Unit 3: VCE History. Critical Year, 1921. Although the Bolshevik’s won the Civil War and restored peace, they paid a high price. Many of the best workers died in battle and the communist vision of a proletarian utopia was fading.
Critical Year, 1921
Although the Bolshevik’s won the Civil War and restored peace, they paid a high price.
The First Red CavalryRussia in ruins
Requisitioning of grainImpact of War Communism
Children in famineThe Price of Civil War
The Russian famine was acknowledged worldwide as a humanitarian disaster.
Richer peasants, labelled ‘kulaks’ by the Communist Party, were blamed for rising high prices during the food shortage.
Scapegoats?Kill the Kulaks
The economic crisis sparked peasant wars against the government and general industrial strikes in Petrograd and Moscow were compounded when sailors from Kronstadt challenged the new regime.
- a political attack through a civil rights petition;
- a military attack, very dangerous because the sailors were highly trained military and former Bolsheviks.
… do you notice any similarities to the past?Kronstadt demands
It was comical
Kronstadt rebellion showed the unhappiness amongst those who the Bolshevik’s claimed to represent… ‘you have nothing to lose but your chains!’
Kollantai – ‘I’m against this’
At the Tenth Congress of the Communist Party in Moscow from March 8 to 16 in 1921, responded to some of the Kronstadt demands as they were fighting.
This is a Glavpolitprosvet poster…
Just in case you was wonderingNew Economic Policy
All resources to winning Civil War > Provide food for a starving population.
‘Socialist Communism will
Come from the NEP’