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Scaffolding Guided Inquiry Magnetism and Electricity – Lighting the Bulb. How Students Learn Science National Research Council (2005). Engage to activate prior knowledge Develop competence Deep foundation of factual knowledge Understand facts in the context of big ideas

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Scaffolding Guided InquiryMagnetism and Electricity – Lighting the Bulb

How Students Learn ScienceNational Research Council (2005)

• Engage to activate prior knowledge

• Develop competence

• Deep foundation of factual knowledge

• Understand facts in the context of big ideas

• Organize knowledge to facilitate retrieval

and application

• Utilize metacognitive approaches to instruction

• Best Practices

• Research-Based Strategies

• Lessons Learned

Intended

Curriculum

Intended

Curriculum

Implemented

Curriculum

Implemented

Curriculum

Achieved

Curriculum

Achieved

Curriculum

Not Aligned

Aligned

Based on Marzano (2001)

### Magnetism and Electricity

Lighting the Bulb

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• Big Idea

• Lesson Content Goals and Guiding Questions

• Magnetism and electricity are part of a single force.

BIG IDEA

1) Using a wire, a battery and a bulb, what does it require to light the bulb? What is the role of the battery, the bulb and the wire?

1) It requires a complete loop (circuit from one end of an energy source (battery) through an energy receiver (bulb) and return to the other end of the battery to light the bulb. The wire (energy conductor) is the pathway for the energy to flow between the energy source and the energy receiver.

LESSON CONTENT GOALS

GUIDING QUESTIONS

2) A closed circuit is a complete loop that allows electricity to flow; an open circuit does not make a complete loop and the electricity will not flow.

2) What are the differences between an open and closed circuit?

Kit Inventory to light the bulb? What is the role of the battery, the bulb and the wire?

• What color is this?

• What can this be used for?

• Where have you seen this before?

Word Wall to light the bulb? What is the role of the battery, the bulb and the wire?

IMPLEMENTED CURRICULUM to light the bulb? What is the role of the battery, the bulb and the wire?

• Engaging scenario

• Focus Question

• Prediction

• Data

• Claims and Evidence

• Conclusion

• Reflection

Engaging Scenario to light the bulb? What is the role of the battery, the bulb and the wire?

You and your friends are at Disneyland. You decide to go on the Haunted Mansion ride. You get on the ride. The ride starts. Then all of a sudden the ride stops and everything goes pitch black except for the screams and howls inside the Haunted Mansion. Then a voice comes on the speaker. “Ladies and gentlemen, boys and girls this is the ride technician at Disneyland. I have some good news and bad news for you.”

“The good news is that power will be restored. The bad news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

Engaging Scenario news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

• A small bulb

• Wire

• A battery

You and your friends have a problem. news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

What is the problem here?

?

Focus Question news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”Criteria

• Provides students a role

• Is a simple question directly related to the scenario that can be investigated with results that can be communicated.

• Cannot be answered “yes” or “no”.

FOCUS QUESTION news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

With your group discuss a focus question and record it in your notebook. Be prepared to share with the class.

1ST NOTEBOOK ENTRY

Focus Question(s) news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

How can we find a way to light the bulb using a battery, wire and bulb?

Prediction news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”Gives students a stake in the results

• Write a prediction describing what you think will happen - an answer to the focus question.

• Conditional statements

If ………. then …….. will

happen because…..

or

I think ……. will happen because ……

2ND NOTEBOOK ENTRY

Planning Steps news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

• General Plan

• What should be changed?

(independent variable)

• What should be kept the same?

(controlled variable)

• What kind of effect will be observed/measured?

(dependent variable)

• Operational Plan

• First …

• Second….

• Third…

• Next…

• Finally….

• Data Organizer

Task news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

• Diagram at least three ways to light the bulb

• Diagram at least three ways the bulb did not light

Things to consider news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

• How are you going to organize your diagrams? (data)

Data Organizer ?

DATA news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”Organizing and planning

Before you begin solving the problem,

How will you organize your data?

Discuss with your group the design of the chart and record it in the notebook. You may not start testing your prediction until your chart is ready.

3rd NOTEBOOK ENTRY

Symbols to Use in Your Diagrams news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

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Light Bulb

Wire

Battery

Making Meaning Conference news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

• Planned discussion that uses an organizer to make thinking visible.

Making Meaning Conference news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

• What patterns can we see from our data?

• What claims can we make?

• What evidence do we have to support our claims?

Making Meaning Conference news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

• Discussion Points – Guiding Questions.

