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Taxonomy is the branch of biology that deals with A . naming organisms. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Taxonomy is the branch of biology that deals with A . naming organisms. B . classifying organisms. C . the anatomy of organisms. D . the biochemistry of organisms. B . classifying organisms.

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slide1

Taxonomy is the branch of biology that deals with

  • A. naming organisms.
  • B. classifying organisms.
  • C. the anatomy of organisms.
  • D. the biochemistry of organisms.
slide3

According to the Linnaean system of classification, the organism Acetabulariamediterranea is most closely related to

      • AMediterraneacrassa.
      • B. Acetabulariacrenulata.
  • C. Mediterraneacrenulata.
  • D. Crenulataacetabularia.
slide5

Which category contains the greatest number of different types of organisms?

  • A. genus
  • B. family
  • C. phylum
  • D. Class
  • E. Kingdom
slide7

Which is the proper sequence of classification categories, moving from the largest to the smallest group of organisms?

  • A. kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, species, genus
  • B. kingdom, phylum, family, class, order, genus
  • C. kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus species
  • D. kingdom, phylum, division, class, order, family, genus
slide9

The scientific names of organisms continue to be written in Latin because

A. Latin invented the system.

    • Latin is universally understood.
    • Latin doesn't change as other languages change.
    • it is easier to learn Latin than most other languages.
slide11

Considering organisms from the species level to the phylum level there is an increase in

  • A. unity.
  • B. diversity
  • C. structural similarity.
  • D. color similarity.
slide13

Which of these categories of classification contains organisms that are most closely related?

  • A. family
  • B. class
  • C. order
  • D. genus
slide15

The system of binomial nomenclature was devised by

  • A. Charles Darwin.
  • B. Charles Lyell.
  • C. Aristotle.
  • D. Carolus Linnaeus.
slide17

A biology class was investigating the properties of active and inactive organisms. Students used sprouted and dry seeds, fresh and boiled yeast, and awake and etherized crickets. These organisms were chosen because they were from three different

  • A. kingdoms.
  • B. phyla.
  • C. classes.
  • D. kingdoms, phyla, and classes.
slide21

An organism that produces its own food by the process of photosynthesis is called:

  • AHeterotroph
  • BAutotroph
  • C Herbivore
  • D Consumer
slide23

A virus is made up all of the following except:

  • A Nucleic Acid
  • B Protein
  • CCapsids
  • DRibosomes
slide27

Viruses CAN:

  • A Live independently
  • B Grow
  • C Eat
  • D Direct their host to replicate their genetic material
slide29

The _______ Cycle for a virus will display immediate symptoms of an infection.

  • ALytic
  • BLysogenic
slide31

.______ The HIV virus undergoes the ___________ cycle. The virus directs the host to replicate its virus. However no symptoms of the infection are apparent until years later.

ALytic

BLysogenic

slide33

A ________________ is a protective protein coat that surrounds the nucleic acid of the virus.

  • ACapsid
  • B DNA
  • C Pathogen
  • D Epidemic
slide35

All Monerans

  • A Have chlorophyll
  • B Lack a nucleus
  • C Cause disease
  • D Are producers
slide39

All of the following are shapes of bacteria EXCEP

  • AStaphylo
  • BCoccus
  • C Bacilli
  • DSpirillum
slide41

A large group (cluster) of similar bacteria:

  • A. Capsule
  • B Strep
  • CDiplo
  • D. Staph
slide43

Spherical shaped bacteria are classified as:

  • AStaphylo
  • BCoccus
  • C Bacilli
  • DSpirillum
slide45

Gram ________ bacteria stain purple and have a very simple cell wall, only consisting of peptidylglycan:

  • A Positive
  • B Negative
slide47

An _________________ cannot survive in the presence of oxygen.

  • A Obligate Aerobe
  • B Facultative Aerobe
  • CFacultative Anaerobe
  • D Obligate Anaerobe
slide51

Short hairlike parts on the cell surface are called:

  • A Cilia
  • BPseudopod
  • C Flagella
  • D Spores
slide53

A pseudopod is considered:

  • A Contractile vacuole
  • B False Feet
  • C Flagella
  • DProtist
slide55

Also known as seaweed, ___________________ algae are complex multicellular organisms that live mainly in salt water.

  • A Brown
  • B Red
  • C Green
  • D Golden
slide57

Agar is made from which protist:

  • A Red Algae
  • B Brown Algae
  • C Euglena
  • D Slime Mold
slide59

Which of the following organelles deals with the removal or excess water and intake of needed water?

  • A Macronucleus
  • B Oral Groove
  • C Contractile vacuole
  • D Mitochondria
slide61

Which organelle deals with the reproduction of the protist?

  • A Macronucleus
  • B Contractile Vacuole
  • C Oral Groove
  • D Micronucleus
slide67

All of the following are true for Euglenas except the following:

  • A Unicellular
  • B Do not have a cell wall
  • C Move by flagella
  • D Move by cilia
slide69

All of the following are true for Amoebas except the following:

  • A Eat by diffusion
  • B Are part of the phylum Rhizopods
  • C Move by pseudopod
  • D Is a animal like protist
slide71

All of the following are true for Ciliates except the following:

  • A Have a macronucelus
  • B Unicellular
  • C Move by Flagella
  • D Example is Paramecium
slide75

Fungus reproduce by:

  • A Binary Fission
  • B Conjugation
  • C Spores
  • D Mitosis
slide79

According to the five kingdom classification system, Kingdom Fungi are one of the ____________________.

  • A Prokaryotes
  • B Eukaryotes
slide81

All of the following are true for Fungus EXCEPT:

  • A Fungus helps decompose things
  • B Fungus can be irritating to humans by causing athletes foot.
  • C Fungus can also be a source of food
  • D Fungus can cause the Tobacco Mosaic Disease