1 / 21

Work Environments and Morale: Setting Up Your Program For Success

Work Environments and Morale: Setting Up Your Program For Success. Nicholas H. Apostoleris, PhD MBA Health Center Director ACTION HEALTH SERVICES

Download Presentation

Work Environments and Morale: Setting Up Your Program For Success

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Work Environments and Morale: Setting Up Your Program For Success Nicholas H. Apostoleris, PhD MBA Health Center Director ACTION HEALTH SERVICES VP of Behavioral Health ServicesCommunity Health Connections, Inc.Assistant ProfessorDepartment of Family Medicine and Community HealthUmass Medical School

  2. Work Environments and Morale: Goals Participants will: Share experiences from their programs regarding morale challenges Share experiences regarding successful approaches to improving morale Learn the principles of Self Determination Theory as they apply to the work place environment Learn how to change workplace environments to improve employee satisfaction

  3. Work Environments and Morale Is morale an important issue for your program? What does high morale look like? When have you had times of high morale? What brings down morale?

  4. Morale Challenges • Mission-related • When personnel feel they are not adhering to the mission • Personnel-related • In all positions • Personality • Non-work stressors • Others? • Resource-related • On mission, but insufficient resources to do the job right

  5. Morale improvement successes Any common themes from your experiences? Could they work without additional resources? Where did the good ideas come from? Who was listening for these ideas?

  6. Self Determination Theory Developed at the University of Rochester in the past 30 years Focuses on better understanding why we do what we do and on how to improve social environments When people are self-determined, they experience the satisfaction of doing something that is important to them To feel self-determined, fundamental psychological needs must be met

  7. Motivation and Morale • Self Determination Theory poses that people have three fundamental psychological needs • Autonomy • Competence • Relatedness • Environments can be supportive or unsupportive of the fulfillment of these needs • Environments supportive of the person fulfilling these needs will result in more intrinsically motivated action

  8. Fundamental Psychological Needs • Autonomy • The perception that we have choices and can act on those choices • Competence • The perception that we can function in the world, doing what we need to do to survive and succeed • Relatedness • The perception that we are related to others and ourselves in a positive way

  9. Motivation Orientation • External • Act to avoid punishment • Act to get an external reward • Internal/Extrinsic • Act to avoid negative self-evaluation • Act to obtain a positive self-evaluation • Intrinsic • Act for the love of the act • Immersed in the act – sense of time can be lost

  10. Enhancing Intrinsic Motivation • Potential negative effects from tangible rewards • Intrinsically motivated behaviors become extrinsically motivated • A lowering of intrinsic motivation for the activity • How to avoid the negative effects of rewards • Detach from a specific task request • Make the tangible reward unexpected • Verbal recognition rather than tangible rewards

  11. Controlling Environments Work environments, especially when stressed, tend to adopt a bottom-line approach Workplace well-being issues can be framed exclusively in dollar terms, which can make for poor work environments Recruitment, retention, productivity all are related to work environment Tendency is to just push harder and to value compliance and obedience of employees Vertical hierarchies can be efficient – but at a cost

  12. Controlling Environments • “Control” in this context is not good • Attempting to control the actions of others rather than setting up the situation so that the actions are self-determined • Feeling ‘controlled’ versus feeling ‘self-determined’ or ‘autonomous’ • Negative consequences of controlling environments • When people feel controlled, they act in a more oppositional, even anti-social way

  13. Environments that Support Basic Needs Fulfillment of each of the basic needs can be supported or damaged by the nature of the environment Autonomy-supportive environments Competence-supportive environments Relatedness-supportive environments

  14. Autonomy-Supportive Environments When a person perceives that they have meaningful choices, that is autonomy-supportive When a person’s point of view is valued and brought into consideration in decision-making, that is autonomy-supportive Autonomy-supportive environments tend to produce more proactive and engaged people

  15. Competence-Supportive Environments • Determine areas where people perceive their own competence to be high • Be careful about moving people into areas where they will have a sharp drop off in perceived competence • Provide trainings with adequate time to assimilate information • Trainings that overload with too much information too fast are not helpful

  16. Relatedness-Supportive Environments • Relatedness isto one’s self andto others • Relatedness to self • Realistic expectations • Limiting negative self-talk • Valuing self-care • Relatedness to others • Positive, appropriate connections to others • Respect for personal boundaries • Warmth and good will

  17. Where does personality fit in? • Causality Orientations • Autonomy Orientation • Some people will perceive environments as being more autonomy-supportive than will other people • Organize life around personally meaningful goals • Control Orientation • Some people will perceive environments as being more controlling than will other people • Lots of ‘shoulds’ • Seek/need deadlines • Impersonal Orientation • Things happen for reasons out of our control • Do what has been done – no ability to do things differently • Depressed about present, anxious about future

  18. What can we do to improve our workplace? Suggestions for increasing Autonomy Supportiveness and reducing how controlling our workplace can feel? Suggestions for increasing Competence Supportiveness? Suggestions for increasing Relatedness-supportiveness?

  19. Valuing our Colleagues • Well-being of the person as an end value • Not solely as a means to an end • Higher productivity • Lower recruitment costs • Colleagues are not machines and are not disposable • They stay or go back to the community • Improved or harmed by their work experiences • Strengthening communities by strengthening and elevating our workforce

  20. References • Self Determination Theory • http://www.psych.rochester.edu/SDT/ • Interpersonal control, dehumanization, and violence. Moller & Deci. • Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 13, 41-53. • http://www.psych.rochester.edu/SDT/documents/2010_MollerDeci_GPIR.pdf • Intrinsic Need Satisfaction. Baard, Deci & Ryan • Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 34, 2045-2068 • http://www.psych.rochester.edu/SDT/documents/2004_BaardDeciRyan.pdf • Self determination theory and work motivation. Gagne & Deci. • Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, 331-362 • http://www.psych.rochester.edu/SDT/documents/2005_GagneDeci_JOB_SDTtheory.pdf

  21. Contact Information Nicholas H. Apostoleris, Ph.D. ACTION Health Services Community Health Connections, Inc. Fitchburg Family Medicine Residency Program UMass Medical School 275 Nichols Road, Fitchburg, MA 01420 nhaphd@gmail.com

More Related