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Nationalism

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  1. Nationalism The Twilight of Romanticism

  2. Outside European Mainstream • Poland, Bohemia, Norway, Denmark, Russia • People desired political freedom and cultural expression • Composers with limited training most likely to build harmonies and sounds of folk music in their works. • Nationalist music is the blending of folk and art music

  3. Bedrich Smetana • 1824-1884 • First Bohemian with international reputation • Father master brewer in service to Count Waldstein • Smetana public debut 6 • 14- school in Prague • Music life of Prague vibrant

  4. Bedrich Smetana • Father recalled him from Prague to finish his schooling • Eked out living as a piano teacher • 1848 Prague Revolution – helped man the barricades and wrote patriotic marches

  5. Bedrich Smetana • 1856 taught in Sweden • 1859 Austrians defeated by Napoleon III – return to Prague • Slow to achieve recognition – Liszt • Nationalist operas starting 1863 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XDjE6H5HqWk

  6. Antonin Dvorak • 1841-1904 • Father was butcher and inn-keeper • Encouraged Antonin in music • 18 violinist of Czech theater of Prague • New World Symphony http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WuqyfEyNXQo

  7. Edvard Greig • 1843-1907 • Norway’s Greatest Composer • Mother taught piano when he was 6 • Entered Leipzig conservatory and studied with Mendelssohn and Schumann

  8. Edvard Greig • Peer Gynt Suite http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lfJELhPIYQI

  9. Carl Nielsen • 1865-1931 • Denmark • Six symphonies • violinist http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aHiu2FPnLBg

  10. Russia • Serfdom • Peter the Great – opened Russia to the West. Italian opera and western music flowered in St. Petersburg and in Moscow • By the second half of 18C Russians were tired of anything missing the Russian spirit • Mikhail Glinka – Father of Russian music

  11. Mikhail Glinka • 1804-1857 • Considered the father of Russian music • Government official • Composed as a hobby • Life for a Tsar • One of “The Five” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Df3i3srpFLo

  12. Alexander Borodin • 1833-1887 • Scientist • Polovtsian Dances from Prince Igor • More than five years to complete • One of “The Five” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TmfTqVqngO8

  13. Mily Balakirev • 1837-1910 • King Lear – incidental music; Islamey piano concerto • Self appointed leader of “The Five” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bz_iA8TSDtI

  14. Modest Musorgsky • 1839-1881 • Struggled to complete operas • Boris Godunov, Khovanshina • R.K. and Shostokovich finished them • Avoided Western influence

  15. Modest Musorgsky • Pictures at an Exhibition is most recognized work • Family had both nobility and serfs • 1861 serfs liberated- M had to take on civil jobs – difficulty • Died at 42 in military • alcoholism http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FsvpFU7KY7E

  16. Peter Tchaikovsky • 1840-1893 • Embraced Western influence, learned from Rubinstein • Criticized by “the five” • Most recognized works were ballet Swan Lake Waltz http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CShopT9QUzw Sleeping Beauty Waltz http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Sb8WCPjPDs Dance of the Sugarplum fairy http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wz_f9B4pPtg

  17. Peter Tchaikovsky • Swan Lake, Sleeping Beauty, The Nutcracker

  18. Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov • 1844-1908 • Parents realized he was gifted musically • Learned piano at 6 • Naval Academy • Scheherazade • One of “The Five” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=17lEx0ytE_0