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The Italian Renaissance

The Italian Renaissance

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The Italian Renaissance

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  1. The Italian Renaissance Awakening of the Human Spirit

  2. BackgroundBeginning of the Modern World • The Plague and Catholic Schism ended the Middle Ages • Those who survived looked to enjoy life • The Renaissance is considered the beginning of modern European History • Begin in city-states of Italy and spread throughout Europe • The changes occurring were not religious or scientific, but moral and personal

  3. Conditions for Renaissance • Trade • In contact with other, more advanced civilizations • Church • Lost most of its power and people began to doubt its ultimate authority • Middle Class • Wealthy families arose, enjoying life • Competition • Led to development in education and art

  4. Renaissance • Means “rebirth” in Latin • Awakening of the human spirit- feelings and thoughts • Focus turned to Humanism

  5. Rise of Italian City-States • Economic growth was the basis for the Renaissance • Northern Italy benefited from the crusades and spice trade • Genoa • Venice • Milan • Florence

  6. Genoa

  7. Venice

  8. Milan

  9. Florence

  10. Who ruled? • Signori • a form of government in which power is concentrated in the hands of an individual or a small group (Usually merchant families) • Visconti (Milan) • Sforza (Milan) • Medici (Florence)

  11. Politics among the Italian City-States • Competition among city-states meant that Italy did not unify politically • Weaker states would ally with other states to prevent domination • Disunity led to downfall in late 15th and early 16th century by the French and Spanish • While Northern Europe was unifying, Italy remained fragmented

  12. Republic of Florence • Dominated by Medici Family • Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici (1360-1429) • Considered founder of Medici Dynasty • Founded Medici Bank • Cosimo de’ Medici (1389-1464) • Allied with other powerful families and became unofficial ruler of the republic

  13. Republic of Florence • Lorenzo de’ Medici (1449-1492) • The “Magnificent” • Significant patron of the arts

  14. Duchy of Milan • Ruled by Sforza family after 1450 • Founded by Francesco I Sforza • Rose from peasant origins • Used this military position to become rulers in Milan • Governed by force and power politics

  15. Venetian Republic • Longest lasting of the Italian states • Did not fall until Napoleon conquered in early 1800’s • One of the world’s great naval and trading powers during the 14th/15th centuries • The city was governed by the Great Council, which was made up of members of the most influential families in Venice