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Flickr image by Jim Drought “Inquiry” meets “Guided Inquiry” ++ Changing attitudes - Whaling. Inquiry meets Guided Inquiry Dr Ross Todd/ Dr Carol Kuhlthau. “Guided inquiry” complements and extends “Inquiry”

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inquiry meets guided inquiry changing attitudes whaling

Flickr image by Jim Drought

“Inquiry” meets “Guided Inquiry”


Changing attitudes - Whaling

inquiry meets guided inquiry dr ross todd dr carol kuhlthau
Inquiry meets Guided InquiryDr Ross Todd/ Dr Carol Kuhlthau
  • “Guided inquiry” complements and extends “Inquiry”
  • Well known proponents

Dr Ross Todd

  • Assoc Prof Lib Studies/ CISSL

Dr Carol Kuhlthau

  • Prof Emerita Lib/ Info Studies Rutgers Uni, Long Island, USA
inquiry meets guided inquiry collaboration and integration
Key GI components

Collaborative planning

“Interventions”/planned use of resources

Students support ongoing

Integrated assessment


Building Guided Inquiry Teams for 21st-Century Learners

by Carol C. Kuhlthau and Leslie K. Maniotes

School Library Monthly/Volume XXVI, Number 5/January 2010

Building Guided Inquiry Teams for 21st-Century Learners. 

Flickr image by Jim Drought

Inquiry meets Guided inquiryCollaboration and integration
Inquiry meets Guided inquiryCollaborative planning: teachers/ library teams/ specialists/ content experts
inquiry meets guided inquiry gi the affective domain
Inquiry meets Guided InquiryGI & the affective domain

Research says

Students associate “research” with “abandonment”…..

e.g. Carol Kuhlthau, Rosemary Hipkins (NZCER)

“Independent learning” often has similar connotation for students..

GI has student support as a key element

Flickr image by Avispado

inquiry meets guided inquiry quality inquiries summary key inquiry themes importance of
Inquiry meets Guided inquiryQuality “Inquiries” summaryKey inquiry themes/ importance of:
  • Questioning approach
  • Emotional engagement
  • Student choice
  • Authentic, real life purpose – “mattering”
  • Student challenge
  • Reflection Hmmm?So oo?
  • It’s not over till it’s over
  • Focus on use of experts for information…

Flickr image by Istlibrary

inquiry meets guided inquiry quality guided inquiries summary differences from inquiry
Inquiry meets Guided inquiryQuality “Guided Inquiries” summaryDifferences from Inquiry?
  • Initiated through compelling situations/ meaningful questions
  • Involves authentic activities which help students engage in problem solving and critical thinking
  • Student choice over specific questions and presentation formats
  • Students systemmatically engage with diverse information sources to build background knowledge, formulate their focus and collect pertinent information to construct new knowledge.
  • Sustained dialogue between students, teachers, librarians as students develop their ideas/ concepts.
  • Learning activities closely resemble the ways people are expected to to develop and use knowledge in the “real”, “working” world.
  • Students feel valued, supported and acknowledged in their learning.
  • Students have the opportunity to practice new skills to sustain learning.
inquiry meets guided inquiry guided inquiry inquiry
Inquiry meets Guided inquiryGuided inquiry = Inquiry ++

Guided inquiry =

  • The standard elements of “Inquiry” e.g. questionning approach/ authentic student activities


  • Collaborative overview planning including library/ information staff
  • Planned use of resources used as “interventions”
  • On going student emotional support as they research
  • Collaborative assessment

Flickr image by Tommy Sims

inquiry meets guided inquiry guided inquiry resources
Inquiry meets Guided InquiryGuided Inquiry & resources
  • Rich resources = where students have the opportunity to intereact with a wide variety of information sources representing a range of information/ opinions
  • Primary and secondary sources: GI encourages going to the primary (original) source as well as the interpretation (secondary source)
  • “Experts” focus maintained/ extended
  • Multi modal resources = a balance of resource “modes” including paper, electronic & live in a variety of systems / genres…
  • Resources planned to encourage student “critical thinking”: judgement/ choices = 21century literacy
inquiry meets guided inquiry e g changing attitudes over time whaling
Inquiry meets Guided inquirye.g. Changing attitudes over time..Whaling

Inquiry BIG concept/ question:

  • How/ why have attitudes changed between our great (great, great…) grandparents days and our own...if they have?
  • Context = Whaling

Flickr image by Ken Bondy

inquiry meets guided inquiry interventions tuning in initiation
Inquiry meets Guided inquiryInterventions: Tuning in/ Initiation

Building engagement with atopic

Providing fascinating resources/ images

Affective domain: dealing with  student feelings

Building student confidence/ competence/ enthusiasm 

Flickr image by g-ma

Inquiry meets Guided inquiryChanging attitudes/ values since our great grandparents times..Whaling..Initiation
  • 1870s image that represents attitudes to whaling at that time..
  • Flickr: current images
inquiry meets guided inquiry whaling initial questions
Inquiry meets Guided inquiry“Whaling” initial questions…

Tools e.g.

