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The Italian Renaissance

The Italian Renaissance

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The Italian Renaissance

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  1. The Italian Renaissance 6-5 The student will demonstrate an understanding of the development and the impact of the Renaissance on Europe and the rest of the world.

  2. Renaissance • **Renaissance means “rebirth”. It refers to the period that followed Europe’s Middle Ages. • **Money for the Renaissance came from trade. • One big idea that came from this time is that all humans were important no matter how much money they had and deserved an education. Renaissance Education

  3. How the Renaissance Began • **Increased trade with Asia brought wealth to Italian trade cities, leading to the Renaissance. • The growth of wealthy trading cities in Italy led to a rebirth of the arts and learning called the Renaissance. Silk & Spice Trade

  4. Trading Centers • **Four northern Italian cities became trading centers. • Florence • Genoa • Milan • Venice **The cities of Milan & Florence were manufacturing centers. Venice & Genoa were port cities on the Mediterranean Sea, where the goods & services flowed. Bustling Port of Venice

  5. Italian City-States • Look at the map & find the major trading cities in Italy. Can you list the four major cities? • Florence • Genoa • Milan • Venice

  6. Banking & The Medici Family • Bankers kept money for merchants all over Europe & made money by charging interest, a fee that lenders charge people who borrow money from them. • **The Medici family were the greatest of the Florence bankers. They were the richest family in Florence. Their fortune gave them political power as well. “Money-Changer & his Wife” Marinus van Reymerswaele (1539)

  7. **Cosimo Medici wanted Florence to be the most beautiful city in the world. He hired artists to decorate his palace. **He also valued education, built libraries & collected books. His workers needed to read, write, & understand math. The Medici family were patrons of the arts. **Patrons are sponsors & supporters of the arts. They would give money to support the artists or have the artists create works. The Medici Family Cosimo de Medici

  8. The Medici Family • This is a portrait of Giuliano de Medici by Raphael. There are several portraits of the Medici family because they were patrons of the arts. • What is a patron? Giuliano de Medici

  9. Humanism • During the Middle Ages, people were devoted to religious study. • **By the 1300s, scholars began to study subjects such as history, literature, public speaking, & art. These subjects were called the humanities, and they led to the thinking and learning known as humanism. • Humanism is a way of thinking & learning that stresses the importance of human abilities & actions. “Virtruvian Man” Leonardo Da Vinci

  10. Changes from Humanism • **Art & literature had only been based on religion, but now they would focus on humans, politics, religion, & various styles of writing & art. • **Artist began painting portraits, anatomy of the human body was being studied & human intelligence was recognized, an interaction between subject & ruler began, ordinary people (sons of middle class families) were educated. Michelangelo’s “David”

  11. **Another BIG change was books were being published in the language the people spoke. **Vernacular is the term given when the author writes in the language the people use so they can read it. Advances in Literature “De Humani Corporis Fabrica” (Anatomy Book) Vesalius, 1555

  12. New Studies • Anatomy was one new subject that was being studied by people during this time. • What are some other subjects that were studied? What were these called? Leonardo Da Vinci’s Anatomical Drawings

  13. Review • Renaissance means rebirth. • Money in the Italian Renaissance came from trade. • The big idea from this time is that all humans were important no matter how much money they had or who they were. • Education became the means to a better life. Florence Cathedral