Animal Science II- Small Animal Unit B- The Small Animal Care Industry
Essential Standard 3.00 Discuss the importance of the small animal industry.
Objective 3.01 • Discuss careers and skills needed for employment in the small animal care industry.
Assignment • Title your notes today Small Animal Industry • Brainstorm how the Small Animal Industry can benefit society in general. Put a few of your own ideas in you notebook.
Benefits of Small Animals • Economic • $38.5 billion to national economy (2006) • Companions to 60% of American Families • Children learn responsibility • Improves quality of life for elderly
Benefits of Small Animals • Product testing • Develop drugs and vaccines • Hepatitis, diphtheria, tetanus, and polio vaccines
Benefits of Small Animals • Pet therapy • Relieve depression • Reduces heart disease • Watch dogs, police dogs, seeing eye dogs • Rabbit meat • Low in cholesterol, sodium and fat • Fur and wool
Benefits of Small Animals • Exhibition • Zoos, circus acts, etc. • Rabbits provide multiple benefits • Pets • Food • Clothing • Research
Economics • Retail pet stores • 15,000-18,000 in the U.S. • Biomedical research • Supported by $15 billion in taxes and charity • 65-100 million small animals • Education • 6 million used for dissection
Economics • 4 million small animals used in the LD50 test • Americans spending on pets • $20.3 billion
Economics • Veterinary expenses • $9.2 billion annually • Supplies and OTC medicines $9.3 billion • Grooming and Boarding $2.7 billion • Dogs require twice as much for veterinary care as cats • Pet food manufacturers produce $15.4 billion in sales (2006)
General Pet Ownership • 10 million more cats than dogs (81.7 to 72 million) • Each owner averages two cats • More households have dogs (37.2%) than cats (32.4%) • Fish, birds, and rabbits rank third, fourth, and fifth respectively.
Job Types • Care and management industry • Pets • Lab animals • Zoo animals • Health • Training • Biological Sciences • Food and equipment supply
Job Types • Pharmaceutical and biotechnology research • Hospitals • Universities • Diagnostic Labs • Private firms
Job Types • Exhibitors • Operates animals acts • Carnivals • Circus • Fairs (Cleveland County Fair) • Zoo • Marine mammal displays
Care and Management Jobs • Pet care worker • Boarding kennels • Animal hospitals • Shelters • Pet stores • Training schools • Pet grooming parlors
Care and Management Jobs • Kennel attendants • Feeds and cares for animals • Cleans • Animal groomers • Bathes, brushes & trims hair and nails • Dog trainers • Teaches the dog to obey signals or commands
Care and Management Jobs • Small Animal Breeders • Raise & market fur-bearing animals, lab animals, and supply animals for pet shops • Usually specialized for one breed • Pet shop owners and managers • Dealers • Sell lab animals • Research • Education
Care and Management Jobs • Veterinarians (DVM) • Control animal injuries and disease • Disease prevention • Inspection • Meat and animals products • Surgery • Establish diets • Prescribe medications 1/3 small animals only
Care and Management Jobs • Vet. Technicians • Assist veterinarians and other staff • Skills needed: • Previous experience as a keeper • Part-time volunteer work • Shelters • Pet shops • clinics
Essential Standard 3.00 Discuss the importance of the small animal industry.
Objective 3.02 • Discuss medical terminology used by those working in the veterinarian phase of the small animal care industry
Medical Terminology • Components of medical terminology • Prefix • Beginning of the word indicating: • Number • Location • Time • Status • Root words • Word part that gives the fundamental meaning of a word
Medical Terminology • Suffixes • Word part at the end of a word indicating: • Procedure • Condition • Disease • Disorder
Medical Prefixes • a-, an- without, lack of • Anemia- without blood • anti- against, opposing • Antiseptic- against infection • bi- two, double, twice • Bilateral- two sides • dys- painful, difficult, abnormal • Dysentery- abnormal infection of the colon • pre- before • Preoperative- before surgery
Medical Root Words • carp • wrist • carpel- pertaining to the wrist • cardi • heart • cardiology- study of the heart • dors • back • dorsal- relating to the back
Medical Root Words • dent, odont • teeth • dentist- person who works with teeth • Gastr • stomach • gastronomy- surgical opening of the stomach • Gingiv • gums • gingivitis- inflammation of the gums • phleb, ven • vein • phlebotomist- person who obtains blood from veins
Medical Suffixes • algia • Pain • arthralgia- painful joints • centesis • Procedure to remove fluid • Cytocentesis- removing fluid from the bladder • itis • inflammation • bronchitis • rrhea • Flow or discharge • diarrhea
Positional Terminology • Ventral-underside of the body • Cranial-head • Anterior-front of the body • Posterior-rear of the body • Dorsal-back • Caudal-tail
Positional Terminology • Dorsal (frontal) plane-plane that divides the body into the dorsal (back) and ventral (belly) parts
Positional Terminology • Transverse (horizontal or cross-sectional) plane-plane that divides the body into cranial and caudal parts.
Positional Terminology • Visit the following website to view a Virtual Cat Dissection • External Anatomy Link http://bio.bd.psu.edu/cat/index.htm
General Terminology • Antisepsis • Biopsy • Catheterization • Clutch
General Terminology • Colostrum • Contact transmission • Endogenous • Exogenous • Incubation
General Terminology • Infectious disease • Pocket pets • Preventative health care programs • Quarantine • Spaying • Neutering • Zoonoses
Essential Standard 4.00 Explore social issues related to working with small animals.
Objective 4.01 • Summarize animal rights and animal welfare
Animal Rights • Not the same as animal welfare. • Media may wrongly use the two terms interchangeably.
Modern Animal Rights Movement • Over 400 animal rights groups exist today • Came into prominence in the 1960s and 1970s • Initially mainly made up of urban people, many of whom were vegetarians
Animal Rights Beliefs • Animals have same rights as humans (humans are also animals). • Use of animals for human purpose is wrong and suggests that humans are superior to animals. • Animals should not be used for entertainment.
Animal Rights Beliefs • Animals should not be used for: • Food • Clothing • Medical research • Product testing • Ecoterrorism is often used to prevent people from using animals.
PETA • People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals • Largest animal rights group in the world with over 800,000 members • Since 1980, it has been dedicated to establishing and protecting rights of animals.
Animal Welfare • Animal domestication dates back to early Chinese and Egyptian cultures. • Early U.S. used animals for food, clothing, shelter, transportation, and horsepower.
Animal Welfare (Religious) • Creation view that God gave man dominion over animals including use and care • Genesis 1:26 • Various religions use animal sacrifice and detail how to humanely slaughter the animal.
Animal Welfare (Legal) • Animal welfare influenced early laws. • Laws protecting animals were present before the animal rights movement.
Animal Welfare Beliefs • Humane treatment of animals • Proper housing and nutrition • Proper care for disease prevention and treatment for injuries • Euthanasia or slaughter should be done in a humane way.
YES NO The Vote? • Do animals have rights? • Should animals be used for food? • Should animals be used for experimentation? • Should hunting and trapping of animals be allowed?
Objective 4.02 • Demonstrate safe work habits and techniques used when working with small animals.
Zoonoses • A disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans Example: Rabies
Rabies • A viral disease • Affects the nervous system • Contracted by: • Bites • Scratches • Saliva