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Cutting to the Core of Common Core

Cutting to the Core of Common Core

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Cutting to the Core of Common Core

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  1. Cutting to the Core of Common Core Cathy Hale Academic Specialist for Elementary Math December 2013

  2. Is my child… • Being taught more rigorous standards? • Gaining knowledge and increasing their vocabulary from year to year? • Being asked to solve real-world problems in math? • Being asked to explain their thinking as to how they solved a math problem?

  3. If you answered yes… Then your child has experienced the Common Core State Standards!

  4. What are the Common Core State Standards (CCSS)? A set of academic standards for K-12 students developed for English Language Arts and Math

  5. CCSS were… • Designed by educators and academic experts • Inspired by standards from the world’s highest-performing countries • Adopted by S.C. in 2010 • Designed to teach critical thinking and problem solving CCSS are not a curriculum!!

  6. Why are they important for my child? • Ensure that all children receive a consistent high-quality education from school to school and state to state • Prepare our children to confront the challenges of an unpredictable and ever-changing future • Help them retain (or regain) their competitive edge in the global marketplace • Create a level playing field for all students

  7. The Shifts in Mathematics • Focus: Focus strongly where the standards focus • Coherence: Think across grades and link to major topics • Rigor: In major topics, pursue conceptual understanding, procedural skill and fluency, andapplication with equal intensity

  8. Content Shifts in Mathematics

  9. Critical Areas • Name the big ideas in math that students should learn at each grade level • Identify how instructional time should be focused

  10. Kindergarten Instructional time should focus on… • Representing, relating, and operating on whole numbers, initially with sets of objects; • Describing shapes and space.

  11. First Grade Instructional time should focus on… • Developing understanding of addition, subtraction, and strategies for addition and subtraction within 20; • Developing understanding of whole number relationships and place value; • Developing understanding of linear measurement and measuring lengths as iterating length units; • Reasoning about attributes of, and composing and decomposing geometric shapes.

  12. Second Grade Instructional time should focus on… • Extending understanding of base-ten notation; • Building fluency with addition and subtraction; • Using standard units of measure; • Describing and analyzing shapes.

  13. Third Grade Instructional time should focus on… • Developing understanding of multiplication and division and strategies for each within 100; • Developing understanding of fractions; • Developing understanding of the structure of rectangular arrays and of area; • Describing and analyzing two-dimensional shapes.

  14. Fourth Grade Instructional time should focus on… • Developing understanding and fluency with multi-digit multiplication, and dividing to find quotients involving multi-digit dividends; • Developing understanding of fraction equivalence, addition and subtraction of fractions with like denominators, and multiplication of fractions by whole numbers; • Understanding that geometric figures can be analyzed and classified based on their properties.

  15. Fifth Grade Instructional time should focus on… • Developing fluency with addition and subtraction of fractions, multiplication and division of fractions; • Extending division to 2-digit divisors, integrating decimal fractions into the place value system and developing understanding of operations with decimals to hundredths, and developing fluency with whole number and decimal operations; • Developing understanding of volume.

  16. Emphasis on the Standards for Mathematical Practice • Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. • Reason abstractly and quantitatively. • Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. • Model with mathematics. • Use appropriate tools strategically. • Attend to precision. • Look for and make use of structure. • Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.

  17. Math Expectations Students will… • Engage in real-world problem solving • Learn and use multiple strategies to solve problems • Build a conceptual understanding of concepts prior to learning tricks or shortcuts • Use concrete materials (manipulatives) and/or drawings and representations to develop understanding • Develop number sense through meaningful tasks, activities, games, and/or lessons • Fluently recall basic facts • Explain their thinking both orally and in writing

  18. Fluency CCSS identify fact fluency benchmarks: • Kindergarten – addition and subtraction facts to 5 • First Grade – addition and subtraction facts to 10 • Second Grade – addition and subtraction facts to 20 • Third Grade – multiplication and division facts to 100

  19. What is my role as a parent? • Schedule a conference with your child’s teacher to discuss his/her academic progress? • Ask to see samples of your child’s classwork in mathematics and English language arts? • Ask questions about your child’s progress? • Reinforce your child’s learning at home?

  20. How can you help your child in math? • Practice addition, subtraction, multiplication and division facts with your child. • Encourage children not to give up while solving problems, to build stamina and develop their critical thinking skills. Don’t give them the answers - ask them to think of different ways they can solve problems. • Have children illustrate the math they were thinking in their head and discuss it out loud. • Have children apply their math knowledge to a real-world scenario at home, such as doubling a recipe or calculating the area of a room.

  21. Children will become… • Active learners • Independent thinkers who can create informed opinions, critique the opinions of peers and the world, defend their arguments with evidence, and communicate their points of view effectively • Required to reason out the best answer, rather than memorize the “correct” answer

  22. Where can I get accurate information about CCSS? • Common Core State Standards • Parent Roadmaps • Video (15 min) • Parent Guides