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The Italian Renaissance. Quick Vocab Review . Renaissance: means “rebirth” Bringing back the classical world of the Greeks and Romans. Characteristics of the Italian Renaissance. Italy is made up of city-states

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quick vocab review
Quick Vocab Review
  • Renaissance: means “rebirth”
    • Bringing back the classical world of the Greeks and Romans
characteristics of the italian renaissance
Characteristics of the Italian Renaissance
  • Italy is made up of city-states
    • These city-states were the center of the Italian political, economic, and social worlds
  • These city-states are secular
    • Many Italians began to enjoy day-to-day activities and the benefits of strong trade and industry
characteristics of the italian renaissance1
Characteristics of the Italian Renaissance
  • Europe is recovering from disasters of the 14th century
    • Who can think of some of them?
    • Recovery and rebirth go hand in hand
  • Italian thinkers going back to their Roman past
    • Once again interested in the culture that dominated the ancient Mediterranean world
      • Started seeing humans in new ways
      • Affected politics and art
characteristics of the italian renaissance2
Characteristics of the Italian Renaissance
  • New Emphasis on the individual and their abilities
    • New social ideal: well-rounded personality, or universal person
    • The “Renaissance Man” – able to achieve things in many different areas of life

I’m DaVinci… I am the ULTIMATE Renaissance Man. I was skilled as a painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, and mathematician…


the italian states
The Italian States
  • What is a city-state?
    • Independent governments that are not unified or part of a single entity
  • During the Renaissance, Italy did not form a centralized government
who were the powerhouses
Who were the powerhouses?
  • Milan: Duomo Square
  • Venice
  • Florence
why was it that the italian cities prospered
Why was it that the Italian cities prospered?
  • Benefited from trade on the Mediterranean as well as northern Europe
  • Profited from the crusades—set up new trading centers in eastern ports
  • Location is Key:
    • On the crossroads of trade routes from Italian coastal cities to the Alpine
  • Ruled by Visconti and Sforza families
    • Created a strong central government
    • Efficient tax system brought great revenues
  • Rich from trading in eastern Mediterranean and northern Europe
  • Ran by merchant-aristocrats
  • Wealth gave the city international power
  • Led several successful military campaigns to gain land and influence
  • Controlled by the Medici family
    • They used power and wealth to control the city through appointing favorites and supporters
the problem with being a little guy
The Problem with being a “little guy”
  • France and Spain made Italy their battle ground
    • The Italian city-states weren’t powerful enough to protect themselves from the French so they appealed to the Spanish for help
  • Spanish leaders couldn’t pay their troops so they said the soldiers could sack Rome
    • Sack of Rome 1527—end of Renaissance
    • Women raped, church officials sold as slaves, churches and palaces robbed
  • Diplomat in Florence, forced to exile
  • Wrote “The Prince”
  • His views had a profound influence on later political leaders
social classes of the renaissance
Social Classes of the Renaissance
  • Three classes (or ‘estates’)
    • Clergy (those who prayed)
    • Nobles (those who fought)
    • Peasants/Townspeople (those who worked)
  • Only 2-3% of the population
    • Held important political posts and advised the king
  • The Book of Courtier— Castiglione (1528)
    • Nobles are born, not made; should have character, grace, and talent
    • Perfect noble must take part in military and have a classical education
    • Standards of conduct
    • Goal is to serve prince effectively and honestly
peasants and townspeople
Peasants and Townspeople
  • Made up 85-90% of the population
    • Serfdom and manorialism in decline
  • Townspeople 12% population
    • Artisans and merchants (middle-class)
    • Patricians were at the top of society, ruling society, politics, and the economics of their city-state
    • Burghers—shopkeepers, artisans, guild members
    • The destitute—poor and unemployed
    • Poverty in the cities was on the rise
family structures
Family Structures
  • Parents carefully arranged marriages to strengthen family and business ties
    • Dowry: sum of $ paid by wife’s family to husband
  • Patriarchal society
    • This means that ____________ are in charge…
    • Father-husband managed all finances, made decisions regarding children
    • Children did not become adults until they were legally freed by father in court
    • Mother supervised the household