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Chapter 4. Life in the Colonies. Ch 4-1 I Can Statement. I can understand how the English ideas about government and trade affected the colonies. Ch 4-1 Bullet Point Statements. Bullet Point #1: The Magna Carta and English Bill of Rights guaranteed the rights of English citizens.

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chapter 4

Chapter 4

Life in the Colonies

ch 4 1 i can statement
Ch 4-1 I Can Statement

I can understand how the English ideas about government and trade affected the colonies

ch 4 1 bullet point statements
Ch 4-1 Bullet Point Statements
  • Bullet Point #1: The Magna Carta and English Bill of Rights guaranteed the rights of English citizens.
  • Bullet Point #2: By 1760, each of the 13 colonies had a legislature to make laws.
  • Bullet Point #3:England passed the Navigation Acts to regulate colonial trade.
magna carta
Magna Carta
  • Magna Carta: document that limited the power of a ruler
  • 1215 King John of England was forced to sign
  • Made it so the ruler had to consult the nobles to make taxes
  • Protected the right to private property and trial by jury
  • Legislature: a group of people who have the power to make laws
  • Two-house legislature, house of lords(inherited titles) and house of commons(elected)
  • Main job: approve new taxes
english bill of rights
English Bill of Rights
  • 1688 Parliamentary power increases
  • Glorious Revolution: parliament removes King James II from the throne
  • Mary and William of Orange invited to rule
  • Bill of rights: written list of freedoms that a government promises to protect
  • Habeas Corpus: the principle that a person can’t be held in prison without being charged with a specific crime
colonial legislature
Colonial Legislature
  • Colonists wanted to take a part in governing themselves
  • House of Burgesses= 1st legislature in North America
  • 1760, every British colony in North America had a legislature of some kind
right to vote
Right to Vote
  • Political rights increasing
  • People not allowed to vote= women, African Americans, and Indians
freedom of press
Freedom of Press
  • Freedom of Press: the right of journalists to publish the truth without restriction or penalty
  • Zenger Trial
  • Libel: publishing of statements that could damage a person’s reputation
  • The press has a right and responsibility to to keep the public informed of the truth
regulating trade
Regulating Trade
  • North America= source of raw materials and a place to sell England’s products
  • Navigation acts:
    • 1. Shipments from Europe to English colonies had to go through England first
    • 2. Any imports to England from the colonies had to be sent in English made ships
    • 3. The colonies could only sell tobacco and sugar to England
ch 4 2 i can statement
Ch 4-2 I Can Statement

I can understand the characteristics of colonial society.

ch 4 2 bullet point statements
Ch 4-2 Bullet Point Statements
  • Bullet Point #1: In colonial society, men, women, and children had clearly defined roles.
  • Bullet Point #2: Colonial American offered poor and middle-class whites the opportunity to own land and improve their social status.
family in colonial times
Family in Colonial Times


  • Need for large families
  • Widely separated from others
  • Families were very close
  • Each family member had many responsibilities


  • Easier for single people to live
  • Families still important

Extended family: a family that includes parents, children, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins

roles of women
Roles of Women
  • Expected to marry who their parents chose for them
  • Childcare focused
  • Domestic jobs: cooking, laundry, sewing
  • Jobs differed from on the frontier to in the city
young people
Young People
  • Big deal if children survived infancy
  • After age 7, before children were required to work
  • Worked on farm and household chores, believed it was to prepare kids for adult life
  • Started to become apprentices(someone who learns a trade by working for someone in that trade for a certain period of time)
social classes
Social Classes
  • Gentry: upper class of colonial society
  • Middle Class: made up of small planters, independent farmers and artisans
  • Indentured Servants: signed contracts to work from 4-10 years in the colonies for anyone who would pay for his or her passage to the Americas.
ch 4 3 i can statement
Ch 4-3 I Can Statement

I can understand how slavery developed in the colonies and affected colonial life.

