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  1. Wales, Yesterday and TodayCymru, Ddoe a Heddiw Presenter:- Graham Tubbs First Home:- 4, Fitzroy Avenue, Ebbw Vale, Monmouthshire, Wales Topics Today:- Life in Wales since the 1930’s:- General Information; Industries, Political Structure; Welsh Passion “Perhaps a tear in the eye in the middle but fun to finish!” Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  2. Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  3. Big Pit Museum at Blaenavon Dedicate this presentation to the Welsh Ladies in my life:- My Mother; My Grandmother Baker; My Aunts Dorothy and Eileen and My Daughter Rhonda Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  4. Where is Wales? Cardiff same latitude as Prince Rupert Island in Northern British Columbia Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  5. General Information about Wales Information from Wikipedia Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  6. Population Density of Wales 2006 Pop/ Per Sq Mile >2500 625 – 1250 < 250 Information from www.statswales.wales.gov.uk Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  7. Coal Mining in WalesDecline and Disappearance Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  8. Story of Declining Industries General Strike Nationalization Information from www.statswales.wales.gov.uk Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  9. Aberfan -- Oct 21st 1966 At 9.15 am on Friday, October 21, 1966 a waste tip slid down a mountainside into the mining village of Aberfan, near Merthyr Tydfil in South Wales. It first destroyed a farm cottage in its path, killing all the occupants. At Pantglas Junior School, just below, the children had just returned to their classes after singing All Things Bright and Beautiful at their assembly. It was sunny on the mountain but foggy in the village, with visibility about 50 yards. The slide engulfed the school and about 20 houses in the village before coming to rest. 144 people died in the Aberfan disaster: 116 of them were school children. About half of the children at Pantglas Junior School, and five of their teachers, were killed. Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  10. Aberfan 1966 Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  11. Aberfan – Pantglas Junior School Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  12. Aberfan Disaster – Tribunal ReportAugust 1967 Excerpts:- ……the Aberfan Disaster is a terrifying tale of bungling ineptitude by many men charged with tasks for which they were totally unfitted, of failure to heed clear warnings, and of total lack of direction from above. Not villains but decent men, led astray by foolishness or by ignorance or by both in combination, are responsible for what happened at Aberfan It concluded: Blame for the disaster rests upon the National Coal Board. This is shared ….among NCB headquarters, the South Western Divisional Board, and certain individuals… Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  13. Economic Health:-Gross Value Add (GVA)/ Head Ratio for the UK --2007 GVA = GDP-Taxes-Subsidies UK GVA= £1.125T/ $2.205T Information from www.statswales.wales.gov.uk Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  14. Economic Health GVA/Head -- Welsh Regions as a % of UK Average 2006 87 61 Welsh GVA = £42.2B / $82.7B Welsh GVA/Head = £14,226 / = $27,883 UK GVA/Head= £18,752 / $36,755 68 70 62 81 98 60 106 58 65 Information from www.statswales.wales.gov.uk Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  15. Employment in Wales by Industry Information from www.statswales.wales.gov.uk Total Number of Employees:- 1998: 1,038,100 2007: 1,186,600 Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  16. Welsh Assembly • Established in 1999 by Devolution Act of Parliament • Cannot enact new Laws or raise Revenue. Funds allocated from UK • Parliament in London. • Meet in the Senedd in Cardiff • Election Process:- • 40 First Past the Post (Constituency Winners) • 20 from 5 regions -- How? Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today Information from www.wales.gov.uk

  17. Welsh Assembly -- Cabinet Ithardly needs stating but to advance in Welsh Politics, “one needs to keep up with the Jones’ “ Information from www.wales.gov.uk Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  18. Welsh Assembly – Regional Seats? 40 Seats are classic (FPTP)– “First Past the Post” 20 Seats are Regional -- How are they allocated? Information from www.wales.gov.uk Regions:- 1/ N Wales;2/ Mid & West Wales; 3/ S Wales East;4/ S Wales Central; 5/ S Wales West Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  19. Tongue in Cheek – Wales as a Member of the EU? Information from www.wales.gov.uk and Wikipedia Compare GDP/ Capita with that of Ireland Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  20. The Welsh Passion -- Rugby Basics of Rugby:- • 15 Players on each team • Play offense and defense • No blocking • No time outs (apart from injury) • No pads or helmets • Ball can only be passed backwards • Kicking forward from live play, allowed • Ball not dead when tackle made --- ruck forms • Must release ball when on ground after a tackle • When ball goes out of play (“into touch”) lineout results • For on field minor infractions, scrum forms • For both scrum and lineout, there are structural rules • Can kick directly into touch when defending in own “25” • Try scored when ball touched down on ground in opponent’s “end zone” (no breaking the plane) • Conversion (after try) kicked from in line with where try scored • Try worth 4 points (1973) – now 5. Conversion worth 2 points Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  21. Rugby Formations -Scrum W3/4 Red has the ball/ put in P H P F L F 2ndR 2ndR SH FH FB C C W3/4 Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  22. The Welsh Passion – RugbyBackground to the Greatest Match Background:- • New Zealand All Blacks were undefeated in their 3 month tour of the UK • They had beaten England, Scotland and Wales and tied with Ireland • The British Lions (All Star team from Great Britain and Ireland) had toured New Zealand in 1971, and won the series • The Barbarians were virtually the same team as played for the British Lions in New Zealand • The Barbarians were allowed to wear their club or country shorts and socks, together with the Hooped Jersey signifying the Barbarians • The best and most exciting country team in the UK, was the Welsh one • There were 7 Welsh Players in the Barbarian’s side • The Fly Half for the Barbarians, Phil Bennett had replaced an icon, Barry John, in the Welsh Team but had played poorly in the loss to New Zealand • Watch for him gathering up the ball after a New Zealand kick ahead • All of the 7 Welshmen on the team are involved in what happens next • This game was played in Cardiff Arms Park on Jan 27th 1973 • Listen to the Crowd • Watch for a Lineout and a Scrum • Get ready to see a Welsh icon in action – Gareth Edwards • Enjoy! Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  23. Back Up Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today

  24. GVA & GVA/Hd (£ & $) Information from www.wales.gov.uk plus GST calculations Life in Wales, Yesterday and Today