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The Anglo-Saxons: 449–1066 Introduction to the Literary Period. Feature Menu. Interactive Time Line Milestone: The Celts in Britain Milestone: The Roman Occupation Milestone: The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Milestone: King Alfred against the Danes Milestone: The Spread of Christianity

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the anglo saxons 449 1066 introduction to the literary period
The Anglo-Saxons: 449–1066Introduction to the Literary Period

Feature Menu

Interactive Time Line

Milestone: The Celts in Britain

Milestone: The Roman Occupation

Milestone: The Anglo-Saxon Invasion

Milestone: King Alfred against the Danes

Milestone: The Spread of Christianity

Milestone: The Norman Invasion

What Have You Learned?

the anglo saxons 449 1066
The Anglo-Saxons: 449–1066

Choose a link on the time line to go to a milestone.

A.D. 1066

Norman Invasion

300s B.C.

Celts in Britain

A.D. 449

Anglo-Saxon Invasion

55 B.C–A.D.409

Roman Occupation

A.D.878

King Alfred against

the Danes

A.D.

1

A.D.

300

A.D.

900

A.D.

1200

300 B.C.

A.D.

600

A.D. 400–699

Spread of Christianity

the celts in britain
The Celts in Britain

Before and during the 4th century B.C.

  • Britain home to several Celtic tribes
  • Britain named for one Celtic tribe—the Brythons
  • Celtic religion a form of animism
  • Druids were Celtic priests

Stonehenge

the roman occupation
The Roman Occupation

55 B.C.

Hadrian’s Wall

Julius Caesar invades Britain

A.D. 43

Celts defeated by Claudius

  • Romans build walls, villas, baths, roads

A.D. 409

Romans evacuate their troops

  • Britain left vulnerable to attack
  • Central government breaks down

Romanruins

the anglo saxon invasion
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion

Jutes

Angles

Saxons

Celts

A.D. 449 The Anglo-Saxons push the Celts into the far west of the country.

slide6

The Anglo-Saxon Invasion

Anglo-Saxon Society

  • kinship groups led by strong warrior chief
  • people farmed, established local governments, produced fine craftwork
  • English emerged as a written language
slide7

The Anglo-Saxon Invasion

Page from Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

Old English

slide8

Norse god

Anglo-Saxon god

Day of week

Odin

Woden

Thor

Thunor

The Anglo-Saxon Invasion

The Anglo-Saxon religion

  • offered no hope of an afterlife
  • valued earthly virtues of bravery, loyalty, generosity, and friendship
  • similar to what we call Norse mythology

Wednesday

Thursday

slide9

The Anglo-Saxon Invasion

The Anglo-Saxon bards

  • called scops
  • strummed harp as they sang
  • sang of heroic deeds
  • were often warriors

Why were the scops important?

  • Anglo-Saxons did not believe in afterlife
  • warriors gained immortality through songs

Anglo-Saxon harp

king alfred against the danes
King Alfred against the Danes

8th–9th centuries

Vikings called Danes invade Britain

871Alfred of Wessex is king of England.

878King Alfred unifies Anglo-Saxons against the Danes.

  • King Sweyn and his Danish troops arrive in England, from a manuscript (c. 14th century)
  • England becomes a nation.
the spread of christianity
The Spread of Christianity

Around A.D. 400

  • Christian monks settle in Britain
  • Christianity and Anglo-Saxon culture co-exist

By A.D. 699

  • British pagan religions replaced by Christianity
the norman invasion
The Norman Invasion

1066

  • William of Normandy crosses the English Channel
  • William defeats Harold and Anglo-Saxon army
  • French replaces English as the language of the ruling class

The Norman Invasion,

Bayeux Tapestry

what have you learned
What Have You Learned?

Indicate whether the following statements refer to the time before,during, or after the Anglo-Saxon era.

______ Viking invaders terrorized England.

______ French became the language of the ruling class.

______ England became unified under Alfred the Great.

______ Animism was the primary religious belief.

during

after

during

before