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The Constitution . It had to be Ratified. Needed 9 states to approve it. When punished in the newspaper. Debates sprung all around. Two Groups . Anti-Federalist. Supporters of the Constitution. Wanted a strong national gov. Ensure the nations ability to protect it-self.

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It had to be ratified
It had to be Ratified

  • Needed 9 states to approve it.

  • When punished in the newspaper. Debates sprung all around

Two groups
Two Groups


Supporters of the Constitution.

Wanted a strong national gov.

Ensure the nations ability to protect it-self

Opponents of the Constitution

Feared strong gov. endangered people liberates and rights.


Federalist papers
Federalist Papers

  • The Collection of 85 essays

  • Written in 1787-1788

  • James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton wrote the essays that were published in several newspapers.

  • Washington and Franklin persuaded many Americans to support the New Constitution.

  • By 1790 all 13 states has ratified the Document

John jay
John Jay

  • “This country and this people seem to have been made for each other.”



Of the Constitution

What does it say
What does it say ?

  • The preamble describes the purpose of the government set up by the constitution.

  • Americans expect their government to defend justice and liberty and provide peace and safety from foreign enemies.

The goals of our gov
The Goals of our Gov.

  • Form a more Perfect Union

  • Establish Justice

  • Insure Domestic Tranquility

  • Provide for the Common Defense

  • Promote General Welfare

  • Secure the blessing of liberty

    Which goal of Gov. pledges to protect our basic freedoms?

Article i

Article I


Article i2

Article I

Section 2

Article i3

  • Senate

  • Election of member

  • Qualifications

  • Offices; President of the Senate

  • Impeachment

Article I

Section 3


  • High Crimes and Misdemeanors

  • Bribery, perjury, and treason.

  • misconduct in office

  • Abuse of power


  • The trial is held In the senate

  • The Senate serve as the Judges

  • if President is being tried the Chief Justice presides

  • Convicted by 2/3 votes

  • Cant hold any other office

  • Subject to indictment, ect.

Article i4

Article I

Section 4

1872 congress decided elections be held in every state on the same date in even-number years

Article i5

  • Organized elections take place.

  • Rules-2/3 expel

  • Record-yeas/nays

  • Adjournment- no more than three days unless approved. Need to be in the same city

Article I

Section 5

Article i6

Article I

Section 6

Article i7

Article I

Section 7

Article i8

Article I

Section 8

Terms to know
Terms to know elections take place.

  • Naturalization-process whereby a foreigner becomes a citizen.

  • The Elastic Clause-It let Congress stretch the meaning of its power.

Powers include
Powers include elections take place.

  • Coining of Money

  • Regulate Commerce

  • Declare War

  • Raise and Support Armies

  • Lay and collect Taxes

Article i9

Article I

Section 9

Terms to know1
Terms to Know elections take place.

  • Writ of Habeas Corpus-is a court order to bring someone to court and explain why they are being held

  • Bill of Attainder-a law declaring that a person is guilty of particular crime.

Terms to know2
Terms to Know elections take place.

  • Ex Post Facto law-punishes an act which was not illegal when it was committed.

  • Appropriates-Federal Gov. cannot spend money unless passed by a bill. Must publish statement of how money was spent.

Grant letters of marque and reprisal
Grant letters of Marque and reprisal elections take place.

Were documents issued by Gov. allowing merchant ships arm themselves and attack ships of an enemy nation. (They are no longer issued)

Article i10

  • Powers denied to the State elections take place.

  • The writers of Constitution Did not want the states to act like separate nations

Article I

Section 10

Article ii

Article II

Section 1

Article ii1

Article II

Section 2

terms elections take place.

  • Reprieve- suspends punishment ordered by law

  • Pardon-prevents prosecution for a crime or overrides the judgment

Treaties in force
Treaties in force elections take place.



  • Indian treaties


State of union
State of Union elections take place.


  • Annotate


  • speech

Article iii

Article III elections take place.

The Supreme Court

Article iii1

Article III

Section 1

Article iii2

Article III

Section 2

Supreme court
Supreme Court elections take place.

Appellate Jurisdiction

Means the power of a court to hear a case where it arises.

Does not decide guilt, decides whether to lower court trial was properly conducted and review lower court decision.

Original Jurisdiction

Article iii3

Article III

Section 3

Article iv

Article IV elections take place.

Relations among the States

Article v

Article V elections take place.

The amendment process

The process
The Process elections take place.

  • Use the paper provided to complete the task at hand.

  • You have 10 min

  • When done put your pencil and pull out your constitution ready to check your work.

Article vi

Article VI elections take place.

Supremacy Clause

Article vi1
Article VI elections take place.

  • National Debts

  • Law of the Land

  • Oath of Offices

  • Federal law supersedes state law when a conflict exists

Article vii

Article VII elections take place.


Article vii1
Article VII elections take place.

  • Needed 9 states to ratify

  • By 1788 the required 9 was done.

  • The Constitution was done in Convention on September 17, 1787