Member states OUTPUT INPUT

    14. WISE vision - 2006 Now Member states WISE prototype Map Server Member states Member states EOINET water Water base Member states 2006 Member states WISE prototype Member states Access protocols Member states State of env’ment OUTPUT Member states INPUT WISE public Member states Inter calibrat’n Member states Member states Urban WWD Member states

    15. WISE vision - 2010 Now Member states WFD prototype Map Server Member states Member states EOINET water Water base Member states 2006 Member states WISE prototype Member states Access protocols Member states State of env’ment OUTPUT Member states INPUT WISE public Member states Inter calibrat’n Member states Member states Urban WWD Member states 2010 WISE public WFD, UWWD Push Pull protocols Access protocols EIONET Water WISE expert Member states Member states ESTAT WISE analysis Other policies/ users

    16. 20?? Optional data (link to other IT system – decentralised) Extension data (Construction Phase in WISE IP) 2010 ICPDR EPER PRTR Core data WFD*, UWWD, EIONET Water 2006 (Preparation Phase) Rhine ICES Other compliance data (nitrates, bathing, drinking, marine, flood protection), statistical data, research OSPAR National systems others * includes all WFD compliance data - Art. 3, 5, 8, 13 and intercalibration WISE perspective

    17. WISE in the wider context Environmental Reporting/ EIONET/INSPIRE Air Soil Water WISE Agri- culture Climate Others …

    18. Links with FP6 FP5 and FP6 projects WFD SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY Scientific foundation Political agenda Time pressure Policy used as justification Specific research agenda Results accessibility INTERFACE NEEDS Increased awareness Improved communication Concerted planning

    19. WFD implementation Water managers Needs for accessing scientific information Research Data & knowledge offers pilots PRB's WFD Guidances key-issues experiences demands

    20. On the long term... RESEARCH OUTPUTS Information on research and Demonstration project results – Analysis of relevance to water policies WISE-RTD COMMUNICATION Translation of guides, Tools etc. DATA INFRASTRUCTURE Access and data dissemination

    21. Conclusions • Specific hydroinformatics research needs to be tackled (modelling, emission controls, pollutant pathways, data interpretation, status classification, reporting, etc.) taking account of uncertainty assessment • Stronger science-policy interface to be developed to ensure effective use of research outputs and identification of research needs • Policy implementation to be conceived in the context of participatory approach and multidisciplinary synergies, including with the scientific community