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The Constitution

The Constitution

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The Constitution

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  1. The Constitution

  2. Bell Ringer Wednesday Please read the article Meet the Man Who’s Taking a Stand or Victory At Last. Summarize the article in 2 sentences.

  3. Learning Target 1 I can classify where our founding fathers got the ideas for the Constitution. SS-08-1.1.2

  4. Where does democracy come from? • Stations • Assigned groups • Do not talk to other groups • 4minutes to read • Answer questions in group

  5. Bell Ringer Thursday How did the Enlightenment influence our democracy? • Hint: Look up John Locke or Montesquieu.

  6. Learning Target 1 I can classify where our founding fathers got the ideas for the Constitution. SS-08-1.1.2

  7. Greece Direct Democracy – all citizens voted on everything

  8. Rome Republic – citizens elect government leaders

  9. Magna Carta Limited the power of the king

  10. English Bill of Rights Gave citizens rights

  11. Montesquieu Separation of powers - Power is divided among 3 branches, so that one person does not have too much power.

  12. John Locke • People have natural rights: • Life • Liberty • Property • Checks and balances – one branch can check or limit the power of another

  13. Representative Democracy • Vote on officials to represent us • Rights are guaranteed + = Representative Democracy

  14. Index Cards Create 4 flash cards of the following words: • Direct Democracy • Republic • Magna Carta • English Bill of Rights • Montesquieu • John Locke • Representative Democracy Write the definition on 1 side and draw a picture on the other.

  15. Bell Ringer Tuesday Identify and describe at least 3 places where the founding fathers got the ideas for the Constitution.

  16. Learning Target 2 I can evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. SS-08-1.3.1 SS-08-5.1.2

  17. Articles of Confederation • Written by 2nd Continental Congress • 1 branch, each state had 1 vote • Government could settle conflicts between states, make coins, and borrow money • No president or courts • No soldiers • No borrowing $ • State had all power

  18. Questions • Why do you think they didn’t have a president? • Why did the states get the most power under the articles?

  19. Government considered • How do we raise money? • What do we do with all this new land?

  20. Northwest Ordinance • Northwest Territory was surveyed and sold into townships • Divided into OH, IN, IL, MI, and WI • After 60,000 could join Union • No slavery allowed

  21. Bell Ringer Wednesday List the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.

  22. Learning Target 2 I can evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. SS-08-1.3.1 SS-08-5.1.2

  23. Economic Problems • British troop withdraw slow • American merchants had to pay high tariffs • Tariffs are taxes on imports

  24. Economic Problems • Confederation Congress could not pass tariffs • British supplies were cheaper than products made in America.

  25. Economic Problems • States began printing paper money • Inflation – prices increased on goods and services.

  26. Paper Plates The American government under the Articles of Confederation were super weak. Divide a paper plate into sixths. Write 3 achievements and 3 weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation . We the People: Citizen and The Constitution (pgs. 97-98)

  27. Bell Ringer Thursday Describe 2 economic problems of the new nation.

  28. Learning Target 1 I can classify where our founding fathers got the ideas for the Constitution. SS-08-1.1.2

  29. Learning Target 2 I can evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. SS-08-1.3.1 SS-08-5.1.2

  30. Jigsaw ReadingDirections: In your groups read the assigned pages. Write the top 5 things you learned from the section. • Roman Republic • What did the Founders learn about government from the Romans? What advantages did the Founders see in the republican government? (pgs. 22-23) • English Government • Why did the American colonists have the rights of Englishmen? (pgs. 50, 52, 54) • Articles of Confederation 1 • What are the Articles of Confederation? What problems did the Founders face in writing the Articles of Confederation? How did the Articles of Confederation organize the national government? (pgs. 94-96) • Articles of Confederation 2 • What did the nation government achieve under the Articles of Confederation? What problems did the country experience under the Articles of Confederation? (pgs. 97-99) • Shay’s Rebellion • Why was Shay’s Rebellion important? How did Shay’s rebellion force people to examine the weaknesses of the national government? (pgs 99-100)

  31. Bell Ringer Monday Why do you think states were unwilling to give up their powers to a large national government?

  32. Learning Target 2 I can evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. SS-08-1.3.1 SS-08-5.1.2

  33. Shays' Rebellion • States tried to pay war loans by raising taxes • Farmers could not pay taxes • Sent to prison • Had to sell farms • Daniel Shay’s a poor farmer and Revolutionary War veteran led an uprising to close courts

  34. Shays' Rebellion • Shays protested high taxes and heavy debt • Pointed out the weaknesses of the new government • James Madison and Thomas Jefferson called for a meeting of the states in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation in May 1787

  35. Shays Comics Draw a comic strip illustrating why Daniel Shays would lead a rebellion against Massachusetts? You must include at least 3 frames.

  36. Bell Ringer Tuesday Why did Daniel Shays rebel against the courts in Massachusetts?

  37. Learning Target 3 I can analyze the compromises made to create the Constitution. SS-08-2.3.2 SS-08-2.3.1 SS-08-1.2.2

  38. Constitutional Convention • States sent delegates to Philadelphia • Revise the Articles of Confederation • Pennsylvania State House • George Washington was president of the convention

  39. Virginia Plan • Written by James Madison • Met delegates as they arrived • Strong central government with 3 branches • Bicameral (2 house) Legislature • Representation based on population City Tavern James Madison – Father of the Constitution

  40. Liberty Kids: We the People Write 5-7 notes about the Constitutional Convention.

  41. Bell Ringer Wednesday Describe the Virginia Plan.

  42. Learning Target 3 I can analyze the compromises made to create the Constitution. SS-08-2.3.2 SS-08-2.3.1 SS-08-1.2.2

  43. New Jersey Plan • Created by the small states • Created a unicameral legislature • Each state had the same # of representatives James Paterson

  44. Great Compromise • Bicamerallegislature • Senate • 2 Senators per state • House of Representatives • Representation based on population Roger Sherman

  45. Great Compromise Poster Create a poster illustrating the Virginia Plan, New Jersey Plan, and Great Compromise. Include at least 3 things about each.

  46. Bell Ringer Thursday How did the Great Compromise solve the dispute between big and small states?

  47. Learning Target 3 I can analyze the compromises made to create the Constitution. SS-08-2.3.2 SS-08-2.3.1 SS-08-1.2.2

  48. Three-Fifths Compromise • Southerners wanted slaves to count as part of the population • Northern states were afraid the South would have too much power • 3/5 of the slaves were to be counted in the population

  49. Compromises on Slavery • Southerners would leave if slavery was not allowed • Importation of slaves allowed until 1807 • Used the words, “free Persons” and “all other Persons”

  50. Federalism Federalism – some separate and some shared powers • National Government • Ex. - Printing money, mail, signing treaties • State Government • Ex. - Driver license, speed limits, marriage • Shared Powers • Ex. – Make laws, collecting taxes