ANTI-GLOBAL WARMINGTHE EFFORTS OF CHINA By WEI GAO firstname.lastname@example.org
CONTENTS • GLOBAL WARMING – A GLOBE’S WARNING • IMPACTS ON CHINA • EFFORTS OF CHINA • EFFORTS OF CHINESE PEOPLE • TRUE OR NOT?
A new scientific study shows that for the first time they’re finding polar bears that have actually drowned, swimming long distances, up to 60 miles, to find the ice.
1992 vs. 2005 Mount Kilimanjaro
1968 vs. 2007 The Himalayas
AIR TEMPERATURE RISING • China's temperature rise has basically kept pace with global warming. • The latest official statistic shows that the average temperature of the Earth's surface in China has risen by 1.1 degrees Celsius over the past century, from 1908 to 2007, and that China experienced 21 warm winters from 1986 to 2007, the latter being the warmest year since the beginning of systematic meteorological observations in 1951.
Policies and Actions • The 11th Five-year Plan for National Economic & Social Development of the People’s Republic of China (2006-2010) • National Leading Group to Address Climate Change (established in June, 2007) • China’s National Climate Change Programme (published in June, 2007) • National Assessment Report on Climate Change (published in 2007) • White Paper: China’s Policies and Actions for Addressing Climate Change (published in 2008) • The Progress Report 2009: China’s Policies and Actions for Addressing Climate Change (published in November 26, 2009)
National Leading Group to Address Climate Change (NLGACC) • Premier WenJiabao serves as its leader • Twenty ministries and government sectors are involved. • Including State Council, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Science and technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Land and Resource, Ministry of Environment Protection, Ministry of Commerce, etc.
Members of NLGACC • State CouncilMinistry of Foreign AffairsNational Development and Reform Commission (NDRC, undertakes the routine work of NLGACC)Ministry of Science and technologyMinistry of Industry and Information TechnologyMinistry of FinanceMinistry of Land and ResourceMinistry of Environment ProtectionMinistry of Housing and Urban-Rural DevelopmentMinistry of TransportMinistry of Water ResourcesMinistry of AgricultureMinistry of CommerceMinistry of HealthNational Bureau of StatisticsState Forest AdministrationChina Academy of ScienceChina Meteorological AdministrationNational Energy Bureau Civil Aviation Administration of China State Oceanic Administration
China’s National Climate Change Programme • It states the guidelines, principles and objectives of china to address climate change. • It affirms China’s policies and measures to address climate change. • It expresses China’s position on key climate change issues and needs for international cooperation.
National Assessment Report on Climate Change • It declares that climate change mainly influences China in terms of agriculture, water resources, natural ecological system, and coast zones, and may cause greater instability of agricultural production, more severe flood disasters in the south, exacerbated demand-supply conflict of water resources in the north, degradation of ecological systems like forests and grasslands, frequent occurrence of biological hazards, dramatic loss of biodiversity, high incidence of typhoons and storms, aggravation of the disasters in the coastal zones, and negative impact on the construction and operational safety of relevant major projects.
White paper: China’s Policies and Actions for Addressing Climate Change • It composed of eight chapters, describes that China actively participates in worldwide efforts to address climate change, earnestly observes the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)and the Kyoto Protocol, and plays a constructive role in international cooperation in this regard.
Climate Change and China’s situation • Impact of Climate change on China • Strategies and Objectives for Addressing Climate Change • Policies and Actions to Decelerate Climate Change • Policies and Actions to Adapt to Climate Change • Enhancing Public Awareness in Addressing Climate Change • Enhancing International Cooperation on Climate Change • Institution and Mechanism Building for Coping with Climate Change
The Progress Report 2009 • Policies and Actions to Mitigate Climate Change • Policies and Actions to Adapt to Climate Change • Local Actions to Address Climate Change • International Cooperation on Climate Change • Institutional Arrangement and Public Awareness Promotion
1. Adjust Economic Structure and Promote the Optimization and Upgrade of Industrial Structure • Promoting a new economic growth featuring “less input, less consumption, less emission, and higher efficiency” • Accelerating the Development of the Service Industry • Raising the Market Access Standards for Energy Intensive Industries
2. Actively Develop Circular Economy to Mitigate GHGs emissions • Promulgating the Circular Economy Promotion Law in 2008 • promoting the reduction, reuse and recycle of waste in resources utilization, so as to reduce GHGs from original source and in the process of production
3. Strive to Save Energy and Raise Energy Efficiency • The energy consumption per unit of GDP continued to fall, and for the first time by a margin higher than the expected annual average for energy conservation in the five-year period. • From 2006 to 2008, China’s energy consumption per unit of GDP dropped accumulatively by 10.1%, saving about 290 million tce, or effectually reducing CO2 emission by 670 million tons. * tce = ton of standard coal equivalent
Decline of Energy Consumption Per Unit of output in Major Energy Intensive Industries since 2005
In 2008, the amended Energy Conservation Law became effective. • approved 22 mandatory national standards on limitation of energy consumption of energy intensive products and 11 mandatory energy efficiency standards of energy end-use products • Issued the catalogs of the 3rd and 4th batches of products for energy efficiency labeling together with the implementation rules, increasing the number of products subject to energy efficiency labeling to 15.
Phased out backward production capacities, and further improved energy efficiency.
Reinforced economic incentives, and popularized energy saving products. • In 2008, utilizing the subsidies provided by public finance, China popularized 62 million energy-saving lamps and planed to popularize 120 million more such lamps in 2009. • By means of financial subsidies, China plans to popularize the products with energy efficiency rated the 1st or 2nd grade under 10 categories. • China lowered the excise tax for small cars to encourage the purchase of energy saving cars.
Promoted nationwide energy-conservation actions. • In August 2008, the General Office of the State Council issued the Circular on Deeply Launching Nationwide Energy Conservation Actions. • Give up driving one day a week, drive in an energy-conserving and environmentally-friendly way, cut down the use of one-off goods, use energy-conserving products, etc.
4. Develop Low-carbon Energy, and Optimize Energy Mix • China has issued a number of financial , tax and price incentive policies. • Interim Measures for the Administration of the Special Funds for the Industrialization of Wind Power Generation Equipment • Interim Measures for the Administration of the Subsidy Funds from Public Finance for the Application of Photovoltaic Solar Energy in Buildings • Implementation Plan for Accelerating the Application of Renewable Energy in Buildings in Rural Areas