THE CONSTITUTION COMPROMISES & RATIFICATION
Virginia Plan Use population Large states have more power New Jersey Plan 1 state=1 vote Unicameral Limited powers to tax QUESTION #1-How should Congress be structured?
LOWER HOUSE=HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Picked by election Every 2 hours Use population to determine the # of representatives UPPER HOUSE= SENATE 2 Senators per state 6 year term Early on—picked by state legislators Now: direct election by people RESULT: GREAT COMPROMISEBI CAMERAL LEGISLATURE
QUESTION #2-SLAVERY • OUTLAW IT?? • COUNT ALL THE SLAVES AS PEOPLE? • DO THEY ALSO GET RIGHTS? • DO NOT COUNT ANY SLAVES? • RESULT: 3/5THS COMPROMISE • COUNT 3/5THS OF SLAVES IN TERMS OF POPULATION TO DETERMINE # OF REPR.
Question #3-How to handle commerce? (trade) • Congress is forbidden to tax the export of goods from any state • Congress could not ban the slave trade for 20 years.
FEDERALISTS Favor ratification Madison, Hamilton Fed. Gov’t needs power Strong central gov’t Strong economy Build a nation like Britain Anti-Feds Dislike Constitution Henry, Hancock, Adams States have few rights No Bill of Rights to protect people RATIFICATION-need 9 states
FEDERALISTS PAPERS • Hamilton & Madison write these to convince voters that the Constitution should be ratified by the states • Sept. 13, 1788—11 of 13 ratify • NY—ratify it IF a Bill of Rights is included