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Long Island Sound has suffered from hypoxia for decades: Result of Global Warming? PowerPoint Presentation
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Long Island Sound has suffered from hypoxia for decades: Result of Global Warming? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Long Island Sound has suffered from hypoxia for decades: Result of Global Warming? Eutrophication? It has always been like this…. EAST LIS. CENTRAL LIS. WEST LIS. NARROWS. Sampling mud. Design “proxies” for paleo- environmental research such as Salinity Temperature

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Long Island Sound has suffered

  • from hypoxia for decades:
  • Result of Global Warming?
  • Eutrophication?
  • It has always been like this…...
slide2

EAST LIS

CENTRAL LIS

WEST LIS

NARROWS

slide5

Design “proxies” for paleo- environmental research such as

  • Salinity
  • Temperature
  • Faunal/floral characteristics
  • Oxygen saturation
  • Metals
  • Sewage
  • Calibrate proxies for these parameters on the modern LIS environment
slide6

137Cs

Chestnut blight

210Pb

Onset of hatting

industry

Ragweed pollen

14C

slide7

137CS

HG

14C

14C

slide9

MEASURES OF ORGANIC PRODUCTIVITY:

  • BURIAL RATE OF ORGANIC CARBON
  • BURIAL RATE OF DIATOM “SKELETONS”
  • (BIOGENIC SILICA)
  • PRODUCTION RATE OF HETEROTROPHS LIKE FORAMINIFERA
slide15

The d13C values in foram “shells” are related to mixing of sea and river water (salinity) and to addition of “light carbon” from photosynthetic productivity

estimate d 13 c variability not related to mixing of sea and river water d 13 c
Estimate d13C variability not related to mixing of sea and river water (d13C*)
  • Measure d18O values in foraminiferal shells
  • Calculated18O of water using BWT
  • Estimate salinity from LIS mixing model
  • Estimated13C of dissolved inorganic carbonate using the LIS mixing model
  • Subtract calculated - observed values:

d13C * =d13Ccarbonate -d13Ccalculated in water

slide23

The d13C* value indicates the amount of oxidized Corg that was added to the bottom water column.

The d13C* value serves as an indirect proxy for

OCI or Oxygen Consumption Index (Level of Paleo Oxygenation)

conclusions 1
CONCLUSIONS (1)
  • Major environmental changes in the early 1800’s:
  • Increased Corg and Bsi storage
  • Isotopically lighter carbon, lower O2 levels in bottom waters, sewage indicators, and metal pollutants
  • Increased productivity of benthic foraminifera
conclusions 2
CONCLUSIONS (2)
  • Hypoxic events may have occurred since the early 1800’s but were absent before that time. They are severe in the late 20th century. Why?
    • Enhanced productivity==> more Corg
    • Modern global warming==> higher rate of Corg decompositon and increased water stratification

HYPOXIANEED A COMBINATION OF HIGH BWT AND HIGH Corg LOADING