ch 4 3 bullet point statements
Ch 4-3 Bullet Point Statements
  • Bullet Point #1: More than 10 million Africans were transported to the Americas in the Atlantic slave trade.
  • Bullet Point #2: The plantation economy of the South became dependent on the labor of the enslaved African Americans.
  • Bullet Point #3: Slave codes did not stop occasional slave revolts.
atlantic slave trade
Atlantic Slave Trade
  • Spanish and Portuguese brought over the first Africans
  • British, French and Dutch also entered the trade
  • About 10 million enslaved Africans brought to the Americas between 1500s to 1800s
middle passage
Middle Passage
  • Voyage from African coast across the Atlantic in slave ships
  • Overcrowded ships to increase profit
  • Led to death, suicide, families being separated
triangular trade
Triangular Trade
  • Triangular trade: three-way trade between the colonies, the islands of the Caribbean and Africa
  • Made New England Merchants rich
  • Disobeyed navigation acts
slavery in the colonies
Slavery in the Colonies
  • First Africans were servants not slaves
  • Plantation system, reason why slavery took root and grew
  • Slaves preferred to servants
  • Need for cheap labor grows
  • Early attempts to stop slavery that failed

Not all Africans were slaves

  • Slavery was linked to racism
  • Racism: the belief that one race is superior or inferior to another
resistance to slavery
Resistance to Slavery
  • Numbers of enslaved increase
  • Whites scared of revolts
  • Slave codes: strict laws that restricted the rights and activities of slaves
african cultural influences
African Cultural Influences
  • Lives differed from colony to colony
  • North: worked as blacksmiths, house servants, or on farms
  • South: farmed
  • Tried to keep customs from Africa
ch 4 4 i can statements
Ch 4-4 I Can Statements

I can understand how ideas about religion and government influenced colonial life.

ch 4 4 bullet point statements
Ch 4-4 Bullet Point Statements
  • Bullet Point #1: Education during colonial times was influenced by religion.
  • Bullet Point #2: The Great Awakening of the 1730s and 1740s led to the rise of new churches.
  • Bullet Point #3:Enlightenment thinkers influenced ideas about government and natural rights.
puritan beginnings
Puritan Beginnings
  • Promoted education
  • Required parents to teach children and servants how to read
  • Public school: school supported by taxes
  • Puritan schools were run by both public and private money
colonial schools
Colonial Schools
  • Included religious instruction
  • Taught reading, writing and arithmetic
  • Learned from a hornbook(paddle-shaped board with a printed lesson on top, protected by a transparent piece of animal horn)
  • South had fewer schools
  • Poor children didn’t attend school

Not all schools allowed girls, or only allowed them in the summer when boys weren’t around

  • Dame schools: schools that women opened in their homes to teach girls and boys to read and write
education for african americans
Education for African Americans
  • Some churches offered schooling for free Africans
  • Enslaved people passed on learning in secret
upper levels
Upper Levels
  • After elementary school came grammar school(similar to high school)
    • Only boys went
  • Learned Greek, Latin, geography, math, and English composition
  • Colleges opened up in the 1630s
roots of american literature
Roots of American Literature


Ben Franklin

Best loved colonial writer

Started a newspaper

The Pennsylvania Gazette

  • Anne Bradstreet: first colonial poet
  • Phillis Wheatly: enslaved African poet
the great awakening
The Great Awakening
  • 1730s-1740s religious revival
  • Jonathan Edwards: Massachusetts preacher who called upon people to examine their lives and commit themselves to God
  • Led to the rise of many new churches
  • National movement
  • Reinforced democratic ideas
the enlightenment
The Enlightenment
  • Intellectual movement
  • All problems could be solved by reason
  • Enlightenment thinkers looked for natural laws that would govern politics, society and economics
john locke
John Locke
  • Englishman and Enlightenment thinker
  • Wrote the Two Treatises on Government
  • Natural rights: rights that belong to every human being from birth; life liberty and property
  • Challenged divine right(belief that monarchs get their authority to rule directly from God)
  • Wrote the Spirit of the Laws
  • Argued that the powers of government should be clearly defined and limited
  • Separation of powers: division of the power of government into separate branches
    • 3 branches: legislative(make laws), executive(enforce laws), and judicial(make judgments)
enlightenment thinkers
Enlightenment Thinkers
  • Locke
  • Montesquieu