Social Policy. Inga Ļebedeva 6210. Social policy. Social Policy is the study of social services and the welfare state. In general terms, it looks at the idea of social welfare, and its relationship to politics and society. More specifically, it also considers detailed issues in.
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Social Policy Inga Ļebedeva 6210
Social policy Social Policy is the study of social services and the welfare state. In general terms, it looks at the idea of social welfare, and its relationship to politics and society. More specifically, it also considers detailed issues in
The 1950s and 1960s Under Article 117 of the Treaty of Rome (1957) the member states agreed on the need to promote improved living and working conditions. Article 118 gave the Commission the task of promoting close cooperation between member states in the social field on the following issues: • Rights of migrant workers. • Mutual recognition of professional qualifications. • Improvement of working conditions and safety. • Workers' rights in companies.
The 1970s In the 1970s, social policy began to develop "teeth": The Social Action Programme (SAP) was set up in 1974 and had the following majorobjectives: • Attainment of full and better employment. • Improvement and upward harmonisation of living and working conditions. • Increased involvement of management and labour in the EC and of workers in the life of their firms. • Implementation of a common vocational training policy.
The 1980s Social policy: • Integral part of econ policy • Strengthens social cohesion Economic integration creates winners and losers Willingness to undertake economic integration depends on the winners readiness to compensate the losers.
In 1989, at the Madrid summit, the (European) Social Charter was adopted by 11 of the EU12 (excluding the UK). It covered the following 12 policy areas: • Freedom of movement. • Fair wages. • Improvement of living and working conditions (including working hours). • Social protection. • Freedom of association and collective bargaining. • Vocational training. • Equal opportunities. • Protection of children. • Elderly persons. • Disabled persons.
The 1990s • The Protocol on Social Policy and Agreement on Social Policy, the "Social Chapter", was appended to the Maastricht Treaty. The UK was not a signatory to the Protocol . • At the Amsterdam summit (June 1997) the UK signed the Social Chapter, which allowed the Social Protocol to be incorporated, under the Treaty of Amsterdam, into the Treaty of Rome.
The 2000s • The Social (Policy) Agenda for 2005covers policies to provide jobs, fight poverty and promote equal opportunities for all. 2007 is the "Year of Equal Opportunities for All". • The current guidelines cover the period 2005. They are the employment component of the Lisbon Programme's "Integrated Guidelines for Growth and Jobs" for 2005, which also include economic management.
In July 2011, a report on the social dimension of the Europe 2020 Strategy examined actions to promote inclusion and reduce poverty, in line with the strategy’s headline targets. The report concentrates on actions in the areas of: • Sustainable reforms of social protection systems, • Active inclusion strategies, • Well-designed universal and targeted benefits for families and groups at risk • Future pension adequacy and long-term financial sustainability of pensions • Increased effectiveness of health care and long-term care.
News about Social Policy in the European Union. Technological change, globalisation and an ageing population are transforming Europe's societies. EU policies aim to keep pace with these trends, and help people adapt to changing circumstances. The renewed social agenda is aimed at creating more opportunities for EU citizens, improving access to quality services and demonstrating solidarity with those who are affected negatively by change.