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Animal Bite Case Review: WVEDSS Issues. Or, why your animal bite cases keep coming back, and coming back, and . . . . . What MUST Be Present. Demographic Information Name Address DOB Other demographic information as available. What MUST Be Present. Date of Bite/Exposure

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animal bite case review wvedss issues

Animal Bite Case Review: WVEDSS Issues

Or, why your animal bite cases keep coming back, and coming back,

and . . . . .

what must be present
What MUST Be Present
  • Demographic Information
    • Name
    • Address
    • DOB
  • Other demographic information as available
what must be present3
What MUST Be Present
  • Date of Bite/Exposure
  • Type of Exposure
  • Species of Animal
  • Public Health Investigation
    • At least:
      • Final status of animal after 10 day confinement
      • Date completed and checked
if minimum data not completed
If Minimum Data Not Completed…
  • Local health dept or Regional Epidemiologist will get animal bite report reassigned to them to correct missing vital data
  • If this information is in the NOTES section, it should still be filled out in proper section of WVEDSS form
west virginia exposure out of state resident
West Virginia Exposure, Out-of-State Resident
  • An animal bite that happens in West Virginia, but the patient is an out-of-state resident should not be entered into WVEDSS
  • Home state of patient should be notified
  • DIDE can help with notification of other states, if needed
about confinement
About Confinement
  • From 2007–2009, nearly 70% of exposures resulted in confinement of animal
    • 93% were observed at day 10 or after
  • Important to adhere to full 10-day period (start counting on the day of the exposure-Day 0)
    • Only true for cats, dogs and ferrets
    • Livestock: 14 days
slide13

dog cornered rabbit in yard by fence, child picked it up & took inside where it bit her--set it free; thinks was tame rabbit set loose by owner/got loose; encourage to keep PET appts; 03.22-have called & left numerous msgs for call back; _________ Hosp. states only had 1 rabies/RIG injection. Close

<<PEP not typically warranted for exposures to rabbits; additionally, scratches are very low risk. Case reviewed and closed. 4/1/2011 jml/DIDE>>

summary
Summary
  • Animal bites represent an important impact on the public’s health
  • Proper case management is essential to mitigating rabies risk
  • New, shortened form coming for NBS
  • Try to avoid common WVEDSS issues
slide16

Sam Mills

  • USDA Wildlife Biologist