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Bio 9C: Monday, 9.13.10 Title: Characteristics of Living Things . Do Now: Make a list of 6 things that make something alive (take you list of 4 and expand on it by 2). Homework: Complete your guided reading of section 1.3 if you were unable to complete it in class.

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bio 9c monday 9 13 10 title characteristics of living things
Bio 9C: Monday, 9.13.10Title: Characteristics of Living Things
  • Do Now:
    • Make a list of 6 things that make something alive (take you list of 4 and expand on it by 2).
  • Homework:
    • Complete your guided reading of section 1.3 if you were unable to complete it in class.
    • If you completed it in class, re-read the section so that you are more familiar with the content. Try to employ a reading strategy that is new to you.
  • Objectives for Class
      • List 6 of 8 characteristics that all living things share.
      • Identify and use the effective reading strategies you learned in Middle School to read and understand difficult science text.
agenda
Agenda

Characterizing Life Activity

Reading for Understanding – Section 1.3 in text book (pgs. 16-21)

characterizing life
Characterizing Life
  • Small group activity:
    • Turn your desks to make groups of 4 (Mr. Moretti will direct this).
    • One person should volunteer as the group scribe
    • As a group develop a list of 5 characteristics that you think all living things have.
    • We will discuss this as a class.
  • Objectives for Class:
      • List 6 of 8 characteristics that all living things share
slide5

Individual Observations: The images and video below show an organism called euglena.1. Look carefully at the pictures and video, and write down 5 characteristics of this organism. 2. Which characteristics match our list? Are there any we missed?

agenda1
Agenda

Characterizing Life Activity

Reading for Understanding – Section 1.3 in text book (pgs. 16-21)

reading for understanding
Reading for Understanding
  • Get a book from the class set
  • For the next 25 minutes, read as much of section 1.3 as possible (don’t rush).
  • As you read, use the guided reading strategies that are the most effective for you to understand the reading.
  • Objectives for Class:
      • Identify and use the effective reading strategies you learned in Middle School to read and understand difficult science text.
9c reading for understanding wrap up
9C: Reading For Understanding… wrap up

What Makes it Difficult?

Effective Strategies…

  • lots of vocab

Cancelled until books come in

characterizing life wrap up
Characterizing Life Wrap-up

All Living Things…

  • are made up of cells

(one cell = unicellular / many cells = multicellular)

  • reproduce

(on their own = asexual / with another parent = sexual)

  • have a genetic code (DNA) with instructions for growing

and reproducing

  • grow and develop
  • use energy and materials
  • respond to their environment
  • control the conditions inside their bodies (maintain homeostasis)
  • groups of living things adapt/evolve/change over time.
  • Objectives for Class:
      • List 6 of 8 characteristics that all living things share
bio 9c tuesday 9 14 10 title classifying life project period 1
Bio 9C:Tuesday, 9.14.10Title: Classifying Life Project – Period 1

Double Block

  • Do Now:
    • Take out HW (Notes on 1.3)
    • On the back of this HW paper:

Write down at least 1 similarity and 1 difference between these two cells:

  • Homework:
    • Actively read Section 18.3 and respond to the analysis questions on the assignment sheet. Due Friday!

Cell 1:

Cell 2:

Magnification: 100 x

Magnification: 1000 x

bio 9c tuesday 9 14 10 title classifying life project period 11
Bio 9C:Tuesday, 9.14.10Title: Classifying Life Project – Period 1

Double Block

  • Objectives for Class
      • Distinguish between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
      • Use the textbook as a resource to gather information about your assigned kingdom or domain
agenda2
Agenda

Characteristics of Life list

Prokaryotes vs. Eukaryotes

Classifying Life Project

characterizing life wrap up1
Characterizing Life Wrap-up

All Living Things…

  • are made up of cells

(one cell = unicellular / many cells = multicellular)

  • reproduce

(on their own = asexual / with another parent = sexual)

