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Nationalism. World History Unit #4. What is nationalism?. Loyalty to the idea of the state rather than the community Built by: Land Traditions Language Religion Blood Pride in a nation’s accomplishments in international context Sense of belonging together in a state of self-rule

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nationalism

Nationalism

World History Unit #4

what is nationalism
What is nationalism?
  • Loyalty to the idea of the state rather than the community
  • Built by:
    • Land
    • Traditions
    • Language
    • Religion
    • Blood
  • Pride in a nation’s accomplishments in international context
  • Sense of belonging together in a state of self-rule
                  • http://www.beyondbooks.com/eur12/2.asp
what are the possible results of nationalism
What are the possible results of nationalism?
  • One side:
    • Revolutions
    • Wars
    • Ethnic Tensions
    • Conflict
  • The other side:
    • New, cohesive, stable nations
  • Led to imperialism
                  • http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/global/themes/nationalism/index.cfm
how can nationalism be a unifying force on a group of people
How can nationalism be a unifying force on a group of people?
  • People usually share similar culture
  • Fragmented into small groups; infighting between factions
  • Unite to be self-governing and gain power
                  • http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/global/themes/nationalism/index.cfm
how did nationalism lead to the creation of nation states in italy germany
How did nationalism lead to the creation of nation states in Italy & Germany?
  • Italy:
    • people lived on Italian peninsula, shared language, culture & historical background
  • Germany:
    • Several small “German” states, similar culture & ancestry
    • Desired to gain political power
                  • http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/global/themes/nationalism/unification.cfm
who is otto von bismarck
Who is Otto Von Bismarck?
  • Prussian diplomat & chancellor
  • Unify Germany by “Blood & Iron”
  • Expanded military budget for tech advances
  • Defeated France, unified Germany & hailed as a hero to Germans
                  • http://www.zum.de/whkmla/region/germany/bismarck.html
what was bismarck s role in unification
What was Bismarck’s role in unification?
  • Strengthened Germany unity and power by calling on the nationalistic tendencies of the German people
  • Used “Realpolitik” policy
    • Policy of realistic politics
    • “end justifies the means” approach to strnegthening and uniting Germany
  • “Blood and Iron” sacrifices
    • Blood= war with Austria and France
    • Iron= industrialize
  • Culture of glorifying the military
  • German power grows; the stage is set for WWI
                  • http://www.zum.de/whkmla/region/germany/bismarck.html
what is bismarck s policy of blood and iron
What is Bismarck’s policy of “Blood and Iron”
  • Blood represented the sacrifices the German people would have to make in achieving the goal of unification.
    • A culture of militarism, or the glorification of the military, was created by the crafty Bismarck.
      • This played out in a series of wars against the Austrians and the French.
  • Iron represented the need to industrialize.
    • in order to be a world power, Germany would have to catch up with much of the rest of Europe in the areas of technology and factory production
        • http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/global/themes/nationalism/unification.cfm