  • Coloured “stickies”
  • Wallwisher = an online sticky notice board tool..
  • Flickr image byNew Bedford whaling
Inquiry meets Guided inquiryChanging attitudes/ values since our great grandparents times..Finding out/ Selection

Quality background information

Building on prior knowledge

Affective domain/ student feelings

Sharing/ encouraging the excitement of the new

Flickr image by Digitalsadhu

inquiry meets guided inquiry finding out selection
Inquiry meets Guided inquiryFinding out/ Selection

General background information tools

e.g.Britannica Online (EPIC) Try this search: Whaling: Primary School article: go down the Whales article to Whale hunting: read/ listen to sound recording

Google Images

inquiry meets guided inquiry primary secondary sources summary definitions
Primary sources

= Original information produced near the time…

Secondary sources

= Interpretative information produced any time - best recently…

Primary or Secondary?

photographs of whales

“whalers tales”

whaling boats/ tusks

old newspaper articles

interview with whaler

interview with DOC

Britannica Online entry about whales/whaling

Inquiry meets Guided inquiryPrimary/ Secondary sources summary definitions
Inquiry meets Guided inquiryChanging attitudes since our great grandparents times..Sorting out/ Exploration

Building multiple viewpoints

Widening range of resources…

Mix of primary and secondary sources

Affective domain/ student feelings

Encouragement by guiding students to a range of resources

Flickr image by Commerciante Di Maiali

inquiry meets guided inquiry changing attitudes whaling exploration of a w ider range of attitudes
Inquiry meets Guided inquiryChanging attitudes: Whaling..Exploration of a wider range of attitudes

inquiry meets guided inquiry paperspast example search
Inquiry meets Guided inquiryPapersPast example search:

Limit search to Otago Witness - Whaling Waikouaiti:

“Capture of two whales” 1872 article

“Capture of a whale” 1869 article

  • Try a similar search using a newspaper in your own area…
  • Is PapersPast a primary or secondary source?
inquiry meets guided inquiry changing attitudes whaling now then
Inquiry meets Guided inquiryChanging attitudes: WhalingNow & then:

Now: 2008

What do we feel?


How do we know?

Then: 1870s

What did they feel?


How do we know?

inquiry meets guided inquiry going further formulation
Inquiry meets Guided inquiryGoing further /Formulation

Final focus questions..

Students own personal/ group questions on whales/ whaling or other aspect of life in their great grandparents day….

Affective domain/ student feelings

Encouragement by suggesting/ supporting students use of resources to make their cases/ answer their questions..

inquiry meets guided inquiry starter guiding questions
Inquiry meets Guided inquiry“Starter Guiding questions???”
  • What do you already know about…?
  • What part of this topic are you really curious about …?
  • Why do want to explore this this topic..?
  • What do you think you might discover about…?
  • What is the purpose of your research?
  • Who will your audience be? What do you want them to understand about your research?
  • How are you going to share your learning?
inquiry meets guided inquiry on going questioning
Inquiry meets Guided InquiryOn going questioning…
  • What can you tell me about your discoveries?
  • What did you find that surprised you?
  • What is really important about your findings? Why? To whom?
  • How has your thinking changed since the start of your research?
  • Have you drawn any conclusions?
  • What would you like to see happen now?
inquiry meets guided inquiry whaling more questions
Inquiry meets Guided inquiry“Whaling” more questions…
  • Students choice of their own questions …
  • Richer questions likely now because of new knowledge about whaling now and in our grandparents times.
  • Ongoing support

Flickr image by guano

inquiry meets guided inquiry synthesis construction
Inquiry meets Guided inquirySynthesis/Construction

Synthesis tools


Presentation tools e.g.

  • Glogster
  • Ongoing support by collaborative team: teachers/ librarians/ others…
  • Flickr image by Frank S.Todd
inquiry meets guided inquiry monitoring and assessment e g
Inquiry meets Guided inquiryMonitoring and assessment e.g.

Library instructional team members could monitor the information literacy aspects of a Guided inquiry, e.g.

Standard: The student who is information literate evaluates information critically and competently.


1:Determines accuracy, relevance and comprehensiveness of information

2: Distinguishes between fact, point of view and opinion

3: Identifies inaccurate and misleading information

4: Selects information appropriate to the problem or question at hand

inquiry meets guided inquiry reflections hmmm so oo in my school
Inquiry meets Guided InquiryReflections…hmmm/ so-oo…in my school?

Flickr image by Michael Dawes