  • have a genetic code (DNA) with instructions for growing

and reproducing

  • grow and develop
  • use energy and materials
  • respond to their environment
  • control the conditions inside their bodies (maintain homeostasis)
  • Groups of living things adapt/evolve/change over time.
  • Objectives for Class:
      • List 6 of 8 characteristics that all living things share
agenda3
Agenda

Characteristics of Life list

Prokaryotes vs. Eukaryotes

Classifying Life Project

two main cell types
Two Main Cell Types
  • Eukaryotic

(eu = true; karyote = kernel/nucleus)

    • Cells that have a nucleus in which their DNA/ chromosomes are stored
    • Cells that are larger and more complex
  • Prokaryotic

(pro = before; karyote = kernel/nucleus)

    • Cells that don’t store their DNA/chromosomes in a nucleus (it’s just floating in the cell)
    • Cells that are smaller and simpler
  • Objectives for Class:
    • Distinguish between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells
two main cell types prokaryotes and eukaryotes
Two main cell types:PROKARYOTESandEUKARYOTES

Epithelial Cells w/

Bacilli (bacteria)

White Blood Cell w/

Cocci (bacteria)

  • Objectives for Class:
    • Distinguish between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells
slide18

Two main cell types:PROKARYOTESandEUKARYOTES

Prokaryotes

Eukaryotes

  • Objectives for Class:
    • Distinguish between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells
agenda4
Agenda

Characteristics of Life list

Prokaryotes vs. Eukaryotes

Classifying Life Project

classifying life project day 1
Classifying Life Project Day 1
  • Project Overview:
    • Work in groups to research information about different categories of living things
    • Create a PowerPoint Presentation that you’ll use to share this information with the class
  • Main Goals:
    • Practice researching from the textbook and the internet
    • Use PowerPoint to effectively convey scientific information
    • Identify 2 distinguishing characteristics about each major category of life
classifying life project day 11
Classifying Life Project Day 1
  • How will it work?
    • Work in groups of 3-4 students (assigned by your teacher)
    • Each person has a job
      • Research Manager
      • PowerPoint Manager
      • Presentation Manager
    • Everyone works together on each part of the project (but the manager facilitates her/his part)
  • Project Timeline:
    • Today: Assign jobs , begin researching your topic
    • Thursday: finish research, create PowerPoint, rehearse presentation and Present to class
    • Friday: Classifications and Wrap-up.
  • Grading: Group grade, and individuals get double points for the score on their assigned part
get to work on your project day 1
Get to work on your project… Day 1
  • Begin Researching your Domain/ Kingdom
  • Create PowerPoint
    • Gather pictures from the internet
    • Create slides with organized pictures and text
    • Don’t forget to check the rubric!
  • Your PowerPoint should be finished 10 minutes before class ends so that you have time to rehearse!
bio 9c thursday 9 16 10 title classifying life project day 2 r d and presentations
Bio 9C:Thursday, 9.16.10Title: Classifying Life Project Day 2 – R&D and Presentations

Double Block

  • Do Now:
    • Write down at least 2 things that you learned about your group’s domain and/or kingdom yesterday!
    • What does your group need to accomplish today in order to be ready to present to the class tomorrow?
  • Homework:
    • Section 18.3 Reading for Understanding – see guidelines on back of assignment sheet
  • Objectives for Class
      • Use PowerPoint to make a 2-3 slide presentation about your assigned domain or kingdom
agenda5
Agenda

Finish your presentation preparation

Project Presentations

continue work on your project day 2
Continue work on your project… Day 2
  • Finish Researching your Domain/ Kingdom
  • Complete the PowerPoint
    • Gather pictures from the internet
    • Create slides with organized pictures and text
    • Don’t forget to check the rubric!
  • You should give your team at least15 minutes to plan and rehearse your presentation. Remember – no reading from the PowerPoint when you present!
agenda6
Agenda

