The Dead Sea from Qumran What are the Dead Sea Scrolls? The Dead Sea Scrolls are ancient manuscripts that were discovered in caves along the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea, the lowest spot on earth.
QUMRAN ISRAEL JORDAN Dead Sea
What are the Dead Sea Scrolls? • The scrolls were found in limestone cliffs, and in marl caves. • These caves are found in the Qumran plateau located at the Wadi Qumran.
Qumran Plateau Marl caves Limestone Cliffs Wadi Qumran
Scroll Jar What are the Dead Sea Scrolls? They are: • A collection of 931 documents • Oldest copies of the Old Testament • Jewish sectarian writings • Composed in Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek • Produced between 250 BC and AD 68 • Hidden in Judean desert caves before AD 68
Scroll From Cave 1 Discovering the Dead Sea Scrolls • In the 1940’s, shepherds of the Ta’amirah Bedouin tribe were tending their goat herds in the Judean desert. • There, shepherds stumbled upon caves containing the Dead Sea Scrolls.
Discovering the Dead Sea Scrolls Juma'a Abu-Hashaba Muhammad edh-Dhib
Discovering the Dead Sea Scrolls • Ta’amireh shepherd Muhammed al-Asi (pictured right) was part of the group of Bedouin who searched for a lost goat in the 1940’s. • The Bedouin threw a rock into an upper cave opening to scare the goat out of the cave; he heard the sound of breaking pottery.