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The Italian Renaissance. Begins mid 1300s…. Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy?. City states survived and prospered Centers of trade and manufacturing Emergence of wealthy, powerful merchant class Economic and political leadership Education and individual achievement. The Medicis.

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the italian renaissance

The Italian Renaissance

Begins mid 1300s…

why did the renaissance begin in italy
Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy?
  • City states survived and prospered
    • Centers of trade and manufacturing
  • Emergence of wealthy, powerful merchant class
    • Economic and political leadership
    • Education and individual achievement
the medicis
The Medicis
  • Family in Florence – Italian city state
  • Richest merchants and bankers in Europe
  • Unofficially ruled Florentine government
  • Lorenzo Medici – Renaissance ideal
    • Patron – financial supporter of arts
humanism
Humanism
  • Study of classical, Greco-Roman culture
  • Focus on worldly subjects
  • Versatile in many areas – politics, literature, music, arts
  • Individual has dignity and worth
  • Seek fulfillment in daily life
    • Stress individual experiences & achievements
  • Petrarch – Father of Humanism
    • Intellectual life
    • Library of Greek and Roman manuscripts
    • Use of pure classical Latin (used by Romans)
revival of the arts
Revival of the Arts
  • Realism – rules of perspective
  • Shading – objects look round & real
  • Emphasis on human anatomy; live models
  • 3 artists of the High Italian Renaissance:
    • Da Vinci
    • Raphael
    • Michelangelo
slide17

Michelangelo –

The Rome Pieta

slide21

It is not Leonardo

dressed as a woman!

the renaissance moves north
The Renaissance Moves North

The Flemish painters are known for their portrayal of common man

They were the first to use oil paints, which provided exquisite detail.

slide26

Durer and the humanity of

religious figures.