Finish your presentation preparation

Project Presentations

project presentations to the class
Project Presentations to the Class…
  • In random order (i.e.: as they were sent to me and compiled in the ppt. file), each group will present their work to the class.
bio 9c friday 9 17 10 title organizing the classification schemes
Bio 9C: Friday, 9.17.10 Title: Organizing the Classification Schemes
  • Do Now:
    • Based on last night’s reading:
      • Which domain or kingdom do you understand the best?
      • Which domain or kingdom did you find most confusing?
      • What is one thing you hope to learn from the other groups’ presentations today?
  • Homework:
    • Pass last night’s homework to the left
    • Reflection: Classifying Life (see back of assignment sheet for details)
  • Objectives for Class
      • Identify two defining characteristics of each kingdom and domain
      • Use evidence and reasoning to hypothesize about relationships between the domains and kingdoms.
      • Draw a “Tree of Life” showing the relationships between domains and kingdoms
agenda7
Agenda

Classification of Life Jigsaw: Building Phylogenetic Trees

example tree diagram
Example Tree Diagram
  • Objectives for Class:
      • Use evidence and reasoning to hypothesize about relationships between the domains and kingdoms.
      • Draw a “Tree of Life” showing the relationships between domains and kingdoms
domains and kingdoms jigsaw
Domains and Kingdoms Jigsaw
  • Develop groups so that each group has a representative from each Domain/ Kingdom team (i.e.: each group has 1 Protista, 1 Archaea, 1 Bacteria, 1 Animalia, 1 Plantae and 1 Fungi)
  • As a “super group”, create a tree diagram that organizes the domains and kingdoms so that those are the closest “relatives” are closest to each other.
  • Draw your tree diagrams on chart paper and elect 2 students from the super group to explain your classification system to the class.
  • Objectives for Class:
      • Use evidence and reasoning to hypothesize about relationships between the domains and kingdoms.
      • Draw a “Tree of Life” showing the relationships between domains and kingdoms
present classification schemes to class
Present Classification Schemes to Class
  • Objectives for Class:
      • Use evidence and reasoning to hypothesize about relationships between the domains and kingdoms.
      • Draw a “Tree of Life” showing the relationships between domains and kingdoms
bio 9c monday 9 20 10 title domains and kingdoms of life wrap up
Bio 9C: Monday, 9.20.10Title: Domains and Kingdoms of Life Wrap-up
  • Homework:
    • Transfer your notes to your notebook. You may need to revisit the PowerPoint slides on the blog to get the notes you are missing
  • Do Now:
    • In your reflection, what aspects of the classification system do not make sense (i.e.: if asked on a quiz you would freak out)
  • Objectives for Class:
      • Identify and explain two defining characteristics of each kingdom and domain.
      • Use the characteristics of living things to explain relationships between domains and kingdoms.
agenda8
Agenda

Review Domains and Kingdoms. Address major questions and concerns

Review the “Tree of Life”

domain bacteria
Domain Bacteria
  • unicellular/microscopic
  • prokaryotic (tiny cells with no nucleus)
  • very diverse – live and eat in many different ways
  • Objectives for Class:
      • Identify and explain two defining characteristics of each kingdom and domain.
domain archaea
Domain Archaea
  • unicellular/microscopic
  • Prokaryotic (no nucleus)
  • live in extreme environments (very hot, salty, or acidic places)
  • Objectives for Class:
      • Identify and explain two defining characteristics of each kingdom and domain.
domain eukarya
Domain Eukarya
  • unicellular OR multicellular
  • all have nucleus
  • eukaryotic (bigger cells w/ nucleus and organelles)
  • includes 4 Kingdoms:

Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia

  • Objectives for Class:
      • Identify and explain two defining characteristics of each kingdom and domain.
kingdom protista
Kingdom Protista
  • most are unicellular
  • most live in water
  • “miscellaneous” category – some are like plant cells, some are like animal cells
  • Objectives for Class:
      • Identify and explain two defining characteristics of each kingdom and domain.
kingdom fungi
Kingdom Fungi
  • mostly multicellular
  • decomposers (feed on dead/decaying things)

ex: mushrooms, mold, yeast

  • Objectives for Class:
      • Identify and explain two defining characteristics of each kingdom and domain.
kingdom plantae
Kingdom Plantae
  • multicellular
  • use photosynthesis to make food from sunlight, CO2, and water
  • Objectives for Class:
      • Identify and explain two defining characteristics of each kingdom and domain.
kingdom animalia
Kingdom Animalia
  • multicellular
  • eat other living things for food
  • most can move
  • Objectives for Class:
      • Identify and explain two defining characteristics of each kingdom and domain.
agenda9
Agenda

Review Domains and Kingdoms. Address major questions and concerns

Review the “Tree of Life”

the tree of life all living things
The TREE OF LIFE: All Living Things

Protists

Animals

Plants

  • Objectives for Class:
      • Use the characteristics of living things to explain relationships between domains and kingdoms.
bio 9c tuesday 9 21 10 title domains and kingdoms of life wrap up
Bio 9C: Tuesday, 9.21.10Title: Domains and Kingdoms of Life Wrap-up
  • Homework:
    • Study for the Quiz on Wednesday. Review guide is on the back of the Assignment Sheet
  • Do Now:
    • What do you remember about Euglena? pssst… you may have to go back to your notes to refresh your memory… wink, wink ;-)
  • Objectives for Class:
      • Identify and explain two defining characteristics of each kingdom and domain.
      • Compare and contrast the major Domains and Kingdoms of Life.
agenda10
Agenda

MCAS Open Response Practice: Classifying Euglena

another look at euglena
Another Look at Euglena
  • A few notes on Euglena:
    • It has a nucleus
    • It is a single-celled organism
    • It does NOT have a cell wall
    • The green spots are chloroplasts
    • It can both
      • produce food through photosynthesis like a plant does (autotroph)
      • Eat other organisms for food like an animal does (heterotroph)
open response practice classifying euglena
Open Response Practice: Classifying Euglena
  • Class Objectives: Compare and contrast the major Domains and Kingdoms of Life
  • Classify organisms into the major Domains and Kingdoms of Life
  • Think, Pair, Share
  • Think:
    • Would you classify this as a prokaryote or eukaryote? Why?
    • Based on the classification scheme we are using, into which Domain and Kingdom would you classify Euglena?
      • Use3 specificcharacteristics of theDomain and Kingdom to explain your reasoning for putting Euglena into those categories.
  • Pair: Peer Correcting
  • Share:Class Discussion
  • Objectives for Class:
      • Identify and explain two defining characteristics of each kingdom and domain.
      • Compare and contrast the major Domains and Kingdoms of Life.
quiz review sheet
Quiz Review Sheet
  • What are two defining features of each of the following domains/kingdoms?
  • Domain Bacteria
  • Domain Archaea
  • Domain Eukarya
  • Kingdom Protista
  • Kingdom Fungi
  • Kingdom Plantae
  • Kingdom Animalia
  • Compare and contrast: what are the similarities and differences between…
    • Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells?
    • Any two of the domains/kingdoms listed above (pick two from the list and try to compare/contrast them)?
    • Plant and Animal Cells?
  • Identify six of the eight characteristics of living things and explain how they are used to determine if something is alive.
bio 9c wednesday 9 22 10 title classification of life quiz
Bio 9C: Wednesday, 9.22.10Title: Classification of Life Quiz
  • Homework:
    • Read the procedures for the Microscope Lab Tutorial and be prepared to engage in the lab.
  • Do Now:
    • Clear your desks except for a pen or pencil. Please put ALL other materials in your bags and zip the bags closed. If you need ANYTHING during the quiz, please raise your hand and wait for me to address your concern.
  • Objectives for Class:
      • Identify and explain two defining characteristics of each kingdom and domain.
      • Compare and contrast the major Domains and Kingdoms of Life
      • Explain how the characteristics of living things are used to identify living organisms.
agenda11
Agenda

Quiz 1: Classifying Living Things