• Using a wire, a battery and a bulb, what does it require to light the bulb? What is the role of the battery, the bulb, and the wire? (What were you going to observe or measure)

• What are the differences between a closed (a circuit that lights the bulb) and an open (a circuit that does not light the bulb) circuit? What is your evidence?

Examining Your Data news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

• Look at your diagrams showing when the bulb did not light

• Where did the wire touch the bulb?

• Where did the bulb touch the battery?

Examining Your Data news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

• What claims can you make about the ways the bulb did not light?

I claim the bulb did not light because ……….

Examining news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”Your Data

• Look at your diagrams showing when the bulb lit

• Where did the wire touch the bulb?

• Where did the bulb touch the battery?

Examining Your Data news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

• These places are called critical contact points

• Be sure to label the critical contact points on your diagrams

Examining Your Data news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

• What claims can you make about the ways the bulb lit?

I claim the bulb lit because ………….

Writing Claims Supported by Evidence news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

I claim that I claim this because

I know that I know this because

Claims and evidence news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

CONCLUSION news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

• Look at your prediction again.

• How did the evidence support your

• prediction?

• Do you wish to affirm or revise your

• prediction? Why?

• My prediction was accurate because…..

• I wish to revise my prediction

• because…

CONCLUSION news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

Write a concluding sentence using one of the stems:

“Today I learned … .”

or

“In conclusion, … .”

REFLECTION news is that it may not be until tomorrow and you will spend the night in the dark in the Haunted Mansion. There is a way to get out before tomorrow. If you reach into the front of your car you will find a ziplock bag. Inside the bag are a a wire, a battery and a bulb. There is a way to assemble them to make a light to find your way out before tomorrow morning.”

Think about the investigation we just completed. Use one of the stems below to write a reflection regarding the investigation.

What if …?

A new question I have now is… ?

I want to know more about ... ?

I am confused about … ?

1) Using a wire, a battery and a bulb, what does it require to light the bulb? What is the role of the battery, the bulb and the wire?

1) It requires a complete loop (circuit from one end of an energy source (battery) through an energy receiver (bulb) and return to the other end of the battery to light the bulb. The wire (energy conductor) is the pathway for the energy to flow between the energy source and the energy receiver.

LESSON CONTENT GOALS

GUIDING QUESTIONS

2) A closed circuit is a complete loop that allows electricity to flow; an open circuit does not make a complete loop and the electricity will not flow.

2) What are the differences between an open and closed circuit?

Achieved Curriculum to light the bulb? What is the role of the battery, the bulb and the wire?

• How do we know if the intended curriculum is met if effective feedback is not in place?

Feedback to light the bulb? What is the role of the battery, the bulb and the wire? “Issues, Evidence, and You.”

• For example:

• What evidence do you have in your data to support your claims?

• What claims can you make from your evidence?

• What is another explanation for what happened?

Feedback Research to light the bulb? What is the role of the battery, the bulb and the wire?

• Academic achievement in classes where effective feedback is provided to students is considerably higher than the achievement in classes where it is not. (Marzano, 2001)

• The most powerful single modification for improving education must be “dollops” of feedback.

(Hattie, 1992)

• Students’ communication skills and understanding did not improve over the course of instruction during the school year. This latter result may be due, in part, to the fact that teachers provided little, if any, feedback.

(Shavelson, 2003)

• Task Specific to light the bulb? What is the role of the battery, the bulb and the wire?

• FEEDBACK GUIDE

• What were students expected to do in their notebooks?

• Focus Question – Investigable

• Prediction - uses “because”

• Data Organizer with headings /title

• 3 accurate labeled diagrams that lit and the paths are traced using arrows

• 3 accurate labeled diagrams of connections that did not light.

• Claims and Evidence

• Claims show understanding of the content of the Intended Curriculum.

• Claims are complete and supported by evidence.

• Examples given are clear, accurate, and labeled.

• Conclusion

• Reflection

• Task Specific to light the bulb? What is the role of the battery, the bulb and the wire?

• FEEDBACK GUIDE

• What were students expected to do in their notebooks?

• Focus Question – Investigable

• Prediction - uses “because”

• Data Organizer with headings /title

• 3 accurate labeled diagrams that lit and the paths are traced using arrows

• 3 accurate labeled diagrams of connections that did not light.

• Claims and Evidence

• Claims show understanding of the content of the Intended Curriculum.

• Claims are complete and supported by evidence.

• Examples given are clear, accurate, and labeled.

• Conclusion

• Reflection