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Energy’s Grand Challenges Why there isn’t an easy solution. Fossil Fuels – Nature’s Battery. Today’s Energy 85.5 % = fossil fuels (oil, gas, coal) 14.5 % = nuclear and all other sources By 2025 87 % = fossil fuels (oil, gas, coal) 13 %= nuclear and all other sources.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Energy’s Grand Challenges

Why there isn’t an easy solution

fossil fuels nature s battery
Fossil Fuels – Nature’s Battery
  • Today’s Energy
  • 85.5 % = fossil fuels (oil, gas, coal)
  • 14.5 % = nuclear and all other sources
  • By 2025
  • 87 % = fossil fuels (oil, gas, coal)
  • 13 %= nuclear and all other sources

Source: US Energy Information Administration

world demand for energy expands 45 by 2030
World demand for energy expands 45% by 2030

Mtoe

Source: IEA World Energy Outlook 2008

challenge bridge supply limitations with 24 hour demand for electricity worldwide
Challenge: bridge supply limitations with 24-hour demand for electricity worldwide

1970s: Photo from space - glow from electric lights at night.

Image Credit: NASA

challenge bridge supply limitations with 24 hour demand for electricity worldwide5
Challenge: bridge supply limitations with 24-hour demand for electricity worldwide

2005: Photo from space - glow from electric lights at night.

  • Streamline electricity grid for efficiency
  • Develop wind and solar storage systems for peak use.
  • Continue “clean coal” technology advancements
  • Increase use of natural gas

Image Credit: NASA

challenge develop new technologies and cultural habits
Challenge: Develop new technologies and cultural habits.
  • Modernize electricity grid
  • Develop and use more efficient transportation energy (i.e. hybrids, electric cars, hydrogen, natural gas, algae-based fuels)
  • Redesign homes and buildings
  • Use less!
challenge develop new technologies and cultural habits7
Challenge: Develop new technologies and cultural habits

Engineers use complex computer

simulation models for design

how important is oil
How important is oil?
  • U.S. consumes 19.5 million barrels of oil per day
  • U.S. produces 8.5 million barrels
  • of oil per day
where would we be without petroleum
Where would we be without petroleum?

You can kiss lipstick good-bye.

Deodorant

Digital Clocks

Dyes

Fertilizers

Food Preservatives

Footballs

Furniture

Garbage Bags

Glasses

Glue

Golf Balls

Hair Dryers

Hang Gliders

House Paint

Ink

Artificial Hearts

Aspirin

Balloons

Bandages

Blenders

Cameras

Candles

CD Players

Clothing

CDs/DVDs

Computers

Containers

Crayons

Credit Cards

Dentures

Insecticides

Life Jackets

Lipstick

Luggage

Medical Equipment

Medicines

MP3 Players

Pantyhose

Patio Screens

Perfumes

Photographic Film

Photographs

Piano Keys

Roller Blades

Roofing

Shampoo

Shaving Cream

Soft Contact Lenses

Surfboards

Telephones

Tents

Toothpaste

Toys

Umbrellas

how valuable is petroleum
How valuable is petroleum?

Enough energy to heat 80 millionhomes

382 million gallons of gasoline to service stations, enabling 200 million driversto get to work, take their kids to school, and take vacations-- traveling 7.5 billion road milesevery day

67 million gallonsto airport terminals, enabling 30,000 flightsto travel around the world

In one day, the oil and gas industry delivers

Source: API Energytomorrow.org

the search for oil and gas
The search for oil and gas

Exploration

Appraisal

Production

Refining and Marketing

hydrocarbon traps
Hydrocarbon Traps

Images courtesy of http://www.planete-energies.com

challenge getting the oil out
Challenge: getting the oil out

Today, we can access hydrocarbons trapped in rocks with smaller, complex pores using horizontal drilling

challenge large oilfields increasingly difficult to find
Challenge: large oilfields increasingly difficult to find.
  • Seismic technology advances
  • Breakthroughs in computer processing power and data management needed
  • Offshore deepwater exploration
challenge getting the oil out17
Challenge: getting the oil out
  • Deepwater Drilling
  • The Deepwater Pathfinder drillship (shown) can drill in water depths up to 10,000 feet
  • Dynamic-Positioning - Small thrusters and global positioning keep it stable, shifting less than 50 feet in any direction.
offshore rig
Offshore Rig
  • A deepwater project will:
  • Take many years to complete
  • Cost almost $1 billion USD
  • Employ 2000 people
  • Bring 50,000 barrels of oil per day to market
challenge recruiting the next generation of engineers and scientists
Challenge: Recruiting the next generation of engineers and scientists
  • Engineering
    • Petroleum, Chemical, Mechanical, Others
  • Geoscience
    • Geology, Geophysics
  • Sciences
    • All basic sciences - research
  • Business
    • Finance, HR, Management