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A new system for managing Scotland’s seas. Marine Scotland – science, policy & enforcement Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 and UK Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 Marine planning Marine licensing Marine protection & enhancement. Scottish Ministers – Powers & Duties.

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A new system for managing Scotland’s seas

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a new system for managing scotland s seas
A new system for managing Scotland’s seas
  • Marine Scotland – science, policy & enforcement
  • Marine (Scotland) Act 2010 and UK Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009
      • Marine planning
      • Marine licensing
      • Marine protection & enhancement
scottish ministers powers duties
Scottish Ministers – Powers & Duties
  • Nature conservation in inshore and offshore waters around Scotland
  • Responsible for fisheries, renewables and other functions out to 200 nautical miles
  • The new Marine Acts created powers for Scottish Ministers to lead on marine planning in inshore and offshore waters
marine nature conservation
Marine Nature Conservation
  • Strategy for Marine Nature Conservation in Scotland’s Seas

  • Three pillar approach
      • Species Measures
      • Site protection measures
      • Wider seas policies and measures
types of mpa in scotland s seas
Types of MPA in Scotland’s seas
  • Nature Conservation MPAs
  • Demonstration & Research MPAs
  • Historic MPAs
  • SACs, SPAs, Ramsar & SSSIs
the policy context for nature conservation mpas
The policy context for Nature Conservation MPAs
  • Biodiversity supports ecosystem services for industries and society
  • MPAs are an internationally accepted tool - part of a 3 pillar approach by Scottish Ministers
  • Aim to identify MPA network by end of 2012
  • MPAs in Scotland’s Seas will contribute to coherent networks at UK and international level
where are we now
Where are we now?
  • New powers to designate MPAs and a duty to develop a MPA network to protect biodiversity and geodiversity
  • Project led by Marine Scotland
  • MPA guidelines recognise the potential contribution of existing areas e.g. SPAs and SACs
key principles for mpa network
Key principles for MPA network
  • Contribution to national priorities and international commitments
  • Science-based approach
  • Ecological coherence - adaptive approach and periodic review
  • Stakeholder engagement
  • Preference for multi- feature locations but provision to represent rare features
  • Manage sites to protect features and promote sustainable use
  • Anticipate a range of management approaches based on site requirements
ecological coherence
Ecological coherence
  • OSPAR guidance on key design features associated with ecological coherence:
        • Representation
        • Replication
        • Size of site
        • Adequacy
        • Connectivity
        • Management
possible components of network
Possible Components of network
  • Nature Conservation MPAs
  • Other protected areas (SACs, SPAs, SSSIs, Ramsar)
  • Demonstration and Research MPAs
  • Historic MPAs
  • Other area-based measures e.g. fisheries closures, safety exclusions around windfarms
network timescales
Network timescales

Identify a MPA network by 2012

Deliver a well managed network of sites 2016

Good Environmental Status achieved for UK seas 2020

Define Good Environmental Status 2012 (MSFD)

Report on progress of MPA network 2012

least damaged more natural
Least damaged more natural
  • Sustainable Seas for All (para 142)
  • One way of ensuring long term benefits of MPA network
  • Assumption that areas with least activity are least damaged/more natural
  • Consideration of socio-economics used to identify areas of low activity
  • Also wish to consider development plans
  • Biodiversity value needs to be considered
aims and objectives of workshop
Aims and objectives of workshop
  • Present work undertaken to identify least damaged most natural locations of biodiversity interest
  • Provide an opportunity to review the least damaged most natural dataset
future stakeholder engagement
Future stakeholder engagement


  • Marine Strategy Forum
  • Bilaterals with different national organisations
  • Other events


  • 3 national stakeholder workshops
  • Detailed discussions on MPA proposals
slide16 - Scottish waters - Territorial waters - Offshore waters