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Piaget Stages. Sensorimotor Stage. Development happens from one stage to another through interaction with the environment. Changes from stage to stage may occur abruptly and kids will differ in how long they are in each stage. . Stages of Development.

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Piaget Stages


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    1. Piaget Stages Sensorimotor Stage

    2. Development happens from one stage to another through interaction with the environment. • Changes from stage to stage may occur abruptly and kids will differ in how long they are in each stage. Stages of Development

    3. Age ranges are not rigid, although the sequence is invariant. Must go through them in the theoretical order • Overlap between stages can occur – known as décalage – e.g. 7 year old may show signs of 11 year old thinking “ahead of time” Stages of Development

    4. Cognitive development can only happen after genetically controlled biological growth occurs. • Development leads to learning • The child can only learn certain things when she is at the right developmental stage. Stages of Development

    5. Development through stages is motivated by equilibration. • Child has novel experience – disequilibrium • Internal schemas and operations reorganised via assimilation/accommodation • New equilibrium – move to next stage Stages of Development

    6. Piaget’s theory of development includes four stages: • Sensorimotor • Pre-operational • Concrete Operational • Formal Operational Four Stages

    7. Birth to about 2 years • The child knows the world through sensation and action • Actions are eventually internalised as thoughts The Sensorimotor Stage

    8. From about 2 – 7 years • Understanding of the world through visual appearances and non-logical assumptions Pre-operational Stage

    9. Around 7 to 11 years • Development of some logical reasoning • Limited to practical problems and specific examples Concrete Operational Stage

    10. From about 11 years onwards • Child is capable of mature thinking • Abstract theorising • Scientific reasoning Formal Operational Stage

    11. Birth to about 2 years - characterised by: • Movement in thinking style from action schemas to mental representations • Development of Object Permanence The Sensorimotor Stage

    12. Oooh! Monkey gone! Baby See Monkey Object Permanence

    13. Infra Red studies

    14. Video Clip • A Not-B error • Piaget reckons they can do this after about 8 months. Object Permanence

    15. Young children glance at this one but seem to realise there's nothing unusual about it. Baillargeon & DeVos (1991)

    16. Young children glance at this one but seem to realise there's nothing unusual about it. Baillargeon & DeVos (1991)

    17. Young children glance at this one but seem to realise there's nothing unusual about it. Baillargeon & DeVos (1991)

    18. However, they spend significantly longer looking at this one, suggesting that they realise its impossible.  That is they realise that the carrot should still be visible in the space. Baillargeon & DeVos (1991)

    19. Explain this!